Neuro vocab

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BELISA78
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23749
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Neuro vocab
Updated:
2010-06-15 23:51:53
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neurology vocab neuro physical therapy
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neuro physical therapy vocab
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  1. inability to recognize familiar objects with one form of sense
    Agnosia
  2. inability to initiate movement
    Akinesia
  3. disturbance to language that results in errors in word choice, comprehension, or syntax.
    Aphasia
  4. what are the three types of aphasia?
    • Expressive/Broca's: .
    • severe verbal impairment with expression, also with object naming, and writing. seen with right hemiplegia.

    • Global:
    • most common form with reduced speech, comprehension, recognition, and writing.

    • Receptive/Wernicke's:
    • severe auditory comprehension disturbance. reading, writing, and word recognition impaired.
  5. inability to perform movements previously learned even though there is no loss of strength, coordination, sensation, or comprehension.
    Apraxia
  6. Name the two types of apraxia.
    • Ideational:
    • person doesn't have the "idea" of how to do a routine task. (ie brushing teeth)

    • Ideomotor:
    • person can't do a task on command but can do it spontaneously.
  7. Inability to recognize objects by touch alone.
    Astereognosis
  8. inability to move muscles together in a coordinated manner.
    Asynergia
  9. uncoordinated movement, especially with gait.
    Ataxia
  10. slow, involuntary, worm like, twisting motions. Seen with Cerebral Palsy
    Athetosis
  11. rapid, involuntary jerky movement. seen with Huntington's chorea
    Chorea
  12. contraction of the extensor muscles of the upper & lower extremities because of an injury at the level of the brain stem.
    Decerebrate rigidity
  13. contraction of the flexor muscles of the upper extremities with contraction of the extensor muscles of the lower extremities
    Decorticate rigidity
  14. inability to judge distances.
    Dysmetria: seen with cerebellar dysfunction
  15. lack of awareness of the relationship of one's own body parts
    Somatoagnosia
  16. visual deficit of either right or left halves of both eyes secondary to damage to contralateral optic tract.
    homonymous hemianopsia
  17. visual deficits of outside halves of both eyes secondary to optic chasm injury. aka tunnel vision
    Bitemporal hemianopsia
  18. blindness in one eye secondary to optic nerve damage
    Monocular blindness

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