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  1. A dog barks whenever the exterminator comes into the apartment. The dog's master attempts to control the dog's reaction by talking nicely to it, soothing it with strokes and petting, etc. in the presence of the exterminator. This type of treatment is termed:
    A) abreaction
    B) reciprocal inhibition
    C) covert sensitization
    D) avoidance conditioning
    B) reciprocal inhibition
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Job analysis refers to the process of
    A) presenting the job equities and inequities to the job applicants
    B) determining the job aptitudes of incumbents which distinguish successful from unsuccessful people
    C) screening job applicants for a given job based upon the results of a job-related assessment measure
    D) determining the specific skills and behaviors that are required for doing a given job effectively
    D) determining the specific skills and behaviors that are required for doing a given job effectively
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Item analysis is a procedure to evaluate the
    A) extent to which individual test items discriminate the same way as the overall test
    B) factor structure of a test
    C) intercorrelations of test items
    D) reliability of the test
    A) extent to which individual test items discriminate the same way as the overall test
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The prognosis of schizophrenia is most favorable when
    A) the patient has no apparent anxiety
    B) the patient's family is engaged in coping-skills therapy
    C) the patient is in on-going psychotherapy
    D) a significant period of time has elapsed with no schizophrenic episodes
    B) the patient's family is engaged in coping-skills therapy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Moral realism is associated with the Piagetian stage of
    A) formal operations
    B) preoperations
    C) concrete operations
    D) sensorimotor
    B) preoperations
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The curative process in psychoanalysis is to successfully analyze the
    A) mechanisms of defense
    B) unconscious drive derivatives
    C) resistances and the transference neurosis
    D) unconscious drives
    C) resistances and the transference neurosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. A GRE score of 650 would correspond to a z-score of approximately
    A) 2.5
    B) 1.5
    C) 2.0
    D) none of the above
    B) 1.5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The reinforcement schedule in which scallops typically occur is
    A) variable interval
    B) fixed ratio
    C) variable ratio
    D) fixed interval
    D) fixed interval
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. A major evaluation study of a community-based rehabilitation program concluded that the success was greatest for the programs which served a large number of clients, had sufficient resources and used short-term therapy aimed at teaching skills and keeping the client active. This type of assessment can best be termed
    A) predictive evaluation
    B) summative evaluation
    C) criterion evaluation
    D) formative evaluation
    B) summative evaluation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The best predictor of positive treatment outcome is
    A) low interpersonal conflict
    B) high subjective distress
    C) labile emotions
    D) obsessive style
    B) high subjective distress
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The difference between Schizophrenia and Schizophreniform Disorder is
    A) that there are no hallucinations or delusions with schizophreniform disorder
    B) essentially only length of duration of symptoms
    C) that schizophrenia requires evidence of earlier onset while schizophreniform disorder occurs after age 30
    D) that schizophreniform disorder is the term used in Britain while schizophrenia is the term used in the US
    B) essentially only length of duration of symptoms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Mother's WAIS-R score and child's WISC-III IQ score
    A) are correlated approximately .50
    B) cannot be correlated since they are two different tests
    C) are more highly correlated for daughters than for sons
    D) are correlated approximately .80
    A) are correlated approximately .50
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The condition during pregnancy that would least likely affect the developing fetus is
    A) mother's emotional state during pregnancy
    B) age of ovum at conception
    C) amount of alcohol consumed by mother during pregnancy
    D) age of the mother at conception
    A) mother's emotional state during pregnancy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Most current research on leadership styles indicates that
    A) laissez-faire leadership is best under high stress situations
    B) high consideration leads to higher productivity
    C) facilitating leadership styles for group decision making is optimal
    D) contingency styles are most appropriate
    D) contingency styles are most appropriate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. In estimating the reliability of a test, if the coefficient alpha is low
    A) the test was too long
    B) the sample used was limited in the ability assessed
    C) the test items have little in common
    D) an alternative form measure would be more appropriate
    C) the test items have little in common
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which of the following are NOT normal development phenomena among infants and young children?
