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psycho96liz
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23764
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shared cards
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2010-06-30 00:24:30
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eppp study guide
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  1. A dog barks whenever the exterminator comes into the apartment. The dog's master attempts to control the dog's reaction by talking nicely to it, soothing it with strokes and petting, etc. in the presence of the exterminator. This type of treatment is termed:
    A) abreaction
    B) reciprocal inhibition
    C) avoidance conditioning
    D) covert sensitization
    B) reciprocal inhibition
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Job analysis refers to the process of
    A) determining the specific skills and behaviors that are required for doing a given job effectively
    B) determining the job aptitudes of incumbents which distinguish successful from unsuccessful people
    C) screening job applicants for a given job based upon the results of a job-related assessment measure
    D) presenting the job equities and inequities to the job applicants
    A) determining the specific skills and behaviors that are required for doing a given job effectively
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Item analysis is a procedure to evaluate the
    A) extent to which individual test items discriminate the same way as the overall test
    B) intercorrelations of test items
    C) factor structure of a test
    D) reliability of the test
    A) extent to which individual test items discriminate the same way as the overall test
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The prognosis of schizophrenia is most favorable when
    A) the patient has no apparent anxiety
    B) the patient is in on-going psychotherapy
    C) a significant period of time has elapsed with no schizophrenic episodes
    D) the patient's family is engaged in coping-skills therapy
    D) the patient's family is engaged in coping-skills therapy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Moral realism is associated with the Piagetian stage of
    A) formal operations
    B) preoperations
    C) concrete operations
    D) sensorimotor
    B) preoperations
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The curative process in psychoanalysis is to successfully analyze the
    A) resistances and the transference neurosis
    B) unconscious drive derivatives
    C) mechanisms of defense
    D) unconscious drives
    A) resistances and the transference neurosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. A GRE score of 650 would correspond to a z-score of approximately
    A) 2.5
    B) 1.5
    C) 2.0
    D) none of the above
    B) 1.5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The reinforcement schedule in which scallops typically occur is
    A) fixed interval
    B) variable interval
    C) fixed ratio
    D) variable ratio
    A) fixed interval
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. A major evaluation study of a community-based rehabilitation program concluded that the success was greatest for the programs which served a large number of clients, had sufficient resources and used short-term therapy aimed at teaching skills and keeping the client active. This type of assessment can best be termed
    A) criterion evaluation
    B) formative evaluation
    C) summative evaluation
    D) predictive evaluation
    C) summative evaluation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The best predictor of positive treatment outcome is
    A) high subjective distress
    B) labile emotions
    C) low interpersonal conflict
    D) obsessive style
    A) high subjective distress
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The difference between Schizophrenia and Schizophreniform Disorder is
    A) essentially only length of duration of symptoms
    B) that schizophrenia requires evidence of earlier onset while schizophreniform disorder occurs after age 30
    C) that schizophreniform disorder is the term used in Britain while schizophrenia is the term used in the US
    D) that there are no hallucinations or delusions with schizophreniform disorder
    A) essentially only length of duration of symptoms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Mother's WAIS-R score and child's WISC-III IQ score
    A) are correlated approximately .50
    B) are correlated approximately .80
    C) are more highly correlated for daughters than for sons
    D) cannot be correlated since they are two different tests
    A) are correlated approximately .50
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The condition during pregnancy that would least likely affect the developing fetus is
    A) age of the mother at conception
    B) age of ovum at conception
    C) amount of alcohol consumed by mother during pregnancy
    D) mother's emotional state during pregnancy
    D) mother's emotional state during pregnancy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Most current research on leadership styles indicates that
    A) high consideration leads to higher productivity
    B) contingency styles are most appropriate
    C) facilitating leadership styles for group decision making is optimal
    D) laissez-faire leadership is best under high stress situations
    B) contingency styles are most appropriate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. In estimating the reliability of a test, if the coefficient alpha is low
    A) the sample used was limited in the ability assessed
    B) the test items have little in common
    C) the test was too long
    D) an alternative form measure would be more appropriate
    B) the test items have little in common
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which of the following are NOT normal development phenomena among infants and young children?
