EP's for B737-800

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EP's for B737-800
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  1. Preflight Serviceability Check of Cabin Crew Jump Seat
  2. 1 Pull down on each side of the seat belt/shoulder strap to
    • ensure both inertia reels retract.
    • 2 Check the harness for any cuts or fraying.
    • 3 Check the 2-point-clip releases the harness. Re-clip together.
    • 4 Ensure the jump seat retracts.
    • 5 Ensure harness is untangled and ready for use.
  3. Master Call Light Panel
  4. • Passenger to cabin crew calls (blue)
    • • Lavatory to cabin crew calls (amber)
    • • Crew to crew calls (pink).
  5. Preflight Serviceability Check of the Door
  6. Door Disarmed:
    • • Red warning strap horizontal above the viewing window
    • • Girt bar secure in door brackets. 
    • Needle in green 'GO' band.
  7. Operation of Door Exits
    • Pre-open Check
    • Prior to commencing door opening procedure in standard operations
    • crew will visually check the following:
    • • Sign: Seat belt sign off
    • • Slide: Door disarmed. Girt bar secure in door brackets, red warning
    • strap above viewing window
    • • Outside: No obstruction.

    • Open Door to Cracked Position
    • In standard operations cabin crew members will open the door to the
    • cracked position.
    • 1. Complete pre-open check.
    • 2. Grasp door operating handle with one hand.
    • 3. Grasp door assist handle with other hand.
    • 4. Rotate door operating handle slightly, in direction of arrow, and allow
    • the operating handle to rest before the viewing window.

    • Door in Cracked Position.
    • 5. Stand clear of door until ground crew/caterers open door fully.
    • 6. L1 may assist ground crew with opening L1 door if requested.
  8. B737 Slides
    • Single lane escape slides are fitted in a container on the base of
    • each door exit
    • • Emergency lights are located on each side and across the bottom of
    • slides. They automatically illuminate when slide inflates.


    Lights remain illuminated for 15-20 minutes.
  9. Arming Door
    • 1. Clip red warning strap across viewing window.
    • 2. Push down on door operating handle to ensure door closed.
    • 3. Remove girt bar from door brackets.
    • 4. Secure girt bar in floor brackets.
    • 5. Physically check both ends of girt bar secure in floor brackets.


    • Crosscheck for Armed Door
    • Crosscheck is a visual and physical check.
    • 1. Physically check red warning strap secure across viewing
    • window.
    • 2. Push down on door operating handle to ensure door closed.
    • 3. Check with hands both ends of girt bar secure in floor brackets.
    • 4. Verbally confirm "Doors armed and crosschecked."
    • 5. Wait at assigned door for doors armed call back.
  10. Disarming Door
    • 1. Remove girt bar from floor brackets.
    • 2. Place girt bar in door brackets.
    • 3. Physically check both ends of girt bar secure in door brackets.
    • 4. Clip red warning strap above viewing window.

    • Crosscheck for Disarmed Door
    • Crosscheck is a visual and physical check.
    • 1. Check with hands both ends of girt bar secure in door brackets.
    • 2. Physically check red warning strap secure above viewing
    • window.
    • 3. Verbally confirm "Doors disarmed and crosschecked."
    • 4. Wait at assigned door for doors disarmed call back.
  11. Slide Inflation
  12. 1. Slide will automatically inflate within five seconds when door is
    • opened in armed mode.
    • 2. When slide is deployed, a red manual inflation handle marked
    • 'PULL' will be visible.
    • 3. If slide does not inflate, pull manual inflation handle. The cable will
    • not detach from the slide.
    • Figure 0.12-10 - Manual Inflation Handle
    • Inflation Failure
    • If slide does not inflate after automatic and manual attempts, do not
    • use. Redirect passengers to another exit.
    • Deflation
    • If the slide inflates and subsequently deflates, redirect passengers
    • to another usable exit.
    • As a last resort, it may be used as an apron slide. Direct two
    • able-bodied passengers to:
    • 1. Climb down slide using as a rope if required.
    • 2. Hold slide taut with hand holds on sides of slide while
    • remaining passengers exit one at a time.
  13. Off Wing Evacuation
  14. determined by the attitude of the aircraft.
    • If aircraft is in a:
    • • Nose down attitude: Evacuate off leading edge
    • • Normal attitude: Flaps will be extended, sit on rear of wing and
    • slide to ground
    • • Ditching: Evacuate and deploy rafts off leading edge. Trailing edge
    • flaps could sustain heavy damage or detach on impact.
  15. Operation of Overwing Exit
    • From Inside
    • 1. Check outside conditions.
    • 2. Pull handle down and inward.
    • 3. Release handle.
    • 4. Door opens out and up automatically.

