ClinMedV:Emergency Medicine (CPR)
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What is the proper way to say CPR?
cardiopulmonary cerebrovascular resuscitation
How many patients survive cardiac arrest?
Who is usually saved?
- young patients
- patients with reversible underlying cause
Examples of a reversible underlying cause:AH
- airway obstruction
- hypovolemic shock
Steps involved after verifying that the animal is in cardiac arrest and you have called for help: ABCD
What can be used to establish a airway?ETMH
- ET tube
- mouth to nose
- heimlich if obstruction
If the patient is breathing they just need supplemented oxygen. How is this given?IMF
How do you measure a intra nasal oxygen tube?
tip of nose to medial canthus of eye
What can be used if the animal is not breathing?
- anesthesia machine
- ambu bag
How often should each breath be?
every 3-5 sec
What may be needed to remove air or fluid from the pleural space?
What acupuncture site can be used to assist in breathing?
To check circulation what is considered before compressions?
- shock or not
If less than 15lbs what position is the patient in?
If greater than 15lbs what position is the patient in?
Where are compressions given?
between 3rd and 6th ribs at costochondral junction
If needed and able what should be done?TD
- treat arrythmias with drugs
What does defibrillation do?
depolarize and repolarize all heart cells simultaneously
How many compressions should be given per minute?(Depends on size of animal)
What should your position be for compressions?EB
- Extend and lock arms
- bend at waist (don't bend elbows)
How much should the thorax be displaced?
What should be established asap?
- IV access with largest gauge needle
- start fluids at shock dose
What may be needed?
blood or blood product
What is an extreme measure that can be done?
internal cardiac massage
Routes of administration for drugs:
What drugs are successful going IT? ALE
What is used to dilute IT drugs?
10-15ml sterile saline
Which drug is parasympatholytic and inc HR?
What drug is used for arrythmias in dogs?
What drug is used for cardiac arrest and some cases of shock?
What drug is used for respiratory stimulation?
What drug is used to treat acidosis?
Name 2 other drugs mentioned:CD
What would you like to do?
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