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  1. Live Load
    the weight the users bring into the building

    this includes: furniture, equipment, etc.
  2. Dead Load
    the weight of the building
  3. Lamella Truss
    A structural web with a repeating identical diamond pattern 

    Connection: it is connected middle to end repeatedly

    Jigs or templates are often used

    It transfers the load to the ground

    Temporary supports are used at the beginning

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  4. Rain/Snow Load
    the load created by rain/snow collection on the roof
  5. Wind Loads
    create pressure from all different diretions (including upward and downward)
  6. Seismic Load
    forces created due to an earthquake
  7. What are the 3 major building parts?
    • 1. Superstructure
    • 2. Substructure
    • 3. Foundation
  8. Superstructure
    building above the ground
  9. Substructure
  10. Foundation
    has to reach under solid soil and reach down into the undisturbed soil (below the frostline)
  11. Depth of Foundation
    designed to control settlement, create uniform settling
  12. Geotechnical Engineering
    -subsurface exploration and soil testing

    • -penetration tests
    • -test boring
    • -test pits
  13. What do you do to test the sold for bearing capacity?
    • -penetration tests
    • -test boring
    • -test pits
  14. What do you need to check for your foundation?
    • -undisturbed soil
    • -frost line depth
  15. What foundations are used for heavy construction?
    • -Deep Foundations: Caissons; Socketed Caisson, etc. 
    • -Piles
    • -Pile Drivers
  16. Migration through the soil of ______ must be managed.
  17. Types of Foundation
    • -slab in grade, reinforced trench footings; there has to be footing below the frostline (this is the most basic type of foundation) 
    • -shallow foundations on spread footing
    • -crawl space with spread footings and short foundation walls
  18. Benchmark Elevation
  19. Steel Form Work
    utilizes steel wedges and form ties which keeps it from blowing out
  20. How do you anchor a building to the foundation?
    -anchor bolts through the plate (sill seal is used to keep out water)
  21. Retaining Wall Failure
    • 1. Overturning
    • 2. Sliding
    • 3. Undermining
  22. Drip Line
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  23. Softwoods
  24. Hardwoods
    Broad Leaf
  25. FSC
    Forest Stewardship Council

    -3rd party that ensures that the growth and harvesting of forests is sustainable.
  26. How do you season lumber?
    • -must be dried to prevent shrinkage and distortion
    • -can be done by air-dry or heated in a kiln
    • -generally lumber has 3-% moisture, but needs to be at 19%
  27. Green Lumber
    lumber that has just been cut down
  28. Pressure Treated Lumber
    -a process that forces chemical preservatives into the lumber to create lumber that is resistant to rot and insects 

    • -CCA: old, harmful, no longer used
    • -ACQ: new, currently used
  29. What is a deciding factor when selecting lumber for a project?
    -some lumber can touch the ground(earth) and some can't
  30. Types of Engineered Lumber
    • -Plywood
    • -OSB
    • -Particle Board
    • -Fiber Board
  31. Gluelams
    large beams made up of dimension lumber and often left structurally exposed in buildings
  32. Paralams
    structural beams stretching from load bearing point to load bearing point

    (equivalent to OSB)
  33. Microlams/Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL's)
    • -often used from smaller beams 
    • -made of wood veneers (similar to plywood)
  34. I-Joist
  35. Veneer
    a thing non-structural layer of finish quality
  36. 3 Matching Types for Veneers
    • 1. Random Matching
    • 2. Book Matching
    • 3. Slip Matching
  37. Wood Fastening
    • -Nails
    • -Face Nails
    • -End Nails
    • -Toe Nails

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  38. Fasteners
    • -bolt
    • -screw
    • -washer
  39. Heavy Timber Framing Types
    • -braced frame
    • -bent
    • -crucks
    • -pit dwelling
  40. Bent
    • built on the ground and then stood up
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  41. Heavy Timber Connections
    • -Steel connections
    • -Mortise and Tenon
  42. Mortise and tenon
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  43. Stave Construction
  44. Vertical Wood Structural....
  45. Light Gauge Steel Construction
    • -runner channels
    • -structural members
  46. Structural Framing Members
    • -non combustible
    • -lighter weight
    • -longer spans
    • -consistently sized members 
    • -more stable in humid conditions
    • -termite resistant
    • -less drilling for services
    • -100% recyclable
  47. Structural Framing Members
    • -not yet the standard practice
    • -more labor intensive than wood
    • -thermal conductivity 
    • -condensation 
    • -insulation costs
    • -high fastener costs
    • -galvanic action (when two metals come in contact and cause corrosion) 
    • -not a renewable resource
  48. Light Gauge Steel Framing Accessories
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  49. Yield Strength
    irreversible deformation caused by compression
  50. Tensile Strength
    the ability of a structural material to withstand stretching forces
  51. Hot Rolled Steel
    basic steel that is made by passing through two rollers at a temperature that is higher then the recrystalization temperature
  52. Cold Rolled Steel
    • occurs after hot rolling
    • -is harder to work with 
    • -doesn't rust as easily 
    • -generally used for finished products, normally has a shinny finish
  53. Tube
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  54. Pipe
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  55. Channel
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  56. Components of a Simple Steel Structure
    • -Joists
    • -Girders
    • -Beams
    • -Open Web Joists
  57. Painting Terms
    • -Pigment: color
    • -Fillers: carries the color 
    • -Binders: binds the filler and pigment together and to the material being painted
    • -Primer: bonds to the surface
    • -Finish Coat Paint
Card Set:
2013-09-27 16:12:00
Building Tech

Building Tech I: Test I: Study Material
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