Psych 111 Chapter Five

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hchristensen
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237531
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Psych 111 Chapter Five
Updated:
2013-09-28 15:29:04
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Psych 111
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Questions from Psych 111 Chapter Five
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  1. What is the term for the awareness of internal and external stimuli?
    consciousness
  2. What is the term for questioning whether we can be aware of things and have them still have an impact?
    subliminal perception
  3. What are the three levels of consciousness?
    • conscious
    • preconscious
    • unconscious
  4. What is the term for the sleep cycle that everyone has? (varies from person to person)
    Circadian cycle
  5. What stage of sleep in characterized by light sleep, small irregular brain waves, and relaxed muscles?
    Stage 1
  6. What stage of sleep is characterized by high peaking waves, sleep spindles, and bursts of electrical activity?
    Stage 2
  7. What stage of sleep is characterized by deep sleep, delta waves, and slow with high peaks?
    Stage 3
  8. What stage of sleep is characterized by progressively more delta waves (deep sleep)?
    Stage 4
  9. What is the term for the changing biological clock which leads to adolescents preferring to stay up late/sleep later?
    delayed phase preference
  10. What sleep disorder is characterized by a lack of breath while sleeping, which disrupts sleep patterns?
    sleep apnea
  11. What sleep disorder is characterized by falling asleep suddenly or sleep attacks, which can occur at any time, and last a few seconds or up to 30 minutes?
    narcolepsy
  12. What kind of insomnia lasts only a few nights, often due to anxiety or excitement?
    transient insomnia
  13. What kind of insomnia involves poor sleeping for 2-3 weeks caused by ongoing stressors as well as medical problems?
    short-term insomnia
  14. What kind of insomnia is caused by underlying medical or behavioral issues, and does have a genetic component?
    chronic insomnia
  15. What sleep disorder causes people, usually children, to take nocturnal trips they don't remember but can navigate quite well?
    sleepwalking
  16. What sleep disorder involves someone having a conversation while they're asleep?
    sleep talking
  17. What sleep disorder is sudden awakening with physical behavior associated with intense fear?
    sleep terror
  18. What sleep disorder is characterized by people acting out their dreams?
    REM movement disorder
  19. What is the term that describes the surface level of the dream?
    manifest content
  20. What is the term that describes the hidden meaning, wishes, fears, or impulses trying to be expressed in dreams?
    latent content
  21. What is the theory that states that dreams are produced as people try to make sense of the random neural activity that occurs during sleep?
    activation-synthesis model
  22. What is the term for a systematic procedure that typically produces a heightened sense of susceptibility?
    hypnosis
  23. What is the term for a substance that affects perception, mood, thinking, memory, or behavior by changing the body's chemistry?
    psychoactive drug
  24. What is the term that describes the progressive decrease in a person's responsiveness to a drug?
    tolerance
  25. What is the term that describes when a person must continue to take a drug to satisfy emotional cravings?
    psychological dependence
  26. What is the term that describes when a person must continue to take drugs to avoid withdrawal illness?
    physical dependence
  27. What kind of drugs speed up activity in the CNS and cause heightened arousal and activity levels?
    stimulants
  28. What kind of drugs mimic endorphins, increase pleasure, and decrease pain?
    opiates/narcotics
  29. What kind of drugs slow down CNS activity, induce sleep, and decrease activity?
    depressants/sedatives
  30. What kind of drugs alter perceptions and distort sensory experiences?
    hallucinogens/psychodelics

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