    A) fear of animals
    B) stranger anxiety
    C) separation anxiety
    D) avoidance anxiety
    D) avoidance anxiety
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. A behavioral explanation of a phobic personality would be
    A) response differentiation and conditionability
    B) response generalization and stimulus control
    C) stimulus generalization and attention
    D) stimulus discrimination and inherited preconditioning
    C) stimulus generalization and attention
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. For job selection purposes the type of test in a test battery which shows the highest differential validity among the tests is
    A) an aptitude test
    B) a test of psychomotor ability
    C) a personality test
    D) a test of general intelligence
    B) a test of psychomotor ability
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The Rationale Emotive Therapy paradigm assumes that maladaptive responses are based
    A) too many 'musts' and 'shoulds' in the person's belief repertoire
    B) abnormally low feelings of self-efficacy
    C) faulty causal attributions
    D) incongruence between the individual's ideal and phenomonological selves
    A) too many 'musts' and 'shoulds' in the person's belief repertoire
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. It has been found that abused children often cling to their abusive parents. This can be explained in behavioral terms as the effect of
    A) spontaneous recovery
    B) intermittent reinforcement
    C) extinction
    D) delayed conditioning
    B) intermittent reinforcement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. A test with a reliability of .50
    A) is useful as a preliminary screening test but will not be valid for future prediction
    B) should not be used because of the large error variance
    C) explains only 25% of the variance in test performance
    D) should be re-standardized on another sample
    B) should not be used because of the large error variance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A criticism of using multiple aptitude batteries for classification is that they lack a
    A) differential validity
    B) predictive validity
    C) content validity
    D) standardized subnorms
    A) differential validity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The use of assessment centers for the purpose of job selection would be most appropriate when selecting for
    A) managerial-level employees
    B) clerical employees
    C) line supervisors
    D) secretarial employees
    A) managerial-level employees
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Significant results in a 2-tailed test indicate that you can
    A) conclude that the experimental group did better than the control group
    B) conclude that the control group did better than the experimental group
    C) make no assumptions regarding how the two groups did
    D) conclude that the two groups performed differently
    D) conclude that the two groups performed differently
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The standard error of the mean is
    A) equal to the variance of the parent distribution
    B) smaller as sample size gets smaller
    C) smaller as the sample size increases
    D) larger as sample size increases
    C) smaller as the sample size increases
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. A psychologist assessed job behaviors for a job that would utilize a selection test. This type of resulting validity was to ensure
    A) predictive validity
    B) concurrent validity
    C) content validity
    D) construct validity
    C) content validity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The relationship between job satisfaction and job turnover is
    A) positive
    B) negative
    C) close to zero
    D) inverse
    D) inverse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Dreams, parapraxis, jokes, and psychotic regressions are all characterized by
    A) failure of repression
    B) both failure of repression and secondary process thinking
    C) primary process thinking
    D) secondary process thinking
    C) primary process thinking
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. It has been found that some normally involuntary responses can be modifed with operant conditioning. This finding has most significant implications for the treatment of
    A) kleptomania
    B) psychophysiological disorders
    C) sexual paraphilias
    D) tic disorders
    B) psychophysiological disorders
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. According to the fundamental attibution error, people have a tendency to overestimate the role of dispositional factors as opposedd to situation factors when explaining the behavior of others. Research in this area has shown
    A) the fundamental attribution error is better understood as a special case of the self-serving bias
    B) the fundamental attribution error was an artifact of retrospective reporting
    C) there are cultures in which people tend to favor situational attributions for the behavior of others
    D) the fundamental attribution error is univerally found across cultural environments
    C) there are cultures in which people tend to favor situational attributions for the behavior of others
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following would be an example of consultee-centered consulation
    A) helping the chief of psychiatry redesign the program for patients with dual diagnoses
    B) helping the staff psychologist manage aggressive inpatients
    C) helping staff resolve problems with tardies and absenteeism
    D) helping the ward nurse manage a delirious patient who is shouting obscenities
    B) helping the staff psychologist manage aggressive inpatients
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following best describes primary prevention
    A) early identification of and early intervention with a disease
    B) reduction of handicapping associated with an illness
    C) reduction of an incidence of a disorder
    D) community wide education and encouragement for behavior change
  33. C) reduction of an incidence of a disorder
  34. It is thought that reinforcement plays a role in
    A) shaping
    B) superstitious behavior
    C) chaining
    D) avoidance conditioning
    B) superstitious behavior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Children whose parents are authoritative are likely to evidence what pattern in relating to their peers
    A) high responsiveness and high handedness
    B) low responsiveness and low handedness
    C) high responsiveness and low handedness
    D) low responsiveness and high handedness
    C) high responsiveness and low handedness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. A researcher develops a questionnaire intended to assess level of depression. When she calculates the reliablity of this questionnaire she obtains a coeffiecint of 0.65. What should she do about this instrument's reliability
    A) she should do nothing since .65 is acceptable
    B) she should make the items in the instrument more diverse in order to increase reliability
    C) she should use subjects who are more diverse in terms of their level of depression
    D) she should decrease the number of items in the instrument
  37. C) she should use subjects who are more diverse in terms of their level of depression
  38. Austic individuals have been found to have smaller than normal what part of the brain?
    A) medulla
    B) amygdala
    C) cerebellum
    D) hippocampus
  39. C) cerebellum
  40. Which of the following is least true regarding the results of research concerning television viewing and children?
    A) Children cannot distinguish between television programming and commercils until they are at least five years of age.
    B) There is a clear positive correlation between watching violent television content and violent behavior.
    C) Children can learn positive behavior from television as well as negative behavior.
    D) Children in lower socioeconomic status families watch more television than children in higher SES families.