    • From Outside
    • 1. Observe warning placard on outside of overwing exit before
    • operating.
    • 2. Push in panel.
    • 3. Stand clear of exit.
    • 4. Door opens out and up automatically.
  16. Duration of Emergency Lighting
  17. 20-30 minutes.
  18. RESCU 406 (SE) ELT
    Features

    • • Four position switch with the following modes:
    • - ARM: ELT transmission will commence on immersion in
    • water. Engineers will install ELT in the armed mode
    • - XMT: Used for manual activation of ELT transmission
    • - OFF: Deactivates ELT transmission
    • - TEST: Engineering function only
    • • Manual activation on land using switch; there is no requirement
    • to insert ELT into liquid
    • • Strobe light at base of antenna confirms ELT transmitting
    • • Operates in fresh or salt water.
  19. Operation of RESC 406 (SE)
    • 1. Remove from brackets.
    • 2. Once on board the raft unroll free end of lanyard at top of ELT.
    • 3. Tie lanyard to raft.
    • 4. Confirm switch is in 'ARM' position.
    • 5. Place ELT in water.
    • 6. Confirm ELT is activated by observing the white light at base of
    • antenna, which will flash after approximately 10 seconds.
    • 7. Antenna will automatically erect after approximately 5 minutes.

    • Land Evacuation
    • 1. Remove from brackets.
    • 2. Position ELT in area clear of obstructions at highest point for
    • best transmission.
    • 3. Rotate switch anti-clockwise to 'XMT' position (through the
    • 'OFF' position).
    • 4. Break tape securing antenna, with hand over antenna.
    • 5. Allow antenna to erect. 

    Duration

    • • Minimum 24 hours on highest frequency (406
    • MHz)
    • • Minimum 50 hours on lower frequencies (121.5
    • MHz, 243 MHz).

    • Precautions
    • • After evacuation, if survivors are together, activate one ELT
    • immediately
    • • Second ELT must be activated 24 hours later, as the first ELT will
    • have ceased transmission on 406 MHz
    • • The flashing light should not be used to indicate when to activate
    • the second ELT as it will continue to transmit on the lower
    • frequencies until the battery exhausts.

    • After Use
    • After rescue rotate switch to 'OFF' position.
  20. RESCU 406 (S) ELT
    • Features
    • • Plastic bag and salt sachet for land activation
    • • Mercury tilt switch for deactivation.

    • Operation
    • Ditching
    • 1. Remove from brackets.
    • 2. Once on board the raft unroll free end of lanyard at top of ELT.
    • 3. Tie lanyard to raft.
    • 4. Place ELT in water.
    • 5. Antenna will automatically erect after approximately 5 minutes.

    • Land Evacuation
    • 1. Remove from brackets.
    • 2. Position ELT in area clear of obstructions at highest point for
    • best transmission.
    • 3. Break the tape securing the antenna, with hand over antenna.
    • 4. Allow antenna to erect.
    • 5. Break tape securing lanyard and pull clear of ELT.
    • 6. Unroll plastic bag under lanyard.
    • 7. Insert lower part of the ELT into plastic bag.
    • 8. Pour in liquid with salt sachet (or urine) to fill line on bag.
    • 9. Prop ELT upright so liquid does not spill.
    • 10. Regularly shake liquid. 

    • Duration Maximum: Approximately 48 hours
    • Precautions
    • • There is no visual or aural indication that ELT is operating, therefore
    • it is recommended that all RESCU 406 (S) ELTs are activated at
    • same time. This will not cause significant interference
    • • Transmission ceases when ELT is tilted more than 60° from vertical.

    • After Use
    • After rescue place ELT in inverted position with arrow facing downwards
  21. Fire Extinguisher
    • Fire extinguishers which contain BCF/Halon are designed to extinguish
    • all fires, including electrical fires.
    • BCF/Halon is a colourless, odourless, liquified gas.

    • Fire Extinguisher
    • Preflight Check
    • • Correct number and location
    • • Safety pin in position and secured with red plastic tie
    • • Needle in green band of pressure guage
    • • Secure in brackets.

