HSCI 003, Anatomical Descriptive Nomenclature

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tgherasim
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237378
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HSCI 003, Anatomical Descriptive Nomenclature
Updated:
2013-09-27 14:27:47
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Med Terminology
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definitions, latin origin
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  1. Dorsal
    • Latin: Dorsum
    • Definition: Pertaining to the back
    • Antonym: Ventral
  2. Ventral
    • Latin: Ventralis
    • Definition: Nearest to the belly or undersurface.
    • Antonym: Dorsal
  3. Superior
    • Latin: Superus
    • Definition: Nearest to the vertex of the head.
    • Antonym: Inferior
  4. Inferior
    • Latin: Inferus
    • Definition: Situated below or downward.
    • Antonym: Superior
  5. Anterior
    • Latin: Anterior
    • Definition: Front of the body.
    • Synonym: Ventral
  6. Posterior
    • Latin: Posterus
    • Defintion: Near the back of the body.
    • Synonym: Dorsal
  7. Cephalic
    • Greek: Kephale
    • Definition: In the direction toward the head.
    • Synonym: Superior.
  8. Caudal
    • Latin: Caudalis
    • Definition: Pertaining to the tail - Caudad
    • Antonym: Cephalic
  9. Medial
    • Latin: Medialis
    • Definition: Near to the median or midsagittal plane - Median
  10. Lateral
    • Latin: Lateralis
    • Definition: Right or left to the midsagittal plane.
  11. Proximal
    • Latin: Proximus
    • Definition: Nearest to the trunk or point of origin.
  12. Distal
    • Latin: Distalis
    • Definition: Away from the center of the body or point of origin.
  13. Interior
    • Latin: Inter
    • Definition: Towards the inside - Rotation.
  14. Exterior
    • Latin: Exterus
    • Definition: Outside - Rotation.
  15. Sagittal
    • Latin: Sagitta - an arrow
    • Definition: In an antiposterior (AP) direction.
  16. Coronal
    • Latin: Coronalis
    • Definition: Relating to the coronal plane - Frontal.
  17. Transverse
    • Latin: Transversus
    • Definition: Crosswise, lying across the long axis of body or part.
  18. Adduct
    • Latin: Ad-duco
    • Definition: Draw toward the median plane.
  19. Abduct
    • Latin: Abducere
    • Definition: Move away from the median plane.
  20. Flexion
    • Latin: Flecto
    • Definition: Bending a joint so as to approximate the parts, bending the spine so the concavity faces forward - Dorsi/Plantar.
  21. Extension
    • Latin: Extension
    • Definition: Bringing the distal portion of a joint in continuity with the long axis of the proximal portion.
  22. Pronate
    • Latin: Pronatus
    • Definition: To place facing forward.
    • Antonym: Supinate
  23. Prone
    • Latin: Pronus
    • Definition: To lie on the stomach, face down.
  24. Recumbant
    • Latin: Recubo
    • Definition: Leaning, reclining, lying down (a resting position).
  25. Supinate
    • Latin: Supino
    • Definition: To place facing upward.
    • Antonym: Pronate
  26. Supine
    • Latin: Supino
    • Definition: To lie on the back, facing upward.
  27. Varus
    • Latin: Bow-legged
    • Definition: Angular deformity where the bone distal to the joint deviates medially from the longitudinal axis of the proximal bone.
  28. Valgus
    • Latin: Knock-kneed
    • Deifnition: Angular deformity where the bone distal to the joint deviates laterally from the longitudinal axis of the proximal bone.
  29. Volar
    • Latin: Vola
    • Definition: Sole of foot, palm of the hand.

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