Neurotransmitters and their Functions

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Author:
chanchan27104
ID:
237524
Filename:
Neurotransmitters and their Functions
Updated:
2013-09-28 14:29:49
Tags:
psychology
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Description:
neurotransmitters
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  1. Acetylcholine (ACh)
    • enables muscle action, learning, and memory
    • With Alzheimer's disease, ACh-producing neurons deteriorate
  2. Dopamine
    • Influences movement, learning, attention, and emotion
    • Excessed dopamine receptor activity is linked to schizophrenia
    • Starved of dopamine, the brain produces tremors and decreased mobility of Parkinson's disease
  3. Serotonin
    • Affects mood, hunger, sleep, and arousal
    • Undersupply linked to depression
    • Prozac and some other antidepressant drugs raise serotonin levels
  4. GABA
    • Amajor inhibitory neurotransmitter
    • Undersupply linked to seizures, tremors, and insomnia
  5. Glutamate
    • A major excitatory neurotransmitter; involved in memory
    • Oversupply can overstimulate brain, producing migraines and seizures
  6. Melatonin
    Influences sleep

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