    • Operation
    • 1. Remove extinguisher from stowage bracket.
    • 2. Remove safety pin and red plastic tie.
    • 3. Test: Hold upright, with fingers under the handle, squeeze lever
    • downward with thumb.
    • 4. Aim nozzle at base of flames and, with fingers under the handle,
    • squeeze lever downward with thumb.
    • 5. Use sweeping motion.

    • Duration
    • Approximately 10 seconds.
  22. Fire extinguisher precautions
    • Precautions
    • • Use extinguisher 1-2 m away from fire where possible
    • • Never hold extinguisher at an angle greater than 60° (from vertical)
    • • Use of Protective Breathing Equipment is recommended,
    • particularly in confined spaces or if fumes or heavy smoke present
    • • BCF/Halon extinguishant is not a cooling agent. After fighting a
    • non-electrical fire, always dampen and cool area with water
    • • Ensure nozzle points towards fire
    • • Initial discharge may cause paper or fabric fires to scatter
    • • Initial discharge may cause flare up when extinguishant contacts fire
    • • Content of BCF/Halon can have toxic side effects.

    • After Use
    • 1. Replace safety pin and re-stow in brackets.
    • 2. Cabin Supervisor will advise captain how many extinguishers are
    • used and their location. Captain will record in Maintenance Log
  23. Duration of life jacket light
    • Light illuminated by water operated battery. Once activated, the light
    • cannot be turned off

    Approximately 20 hrs.
  24. Life Jackets - Crew

    Preflight serviceability check
  25. Correct number and location 
    Correct colour and in a sealed packet.
  26. Operation of Adult/ Crew Lifejacket
    • Fitment
    • 1. Tear open plastic bag containing the life jacket.
    • 2. Remove life jacket and unroll.
    • 3. Place head through opening at top.
    • 4. Pass tape around waist and clip two ends together.
    • 5. Pull waist strap to tighten.

    • Inflation
    • Inflate when exiting the aircraft:
    • 1. Pull both red toggles to inflate.
    • 2. Use both oral mouthpieces for further inflation, if required.
    • 3. To deflate (if required) push in valve in centre of inflation mouthpieces.
  27. Life raft stats
    CAPACITY    56pax 

    OVERLOAD   84pax

    WEIGHT       44 kg
  28. Life Raft Inflation time
  29. approximately 30 seconds
  30. Operation - Life Raft
    • CAUTION:
    • Be alert for possible structural damage which could cause damage to
    • the rafts.
    • 1. Check exits are usable.
    • 2. Move raft to usable exits.
    • 3. Open exit.
    • 4. Secure inflation line to the aircraft:
    • a. Overwing exit: Fasten seat belt nearest exit and pass inflation
    • line through belt and clip it back on itself.
    • b. Door exit: Pass inflation line through evacuation handle and
    • clip back on itself.
    • 5. Push raft pack into water; it must be clear of door area and in front
    • of the wings before inflation.
    • 6. To inflate, pull firmly on the handle on the inflation line. Do not pull
    • inflation line midway as this could cause the raft to move towards
    • the aircraft and get damaged or even inflate inside the aircraft.
    • 7. An Able-bodied Person (ABP) should board the raft first and hold
    • raft close to exit with mooring line to assist with passenger boarding.
    • 8. Fill far side of raft first, distributing occupants evenly around raft and
    • seating them as soon as possible.
    • 9. Ensure Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELTs) are passed into
    • rafts with additional equipment.

    • NOTE: Always launch all available life rafts even if their capacity exceeds aircraft loads.
    • Do not attach inflation line until exit has been opened in case the exit is unusable and the raft must be relocated. Once
    • inflated, this becomes the mooring line.

    • Once all occupants are onboard:
    • 1. Turn both aspirator handles a quarter turn clockwise, until the
    • handles click in place to secure aspirators in 'OFF' position.
    • 2. Cut mooring line as close to aircraft as possible.
    • 3. Tie ELT to raft and deploy.
    • 4. Use heaving line to retrieve passengers from water.
    • 5. Deploy sea anchor.
    • 6. Retrieve survival kit.
    • 7. Open survival kit and read life raft manual.
  31. Sea Dye Marker
    • Features
    • • Creates green fluorescent dye when exposed to water
    • • Instructions printed on casing. 

    • Operation
    • NOTE: Use only one sea dye marker at a time and only when search craft has been sighted.
    • 1. Remove cap.
    • 2. Pour contents slowly and evenly over water.

    • Duration
    • Maximum: 4 hours (visibility in water, depending on sea conditions).
  32. Flare (Day/Night)
    • Features
    • • Used day or night
    • • Flare burn reaches up to 500 ft
    • • Can be seen up to 28 miles
    • • Water proof and will float
    • • Instructions printed on casing.

