sociology test 1
Card Set Information
sociology test 1
Understanding human behavior by placing it whitin its broader social context?
People who share a culture and a territory?
The group memberships that people have because of their location in history and society
The application of systematic methods to obtain knoledge and the knowledge obtained by those methods
the intellectual and academic disciplines designed to comprehend, explain, and predict events in our natural environments
the intellectual and academic disciplines designed to understand the social world objectively by means of controlled and repeated observations
a statement that goes beyond the individual case and is applied to a broader group or situation
those things that everyone knows are true
the use of objective systematic observation to test theories
the application of the scientific approach to the social world
Comte proposed to apply the scientific method to the social world in a process called???
Herbert spencer believed that societies go through a ______ evolution. They evolve from a lower ______ stage, to a higher _____ stage. ALso known as the founder of sociology!
Karl Marx thought that human misery lay in ______ conflict
Marx's term for the struggle between capitalist and workers
Marxs term for capitalist those who own the means of production
Marx's term for the exploited class, the mass of workers who do not own the means of production
This refers to the evolution of species (Spencer)
Emile Durkheim believed that social forces affected peoples _______
the degree to which members of a group or a society feel united by shared values and other social bonds also known as social cohesion
recurring characteristics or events
patterns of behavior
Max Weber thought this power house of an organization was the sole influence on social change?
the view that a sociologist personal values or beliefs should not influence social research
the standards by which people define what is desirable or undesirable, good or bad, beautiful or ugly
value neutrality in research
the reptition of a study in order to test its findings
the use of sociology to solve problems from the micro level of classroom interaction and family relationships to the macro level of crim and pollution
a general statement about how some parts of the world fit together and how they work, an explanation of how two or more facts are related to one another
a theoretical perspective in which society is viewed as composed of symbols that people use to establish meaning and communicate with one another
symbolic interaction ism
Ex. Meaning of marriage
An examination of large scale patterns of society
macro level analysis
an examination of small scale patterns of society such as how the members of a group interact
micro level analysis
what people do in the presence of another
the language, beliefs, values, norms and even material objects that characterize a group and are passed from one generation to the next
the disorientation that people experience when they come in contact with a fundamentally different culture and can no longer depend on their taken for granted assumptions about life
the use of ones own culture as a yardstick for judging the ways of other societies leading to negative evaluation.
not judging a culture but trying to understand it on its own terms
edward sapir and benjamin wharfs hypothesis that language creates ways of thinking and perceiving
expectations of what is "right"
either expressions of approval or disapproval
norms that are not strictly enforced
norms that are strictly enforced
the values and related behaciors of a group that distinguish its members from the larger culture
a group whose balues beliefs norms place its members in opposition to the broader culture
ogburns term for human behavior lagging behind technological innovations
the spread of cultural traits from one group to another
the entire human environment, including interaction with others
term coined by Charles Horton Cooley to refer to the process by which our self develops through internalizing other reaction so us
looking glass self
Mead a symbolic interactionalist believed that when we play with others we learn to take the _____ of the other
Frued was mr. Subconcious
The Id, ego and superego
learning societies gender map the paths in life set for us because we are male or femal
group of individuals often roughly the same age who are linked by common interest and orientations
people or groups that affect our slefconcept attitueds behavior or other orientations toward life
agents of socialization
the process of learning in advance an anticipated future role or status
the stages of our life as we go from birth to death
a factor which can vary from one case to another. Think Scientific method
The way in which a researcher measure a variable
1 of 7 methods that sociologies use to collect data
the extent to which an operation definition measures what it is intended to measure
extent to which research produces consistent or dependable results
effects of interviewers on respondents that lead to biased answers. The answer is in the definition!!
Questions that respondents answer in their own words
research in which the researcher participates in a research setting while observing what is happening in that setting
the use of control and experimental groups and dependent and independent variables to test causation
the group of subjects in an experiment who are exposed to the independent variable
the subjects in an experiment who are not exposed to the independent variable
a factor that causes a change in another variable aka the dependent variable
a factor that is changed in experiment
the analysis of data that have been collected by other researchers
Meads "I" is the self as subject meaning...
this is the active, creative part of the self
Meads "ME", is the self as object meaning...
attitudes we internalize from our interactions with others...
Ex. He pushed ME
Goffman's Dramaturgical Model is used to explain how we have different roles in life depending on our place in life... so as a student we_______ and as a son we do_______ and so on.
dishes after dinner
Places where people give performances
front stage behavior
places where people rest from their perfmorances and plan future performances.
back stage behavior
peoples efforts to control the impressions that others recieve of them.
techniques used to salvage a performance