    A) avoidance anxiety
    B) stranger anxiety
    C) separation anxiety
    D) fear of animals
    A) avoidance anxiety
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. A behavioral explanation of a phobic personality would be
    A) response generalization and stimulus control
    B) stimulus generalization and attention
    C) stimulus discrimination and inherited preconditioning
    D) response differentiation and conditionability
    B) stimulus generalization and attention
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. For job selection purposes the type of test in a test battery which shows the highest differential validity among the tests is
    A) a test of general intelligence
    B) an aptitude test
    C) a test of psychomotor ability
    D) a personality test
    C) a test of psychomotor ability
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The Rationale Emotive Therapy paradigm assumes that maladaptive responses are based
    A) abnormally low feelings of self-efficacy
    B) too many 'musts' and 'shoulds' in the person's belief repertoire
    C) faulty causal attributions
    D) incongruence between the individual's ideal and phenomonological selves
    B) too many 'musts' and 'shoulds' in the person's belief repertoire
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. It has been found that abused children often cling to their abusive parents. This can be explained in behavioral terms as the effect of
    A) delayed conditioning
    B) spontaneous recovery
    C) intermittent reinforcement
    D) extinction
    C) intermittent reinforcement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. A test with a reliability of .50
    A) should not be used because of the large error variance
    B) should be re-standardized on another sample
    C) explains only 25% of the variance in test performance
    D) is useful as a preliminary screening test but will not be valid for future prediction
    A) should not be used because of the large error variance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A criticism of using multiple aptitude batteries for classification is that they lack a
    A) standardized subnorms
    B) content validity
    C) predictive validity
    D) differential validity
    D) differential validity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The use of assessment centers for the purpose of job selection would be most appropriate when selecting for
    A) managerial-level employees
    B) clerical employees
    C) secretarial employees
    D) line supervisors
    A) managerial-level employees
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Significant results in a 2-tailed test indicate that you can
    A) make no assumptions regarding how the two groups did
    B) conclude that the control group did better than the experimental group
    C) conclude that the two groups performed differently
    D) conclude that the experimental group did better than the control group
    C) conclude that the two groups performed differently
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The standard error of the mean is
    A) equal to the variance of the parent distribution
    B) larger as sample size increases
    C) smaller as sample size gets smaller
    D) smaller as the sample size increases
    D) smaller as the sample size increases
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. A psychologist assessed job behaviors for a job that would utilize a selection test. This type of resulting validity was to ensure
    A) construct validity
    B) concurrent validity
    C) predictive validity
    D) content validity
    D) content validity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The relationship between job satisfaction and job turnover is
    A) inverse
    B) close to zero
    C) positive
    D) negative
    A) inverse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Dreams, parapraxis, jokes, and psychotic regressions are all characterized by
    A) failure of repression
    B) secondary process thinking
    C) both failure of repression and secondary process thinking
    D) primary process thinking
    D) primary process thinking
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. It has been found that some normally involuntary responses can be modifed with operant conditioning. This finding has most significant implications for the treatment of
    A) tic disorders
    B) psychophysiological disorders
    C) sexual paraphilias
    D) kleptomania
    B) psychophysiological disorders
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. According to the fundamental attibution error, people have a tendency to overestimate the role of dispositional factors as opposedd to situation factors when explaining the behavior of others. Research in this area has shown
    A) the fundamental attribution error was an artifact of retrospective reporting
    B) the fundamental attribution error is univerally found across cultural environments
    C) the fundamental attribution error is better understood as a special case of the self-serving bias
    D) there are cultures in which people tend to favor situational attributions for the behavior of others
    D) there are cultures in which people tend to favor situational attributions for the behavior of others
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following would be an example of consultee-centered consulation
    A) helping the ward nurse manage a delirious patient who is shouting obscenities
    B) helping the staff psychologist manage aggressive inpatients
    C) helping staff resolve problems with tardies and absenteeism
    D) helping the chief of psychiatry redesign the program for patients with dual diagnoses
    B) helping the staff psychologist manage aggressive inpatients
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following best describes primary prevention
    A) early identification of and early intervention with a disease
    B) reduction of handicapping associated with an illness
    C) reduction of an incidence of a disorder
    D) community wide education and encouragement for behavior change
  33. C) reduction of an incidence of a disorder
  34. It is thought that reinforcement plays a role in
    A) avoidance conditioning
    B) shaping
    C) chaining
    D) superstitious behavior
    D) superstitious behavior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Children whose parents are authoritative are likely to evidence what pattern in relating to their peers
    A) low responsiveness and high handedness
    B) high responsiveness and high handedness
    C) high responsiveness and low handedness
    D) low responsiveness and low handedness
    C) high responsiveness and low handedness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. A researcher develops a questionnaire intended to assess level of depression. When she calculates the reliablity of this questionnaire she obtains a coeffiecint of 0.65. What should she do about this instrument's reliability
    A) she should do nothing since .65 is acceptable
    B) she should make the items in the instrument more diverse in order to increase reliability
    C) she should use subjects who are more diverse in terms of their level of depression
    D) she should decrease the number of items in the instrument
  37. C) she should use subjects who are more diverse in terms of their level of depression
  38. Austic individuals have been found to have smaller than normal what part of the brain?
    A) medulla
    B) amygdala
    C) cerebellum
    D) hippocampus
  39. C) cerebellum
  40. Which of the following is least true regarding the results of research concerning television viewing and children?
    A) Children in lower socioeconomic status families watch more television than children in higher SES families.
    B) Children cannot distinguish between television programming and commercils until they are at least five years of age.
    C) Children can learn positive behavior from television as well as negative behavior.