    • Operation
    • NOTE: Use only one flare at a time.
    • Use only when search craft has been sighted.
    • 1. Direct flare upwards away from body at arms length.
    • 2. Press top, flare will drop down.
    • 3. Pull down to lock.
    • 4. Unscrew cap.
    • 5. Pull chain to launch, holding flare facing downwind, over edge of raft.

    • Duration
    • 8-10 second burn time.
  33. Megaphone
    • • Use when cabin PA system unserviceable
    • • Use during evacuation to assist in crowd control. 

    • Preflight Check
    • • Correct number and location
    • • Secure in brackets
    • • Squeeze hand grip, clicking sound will be heard. 

    • Operation
    • 1. Remove from brackets.
    • 2. Hold pointing towards passengers.
    • 3. Squeeze handgrip.
    • 4. Speak into the mouthpiece slowly with strong, confident voice.
    • 5. Adjust volume using control dial on side.
    • 6. Activate horn to attract attention of passengers as required. Pull pin
    • adjacent to volume control dial; megaphone will emit loud
    • intermittent horn.
    • 7. To turn horn off, replace pin (connected by lanyard) or squeeze handgrip to temporarily interrupt.
  34. B/E Aerospace Mask and Regulator


    Oxygen Flow Modes
    • The regulator may be
    • adjusted to supply 'NORMAL', '100%' or 'EMERGENCY' oxygen by
    • rotating the regulator selector.
    • Mask is stowed with control knob set to 100% mode.


    • Normal Mode
    • At lower cabin altitudes, ambient air is mixed with added oxygen
    • during inhalation. As cabin altitude increases, the percentage of
    • ambient air entering the regulator is reduced until at a preset point,
    • the user inhales 100% oxygen. In an emergency depressurisation
    • the regulator will automatically provide 100% oxygen when cabin
    • altitude exceeds preset point.
    • 100% Mode
    • 100% oxygen provided to user upon inhalation, regardless of cabin
    • altitude.
    • Emergency Mode
    • Provides 100% oxygen supplied at positive pressure regardless of
    • cabin altitude. The positive pressure purges smoke and toxic fumes
    • from face seal and maintains visual protection.
  35. B/E Aerospace mask donning
  36. Operation
    • When the cabin pressure rises to 10 000 ft a master caution light is
    • activated in the flight deck. This alerts the flight crew to fit their oxygen
    • masks.
    • To don the oyxgen mask:
    • 1. Using one hand grasp and depress the red buttons on the sides of
    • the regulator.
    • 2. Pull upward to expose the entire regulator and mask assembly.
    • 3. Take the mask to your face and put your face into the orinasal cone,
    • ensuring the mask harness is behind your head.
    • 4. Release the red buttons so the harness fits firmly to your face and
    • head.
    • 5. Check the mask fits, seals, and functions properly.
    • NOTE: The whole operation should be performed within 5 seconds.
  37. Location of drop down 02 Masks
    • 2 masks in each lavatory ceiling • 4 masks total in forward entry area ceiling: 2 LHS above cabin crew station and 2 RHS above forward galley • 4 masks total in rear entry area: 2 LHS and 2 RHS above cabin crew stations • 4 masks in each PSU in the cabin.
  38. Duration of drop down 02
  39. Once activated, oxygen flows for approximately 12 minutes.
  40. Operation of drop down 02
  41. 1. Masks automatically drop from the PSU at a preset cabin altitude of
    • approximately 14 000 ft.
    • 2. Manual deployment can be performed from flight deck if required.
    • 3. Pulling oxygen mask downward causes 100% oxygen flow to all
    • masks in that PSU.
    • 4. Green flow indicator is visible in transparent oxygen tubing
    • whenever oxygen is flowing.
    • 5. At cabin crew station and lavatories, there is a 'PULL' tag. Pulling
    • the tag brings the mask into reach and starts oxygen flow.
    • 6. Fit mask over nose and mouth, secure with elastic strap and
    • continue to breathe normally until advised otherwise by flight crew.
    • NOTE: • When activating oxygen, ensure mask is pulled rather
    • than tubing. Pulling tubing can detach tubing and render
    • mask unserviceable
    • • The flow indicator is located high on tubing
    • • Oxygen will flow through mask even though bag may not
    • inflate.
  42. The Scott 310 L portable oxygen bottle

