NRS UNIT ONE EXAM VITALS

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claire_0068
ID:
237444
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NRS UNIT ONE EXAM VITALS
Updated:
2013-09-28 00:27:24
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NRS UNIT ONE EXAM VITALS
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NRS UNIT ONE EXAM VITALS
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  1. WHAT IS THE NORMAL RANGE FOR TEMP.
    96.8-100.4 F
  2. AVERAGE TEMP RANGES FOR  TEMP:
    ORAL/TYMPANIC
    RECTAL
    AXILLARY
    • ORAL/TYM:98.6
    • RECTAL: 99.5
    • AXILLARY:97.7
  3. NORMAL LIMITS FOR:
    RESPIRS.
    PULSE:
    • 12 TO 20
    • 60 TO 100
  4. average BP
    less than 120/80
  5. advantages/disadvantages of temp:
    oral
    tympanic
    oral: easily accessible/causes delay if pt. has had hot or cold fluids.

    tympanic: easy site, obtained by without  disturbing, accurate reading cuz closest to the hypothalamus, very fast/requires removal of hearing aide
  6. advantages/disadvantages of temp:
    rectal
    axillary
    temporal
    rectal: considered more reliable when oral not available/ lags behind core temp. not for pt.s with diarrhea, requires position change,

    axillary: safe, used for newborns and unconscious pts/ long measurement, underestimates,  

    temporal: easy access, very fast, no risk, comfortable,reflects rapid change, /inaccurate with sweat on forehead
  7. 3 ways heat is lost?
    • radiation
    • convection
    • evaporation
    • conduction
  8. what 6 factors affect body temp?
    • age
    • diurnal variations (circadian rhythm)
    • environment
    • excercise
    • hormones
    • stress
  9. what is pyrexia?
    fever
  10. what is hypothermia, hyperthermia?
    • hypo:heat lost from prolonged exposure to cold
    • high temp from body not able to promote heat loss

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