Test 1 Personality ch.2

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truleo
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237268
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Test 1 Personality ch.2
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2013-09-27 17:10:29
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personality psychology theories
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Vocab on chapter 2
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  1. Childhood sexuality
    Freud's idea that children are active initiators of autoerotic behaviors designed to bring sensual pleasure. Freud replaced the seduction theory with the idea of childhood sexuality.
  2. Anxiety neurosis
    A neurosis whose main symptom is anxiety; thought by Freud to be caused too high a level of sexual excitation.
  3. Cathartic method
    The therapeutic use of inducing a catharsis to release conflicted emotional states.
  4. Catharsis
    A release of emotions by expressing them.
  5. "Chimney sweeping"
    Betha Pappenheim's term for her recollection of emotionally-changed memories and subsequent verbal catharsis in a semi-hypnotic state.
  6. "Clouds"
    The term that Bertha Pappenheim used to describe her hypnotic states. She often felt as if she was floating on a cloud.
  7. Compromise formations
    Symptoms that balance the anxiety and guilt of the conscious personality agaist the pleasurable gratifications sought by the unconscious.
  8. Conflict
    In Freud's theory, conflice occurs when an unconscious wish on an impulse is incompatible with the individual's conscious views and principles.
  9. Countertransferance
    the process of a therapist inappropriately projecting feelings or emotions from previous relationships onto a patient.
  10. Defense
    Any one of a number of psychological means used to keep anxiety-provoking material out of awareness in order to reduce or avoid anxiety.
  11. Defense neurosis
    Neurosis that Freud conceptualized as rising from the ego's attempt to defend against threatening sexual thoughts.
  12. Dynamic unconscious
    A part of the mind in which thoughts and emotions removed from consciousness by repression continue to operate unconsciously; Freud concluded that they might produce symptoms that replace direct expression of thoughts or emotions.
  13. Electra Complex
    A psychological process during the phallic stage in which a female child detaches from her mother upon discovering that she too has no penis; she then devalues the mother and turns to her father; she stars identifying with female behaviors to appeal to her father and get a penis substitute from him-a baby.
  14. Transferance
    The process of a patient inappropriately projecting feelings or relationships onto a therapist.
  15. "Talking cure"
    The process of talking activity with a therapist, using free association, to address emotional conflicts.
  16. Erotegenic zones
    Pleasurable zones of the body that are a source of sensual pleasure
  17. Fixation (of libido)
    In the course of psychosexual development, an individual lags behind or becomes fixated in development at a specific stage. It may lead to oral, anal, or phallic personality types.
  18. Free association
    A therapeutic technique devised by Freud to encourage patients to report spontaneously any thoughts or fantasies that occur to them.
  19. Libido
    The biological force underlying the individual's pleasure-seeking activity.
  20. Oedipus complex
    The psychological process during the phallic stage in which a male child becomes sexually attracted to his mother and competes with his father for her attention; this stage is resolved when the boy identifies with his father due to fear of castration.
  21. Regression (of libido)
    The return to an earlier stage of psychosexual development.
  22. Resistance
    Defensive process to ward off threatening thoughts or feelings. Such threatening contents may continue to exert unconscious "pressure" in their striving for expression.
  23. Suppression
    The conscious or deliberate avoidance of threatening ideas.

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