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inability to recognize familiar objects with one form of sense
inability to initiate movement
disturbance to language that results in errors in word choice, comprehension, or syntax.
what are the three types of aphasia?
- Expressive/Broca's: .
- severe verbal impairment with expression, also with object naming, and writing. seen with right hemiplegia.
- most common form with reduced speech, comprehension, recognition, and writing.
- severe auditory comprehension disturbance. reading, writing, and word recognition impaired.
inability to perform movements previously learned even though there is no loss of strength, coordination, sensation, or comprehension.
Name the two types of apraxia.
- person doesn't have the "idea" of how to do a routine task. (ie brushing teeth)
- person can't do a task on command but can do it spontaneously.
Inability to recognize objects by touch alone.
inability to move muscles together in a coordinated manner.
uncoordinated movement, especially with gait.
slow, involuntary, worm like, twisting motions. Seen with Cerebral Palsy
rapid, involuntary jerky movement. seen with Huntington's chorea
contraction of the extensor muscles of the upper & lower extremities because of an injury at the level of the brain stem.
contraction of the flexor muscles of the upper extremities with contraction of the extensor muscles of the lower extremities
inability to judge distances.
Dysmetria: seen with cerebellar dysfunction
lack of awareness of the relationship of one's own body parts
visual deficit of either right or left halves of both eyes secondary to damage to contralateral optic tract.
visual deficits of outside halves of both eyes secondary to optic chasm injury. aka tunnel vision
blindness in one eye secondary to optic nerve damage