Psych 111 Chapter One
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. What would you like to do?
the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior
Who established the first psychological laboratory in Leipzig, Germany and helped us realize that we must understand where we came from in order to understand where we are now?
a person's subjective experience of the world and the mind
relationships between the basic elements that constitute the mind (conscious experiences of sensations and feelings, relied on introspection)
Who built on the principles of introspection and the study of conscious experiences, but instead focused on the why and the adaptive reasons for what and how we perceive things in the real world?
the study of the function or purpose conscious mental processes serve in enabling people to adapt to their environment
What perspective identified the role of unconscious forces that determine thoughts, feelings, and behavior and theorized that personality is dependent on early life experiences?
Also, drives and motivations conflict leading to compromises, and focuses on sexual and aggressive impulses
What perspective stresses the positive potential of all humans, believes in free will, and posits an inherent drive to develop and reach full potential?
What perspective focus on observable behavioral responses and emphasizes the environmental impact on a person's actions?
What kind of conditioning (Pavlov, Watson) is characterized by associative learning pairing stimuli and response?
What kind of conditioning is characterized by the exploration of reinforcement and punishment as determinants of behavior?
What theory states that behavior is influenced by the observation of others?
Social Learning Theory
What perspective reintroduced how one thinks affects behavior and responses, studies the mental processes involved in knowing, and explores how one understands and then thinks about solving problems?
Also, focus is on storage and retrieval of information
What perspective focuses on understanding the mind and behavior through biological processes in the brain (different parts of the brain are active during different stimuli)?
Also, explores the electrical and chemical processes of neurons affecting mood, perception, cognition, and behavior
biological/biopsychological perspective and cognitive neuroscience
What kind of psychology understands mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive selection of traits and functions over time?
Also, seeks to understand a variety of research findings within this theoretical framework
What kind of psychology explores universal aspects of physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional development across the lifespan?
Also, identifies variations in development across experiences (what variations are more/less adaptive)
What kind of psychology focuses on the study of individual and group behaviors and responses across situations?
Also studies altruism and bystander behavior
What kind of psychology identifies and explores the role of culture on the psychological processes of its members?
What term defines, describes, and measures the stability of behaviors and personality traits over time?
What kind of psychology looks at the measurement of behavior through the development of psychological tests?
What kind of psychology conducts lab studies of learning, motivation, emotion, sensation and perception, physiology, and cognition (difference between sensation and perception)?
What is the term for the interaction between psychological factors and physical well-being and illness?
What kind of psychology focuses on diagnosing and treating emotional problems?
What kind of psychology focuses on CNS disorders, trauma, and dementia?
What kind of psychology interacts with the legal system involving competency, custody, and risk assessment?
What kind of psychology focuses on enhancing school performance and resolving emotional problems, curriculum, and teacher training?
What kind of psychology focuses on staffing human service departments in businesses on issues of moral, job satisfaction, and productivity issues?
What would you like to do?
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