    A) Children cannot distinguish between television programming and commercals until they are at least five years of age.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. To conclude that a difference exists in the population when in fact it does not is an example of
    A) Type II error
    B) low statistical power
    C) Accepting the null hypothesis
    D) Type I error
    D) Type I error
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. In which situation would you least likely use a chi-square test? When you were analyzing the
    A) percentage of subjects who have continued or who have discontinued bulimic eating behaviors following an intensive treatent program compared to their pre-treatment baseline behaviors.
    B) proportion of adult men and women voters in the country who describe themselves as conservative, moderate, or liberal
    C) frequency of passing an entrance exam for police cadet training among a group of men and women by ethnicity
    D) number of high-school seniors who admitted to having substance abuse problems versus the number of college students who admitted to having substance abuse problems
    A) percentage of subjects who have continued or who have discontinued bulimic eating behaviors following an intensive treatent program compared to their pre-treatment baseline behaviors.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. A t-score of 70 is equivalent to
    A) the 70th percentile
    B) the 98th percentile
    C) 1 standard deviation above the mean
    D) 2 standard deviations above the mean
    B) the 98th percentile
  44. The mother of a newborn infant awakens when she hears the faintest cry of her child but is able to sleep through an earthquake that measures 4.5 on the Richter scale. This phenomenon can be attributed to the activity of the
    A) hypothalamus
    B) hippocampus
    C) SCN
    D) RAS
    D) RAS
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. The following neurotransmitter system is involved in Alzheimer's disease
    A) catecholaminergic
    B) serotonergic
    C) dopaminergic
    D) cholinergic
    D) cholinergic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. A psychologist places the following ad in the newspaper: "Guaranteed solutions to your problems. Call Dr. X, licensed psychologist, 800-555-1212. Credit cards accepted, sliding scale. You'll feel better after you talk it out." Which of the following is true about this ad?

    A) The ad appears to be ethically acceptable
    B) The ad is unethical because the first sentence is misleading
    C) The ad is unethical because the first and last sentences are misleading
    D) The ad is unethical because the first and last sentences, we well as the phrase "licensed psychologist" is misleading
  47. C) The ad is unethical because the first and last sentences are misleading
  48. Dreams are typically remembered if the individual is awoken
    A) just prior to REM sleep
    B) immediately after REM sleep
    C) every 90-100 minutes as you cycle through the stages of sleep
    D) during REM sleep
    D) during REM sleep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Anomia means a patient is
    A) unable to comprehend spoken language.
    B) unable to name familiar objects.
    C) malingering to appear mute for disability purposes.
    D) unable to form coherent sentences.
    B) unable to name familiar objects.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Anticholinergic side effects of antipsychotics are best described by which of the following effects?
    A) slowed metabolism, low body temperature
    B) A & C
    C) Blurred vision, unrinary retention
    D) A & B
    E) Dry mouth, delayed ejaculation
    B) A & C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. If a person presents you with an argument for a particular position and then retracts it, you will likely
    A) view the person as indecisive
    B) be more resistant to persuasion towards that position in the future
    C) agree with that position
    D) view yourself as intimidating
    B) be more resistant to persuasion towards that position in the future
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. To extinguish a classically conditioned response you would
    A) omit the US
    B) administer punishment along with reinforcement
    C) withhold reward
    D) omit the CS
    A) omit the US
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Functional amnesia is characterized by
    A) amnesia for autobiographical information
    B) deficits in procedural memory
    C) deficits in semantic memory
    D) retrograde amnesia
    A) amnesia for autobiographical information
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. A child constantly argues with authority figures, loses his temper easily, breaks rules both at home and in school, and occasionally gets into physical fights. The most accurate diagnosis would be
    A) conduct disorder
    B) attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    C) oppositional defiant disorder
    D) pervasive developmental disorder
    C) oppositional defiant disorder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. ccording to research on psychotherapy outcome, the percentage of clients who benefit from therapy has been placed at
    A) 90%
    B) 50%
    C) 75%
    D) 25%
    C) 75%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Which of the following brain structures is most responsible for attaching emotions to memories?
    A) cerebellum
    B) amygdala
    C) hippocampus
    D) thalamus
    B) amygdala
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. Hypothyroidism is characterized by
    A) depression without cognitive impairment
    B) depression with cognitive impairment
    C) generalized anxiety with cognitive impairment
    D) generalized anxiety without cognitive impairment
    B) depression with cognitive impairment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Alpha waves are characteristic of
    A) REM sleep
    B) stage 4 sleep
    C) alertness
    D) relaxed wakefulness
    D) relaxed wakefulness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Apraxia is an ability
    A) to maintain an erect posture
    B) to comprehend speech
    C) to maintain focused attention
    D) to carry out purposeful complex movements
    D) to carry out purposeful complex movements
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Author:
psycho96liz
ID:
23764
Card Set:
shared cards
Updated:
2010-06-30 04:24:30
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eppp
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eppp study guide
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