    D) There is a clear positive correlation between watching violent television content and violent behavior.
    B) Children cannot distinguish between television programming and commercals until they are at least five years of age.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. To conclude that a difference exists in the population when in fact it does not is an example of
    A) low statistical power
    B) Accepting the null hypothesis
    C) Type II error
    D) Type I error
    D) Type I error
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. In which situation would you least likely use a chi-square test? When you were analyzing the
    A) percentage of subjects who have continued or who have discontinued bulimic eating behaviors following an intensive treatent program compared to their pre-treatment baseline behaviors.
    B) frequency of passing an entrance exam for police cadet training among a group of men and women by ethnicity
    C) proportion of adult men and women voters in the country who describe themselves as conservative, moderate, or liberal
    D) number of high-school seniors who admitted to having substance abuse problems versus the number of college students who admitted to having substance abuse problems
    A) percentage of subjects who have continued or who have discontinued bulimic eating behaviors following an intensive treatent program compared to their pre-treatment baseline behaviors.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. A t-score of 70 is equivalent to
    A) the 70th percentile
    B) the 98th percentile
    C) 1 standard deviation above the mean
    D) 2 standard deviations above the mean
    B) the 98th percentile
  44. The mother of a newborn infant awakens when she hears the faintest cry of her child but is able to sleep through an earthquake that measures 4.5 on the Richter scale. This phenomenon can be attributed to the activity of the
    A) hypothalamus
    B) SCN
    C) hippocampus
    D) RAS
    D) RAS
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. The following neurotransmitter system is involved in Alzheimer's disease
    A) cholinergic
    B) catecholaminergic
    C) dopaminergic
    D) serotonergic
    A) cholinergic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. A psychologist places the following ad in the newspaper: "Guaranteed solutions to your problems. Call Dr. X, licensed psychologist, 800-555-1212. Credit cards accepted, sliding scale. You'll feel better after you talk it out." Which of the following is true about this ad?

    A) The ad appears to be ethically acceptable
    B) The ad is unethical because the first sentence is misleading
    C) The ad is unethical because the first and last sentences are misleading
    D) The ad is unethical because the first and last sentences, we well as the phrase "licensed psychologist" is misleading
  47. C) The ad is unethical because the first and last sentences are misleading
  48. Dreams are typically remembered if the individual is awoken
    A) every 90-100 minutes as you cycle through the stages of sleep
    B) during REM sleep
    C) just prior to REM sleep
    D) immediately after REM sleep
    B) during REM sleep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Anomia means a patient is
    A) unable to comprehend spoken language.
    B) unable to name familiar objects.
    C) unable to form coherent sentences.
    D) malingering to appear mute for disability purposes.
    B) unable to name familiar objects.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Anticholinergic side effects of antipsychotics are best described by which of the following effects?
    A) A & C
    B) Dry mouth, delayed ejaculation
    C) slowed metabolism, low body temperature
    D) A & B
    E) Blurred vision, unrinary retention
    A) A & C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. If a person presents you with an argument for a particular position and then retracts it, you will likely
    A) agree with that position
    B) view the person as indecisive
    C) be more resistant to persuasion towards that position in the future
    D) view yourself as intimidating
    C) be more resistant to persuasion towards that position in the future
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. To extinguish a classically conditioned response you would
    A) administer punishment along with reinforcement
    B) omit the US
    C) withhold reward
    D) omit the CS
    B) omit the US
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Functional amnesia is characterized by
    A) deficits in semantic memory
    B) amnesia for autobiographical information
    C) retrograde amnesia
    D) deficits in procedural memory
    B) amnesia for autobiographical information
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. A child constantly argues with authority figures, loses his temper easily, breaks rules both at home and in school, and occasionally gets into physical fights. The most accurate diagnosis would be
    A) oppositional defiant disorder
    B) conduct disorder
    C) pervasive developmental disorder
    D) attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    A) oppositional defiant disorder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. ccording to research on psychotherapy outcome, the percentage of clients who benefit from therapy has been placed at
    A) 50%
    B) 90%
    C) 75%
    D) 25%
    C) 75%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Which of the following brain structures is most responsible for attaching emotions to memories?
    A) amygdala
    B) hippocampus
    C) cerebellum
    D) thalamus
    A) amygdala
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. Hypothyroidism is characterized by
    A) generalized anxiety without cognitive impairment
    B) depression with cognitive impairment
    C) depression without cognitive impairment
    D) generalized anxiety with cognitive impairment
    B) depression with cognitive impairment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Alpha waves are characteristic of
    A) REM sleep
    B) stage 4 sleep
    C) alertness
    D) relaxed wakefulness
    D) relaxed wakefulness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Apraxia is an ability
    A) to carry out purposeful complex movements
    B) to maintain focused attention
    C) to comprehend speech
    D) to maintain an erect posture
    A) to carry out purposeful complex movements
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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