The Brain

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  1. What does cortex mean?
    Surface; often used to refer to cerebral cortex
  2. What does the term 'cerebrum' encompass?
    Both hemispheres, plus subcortical
  3. The hindbrain & midbrain =
    Brain Stem
  4. Limbic & Cerebrum =
  5. What does limbic mean?
  6. What controls motor activity?
  7. What is the function of the brain stem?
    Essential automatic functions; breathing, sleeping, moving
  8. What system is responsible for the hairs on your arm standing up?
  9. What type of memory is associated with the amygdala?
    Implicit and body memory
  10. What part of the brain is essentially a smoke detector?
  11. What type of memory is associated with the hippocampus?
  12. Without the ____, you wouldn't remember what you had for lunch yesterday.
  13. Parkinson's is due to problems with ______?
    The basal ganglia
  14. What part of the brain is concerned with keeping you safe?
    Basal ganglia
  15. OCD, hoarding, excessive hand washing are attributed to this brian structure:
    Basal ganglia
  16. The cerebral cortex is made up of 4 lobes. Name them
    Frontal, Temporal, Occipital, Parietal
  17. Which lobe is involved with the planning of movements, recent memory and some aspects of emotions?
    Frontal lobe
  18. Which lobe is involved with body sensations?
    Parietal lobe
  19. Which lobe is involved with hearing and advanced visual processing?
    Temporal lobe
  20. Which lobe is involved with vision?
    Occipital lobe
  21. Which hemisphere is involvedwith language, verbal and cognitive processes?
  22. Which hemisphere is non-verbal and associated with perceiving the world, visual-spatial and emotional behavior?
  23. Which portion of the brain contains 80% of all neurons?
    Cerebral Cortex
  24. What is the function of the prefrontal cortex?
    Orchestration of thoughts and actions in accordance with internal goals
  25. It is the job of the ______ to put a damper on signals that come from the amygdala.
    Prefrontal cortex
  26. What part of the brain is the "affective core"?
    Right orbitofrontal cortex
  27. What part of the brain is involved with social adjustment and the control of mood, drive and responsibility, traits that are crucial in defining the "personality" of an individual?
    Right orbitofrontal cortex
  28. What brain structure shuts down signals from the amygdala?
    Right orbitofrontal cortex
  29. What brain structure is involved with war vets "shutting down"?
    Right orbitofrontal cortex
  30. The glands of what system produce hormones?
  31. What does HPA axis stand for?
    Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis
  32. What are the structures of the HPA Axis?
    Hypothalamus, pituitary glands and adrenal glands
  33. What happens when the HPA Axis senses stress?
    • Pituitary signals the adrenal gland to release epinephrine (adrenaline)
    • and cortisol
  34. The adrenal glad releases these chemicals when stressed:
    Epinephrine (adrenaline) and cortisol
  35. What signals the adrenal gland to release epinephrine and cortisol?
    the Pituitary Gland
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The Brain
2010-06-18 04:12:02

The Brain
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