American Society: Test 1
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American Society: Test 1
What are the 5 myths of american societal change?
social mobility has increased
religion has decreased
violence has increased
americans have become more alienated from their work
americans dont care for the needy like they used to
what has influenced american care for the needy?
more institutionalized social programs
more education about lower classes
easier to help than before
5 American society themes?
Greek roots of educational ideas?
knowledge can be divided into individual subjects
Athenian roots of educational ideas?
education is important to participate in a democracy
reformation roots of educational ideas?
church leaders pushed education, in order to understand Bible, one must be literate
The old deluder satan act
required towns with 50 families to hire a schoolteacher and towns with 100 families to build a school house
What were three elements of southern schools?
difficult for children to attend school
nonexistant for slaves
traveling tutors and boarding schools
education left to wealthy landowners
3 characteristics of universal elementary education?
focus on religion
poorly prepared teachers
What did the common school movement establish?
trend of education being available to all
who headed the common school movement?
What were three components of the common school movement?
tax payers finance education
schools organized by grade level
Normal school and when was first one established as a result of what?
est. 1839 as result of common school movement
What was the purpose of early higher education?
to train ministers and government leaders
What was required for early high education admission?
proficiency in greek and latin
What was the curriculum like for early colleges?
emphasized classics and liberal arts
no sciences/practical subjects taught
In Loco Parentis
for the best of children, state must have parental authority
When did women become formal participants in
higher education (approximately)?
mid 19th century
Implications of the Land Grant Act of 1890
provided funding for black
colleges offering studies in agricultural & mechanics
Elements of higher education after WWI
enrollment rose during the great depression
beginning in 1920s institutions had luxury of choice
led to SAT
diversity and discrimination remains an issue
Rise of the “Multiversity”
students begin to complain about
large classes and psychological distance between faculty and students
: media portrays campuses
What are three educational affects
three economic indicators
gross domestic product
2 types of price indexes
consumer price index: measures pace of inflation
producer price index: measure of prices at
How did capitalism influence the industrial revolution (5 ways)?
led to investing in factories
led to increased production &
higher demands for raw materials
led to world wide trade
led to new inventions/innovations
led to changes in transportation,
agriculture and communication
What freedoms are involved in the free market society?
freedom of competition within government guidelines
freedom of choice about where to live, what work to do
What are two components of a free market society?
profit/ownership (right to keep profits)
What are 4 large social changes since 1900?
Education became a huge social divider
lived longer, made more money
variation among family stage shrank
How is history a social construction?
bias in history
we see ourselves as at a pivotal moment
nostalgia mythologizes past
create our views concerning where we were and where we are going
rely on commonly shared American myths
consumerism exists and always has
america is an individualist cultutre
: americans joined public life
: Americans returned to private life
Americans worked on perfecting "selves", learned to restrain disruptive emotions and cultivate socially useful ones
Education and divergent thinking
uses of paperclip: as children grow up they become less creative
What is the importance of owning the means of production?
workers have nothing to sell but labor which leads to exploitation
Todays economic challenges concerning capitalism (2)
changing attitudes towards work:
decline of american manufacturing
What are the changing attitudes towards work?
increased education rearranges ideas about what to expect from life,
work should provide opportunity for self improvement
Explain the decline of American manufacturing
outsourcing jobs since 1980s
evolution of a new kind of company that does little to no manufacturing
Pros of capitalism (4)
Effectively coordinates market
Economy driven by consumers wants (consumer sovereignty)
Only sometimes ineffective b.c. of government interference
Cons of capitalism (6)
Poverty and inequality challenge fairness of capitalism
"it takes money to make money"
Capitalism wrongly assumes humans are rational economic maximizers
Assumes greater well-being is greater material consumption
: exploitation and alienation
Corporate welfare protects businesses from competition
Impacts on environment