Psych 111 Chapter One

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  1. the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior
  2. Who established the first psychological laboratory in Leipzig, Germany and helped us realize that we must understand where we came from in order to understand where we are now?
    Wilhelm Wundt
  3. a person's subjective experience of the world and the mind
  4. relationships between the basic elements that constitute the mind (conscious experiences of sensations and feelings, relied on introspection)
  5. Who built on the principles of introspection and the study of conscious experiences, but instead focused on the why and the adaptive reasons for what and how we perceive things in the real world?
    William James
  6. the study of the function or purpose conscious mental processes serve in enabling people to adapt to their environment
  7. What perspective identified the role of unconscious forces that determine thoughts, feelings, and behavior and theorized that personality is dependent on early life experiences?
    Also, drives and motivations conflict leading to compromises, and focuses on sexual and aggressive impulses
    psychoanalytic perspective
  8. What perspective stresses the positive potential of all humans, believes in free will, and posits an inherent drive to develop and reach full potential?
    humanistic perspective
  9. What perspective focus on observable behavioral responses and emphasizes the environmental impact on a person's actions?
    behaviorist perspective
  10. What kind of conditioning (Pavlov, Watson) is characterized by associative learning pairing stimuli and response?
    classical conditioning
  11. What kind of conditioning is characterized by the exploration of reinforcement and punishment as determinants of behavior?
    operant conditioning
  12. What theory states that behavior is influenced by the observation of others?
    Social Learning Theory
  13. What perspective reintroduced how one thinks affects behavior and responses, studies the mental processes involved in knowing, and explores how one understands and then thinks about solving problems?
    Also, focus is on storage and retrieval of information
    cognitive perspective
  14. What perspective focuses on understanding the mind and behavior through biological processes in the brain (different parts of the brain are active during different stimuli)?
    Also, explores the electrical and chemical processes of neurons affecting mood, perception, cognition, and behavior
    biological/biopsychological perspective and cognitive neuroscience
  15. What kind of psychology understands mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive selection of traits and functions over time?
    Also, seeks to understand a variety of research findings within this theoretical framework
    evolutionary psychology
  16. What kind of psychology explores universal aspects of physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional development across the lifespan?
    Also, identifies variations in development across experiences (what variations are more/less adaptive)
    developmental psychology
  17. What kind of psychology focuses on the study of individual and group behaviors and responses across situations?
    Also studies altruism and bystander behavior
    social psychology
  18. What kind of psychology identifies and explores the role of culture on the psychological processes of its members?
    cultural psychology
  19. What term defines, describes, and measures the stability of behaviors and personality traits over time?
  20. What kind of psychology looks at the measurement of behavior through the development of psychological tests?
  21. What kind of psychology conducts lab studies of learning, motivation, emotion, sensation and perception, physiology, and cognition (difference between sensation and perception)?
    experimental psychology
  22. What is the term for the interaction between psychological factors and physical well-being and illness?
  23. What kind of psychology focuses on diagnosing and treating emotional problems?
    clinical psychology
  24. What kind of psychology focuses on CNS disorders, trauma, and dementia?
  25. What kind of psychology interacts with the legal system involving competency, custody, and risk assessment?
    forensic psychology
  26. What kind of psychology focuses on enhancing school performance and resolving emotional problems, curriculum, and teacher training?
    counseling psychology
  27. What kind of psychology focuses on staffing human service departments in businesses on issues of moral, job satisfaction, and productivity issues?
    industrial/organizational psychology
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Psych 111 Chapter One
2013-09-28 19:30:10
Psych 111

Questions from Chapter 1 for Psych 111
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