    Preflight Check
  43. • Correct number and location
    • • Secure in brackets
    • • Minimum pressure 1500 psi
    • • Dust covers in position
    • • No oil or grease on fittings
    • • Oxygen mask with bottle.
  44. The Scott 310 L portable oxygen bottle


    Operation
  45. 2. Remove oxygen mask from stowage pouch.
    • 3. Secure bottle by placing head and one arm through shoulder strap
    • so strap sits diagonally across body.
    • 4. Connect mask tubing to oxygen mask.
    • 5. Remove dust cover.
    • 6. Check O ring is present in mask connector. If no O ring present,
    • discard and use another oxygen mask.
    • 7. Insert oxygen mask connector into 'HI' flow outlet. Initial
    • administration must be on 'HI'.
    • 8. Turn on.
    • 9. Listen for sound of oxygen flow.
    • 10. Wipe grease and lipstick from passenger's face.
    • 11. Place mask over the nose and mouth and elastic strap over head.
    • 12. Adjust straps.
    • 13. Gently squeeze metal nose band.
    • 14. Check there are no kinks in tubing.
    • 15. Observe passenger's condition and select flow rate according to the
    • needs of person being treated.
    • 16. Monitor oxygen bottle pressure with gauge facing crew member.
    • 17. Turn off when no longer required.
  46. Scott 310 Flow durations
    • High Flow 4 l/m
    • Low Flow  2 l/m

    Full to empty High 77 min, Low 155 min

    Full to 500psi High 58 min, Low 116 min

    1500 to 500psi High 38 min, Low 76 min.
  47. Protective Breathing Equipment purpose
    Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) is designed to help protect the wearer's eyes and respiratory tract from the effects of smoke in the cabin, toxic fumes, or while fighting inflight fires.
  48. PBE Preflight Check
  49. • Correct number and location
    • • Check humidity indicator is not pink
    • • Insure PBE is within its expiry date:
    • - Primary Check
    • Add 10 years to manufacturer's date stamped on blue
    • humidity indicator
    • - Secondary Check
    • If date on blue humidity indicator cannot be read, check
    • date stamped on front of PBE case
    • • Stowed securely.
  50. PBE Operation
    • 1. Open box by lifting latch marked 'Lift'.
    • 2. Remove PBE from box.
    • 3. Grasp red strip with one hand and tear bag along perforated edge.
    • 4. Remove PBE.
    • 5. Pull ring marked 'PULL TO ACTUATE' in direction indicated.
    • 6. Flow of oxygen will be heard. If there is no audible flow of oxygen,
    • discard PBE and retrieve another.
    • 7. Widen neck seal and guide PBE over face and head.

    • 8. Pull PBE down until headband engages forehead.
    • 9. Ensure neck seal is clear so tight seal can be maintained around
    • neck.
    • 10. Pull PBE skirt down over shoulders and chest.
    • 11. Remove PBE away from fire or smoke.
    • 12. Brush hands through hair to break down oxygen build up.
  51. PBE Duration
  52. Minimum: 15 minutes.
  53. PBE after use
  54. 1. Place used PBE on galley shelf until generator has cooled.
    • 2. Once PBE has cooled, remove rubbish bag from rearmost lavatory
    • waste bin and place PBE inside waste bin. Shut waste bin door to
    • ensure fire seal is maintained. Lock lavatory door. Monitor during
    • flight. After landing, hand used PBE(s) to engineer.
    • 3. Cabin Supervisor (CS) will advise captain how many PBEs were used and their location. Captain will record in Maintenance Log
  55. DME Torch Preflight Check
  56. • Correct number and location
    • • Secure in brackets
    • • Check light flashing minimum once every 10 seconds.
  57. DME Torch Duration
    Illuminates automatically on removal from brackets:

    • • Minimum: 30 minutes
    • • Maximum: 4 hours.
  58. Seat zones all aircraft
    • A 1-2
    • B 3-9
    • C 10-20
    • D 21-30
  59. Time of useful consciousness
  60. 40 000 ft 15-20 seconds
    • 35 000 ft 30 seconds - 1 minute
    • 30 000 ft 1-2 minutes
    • 28 000 ft 2-3 minutes
    • 25 000 ft 3-5 minutes
    • 22 000 ft 5-10 minutes
  61. Atmosphere composition
  62. The atmosphere is made up of nitrogen (78%), oxygen (21%) and other
    • gases (1%). These proportions remain constant with altitude; however,
    • at high altitude there is a significant drop in atmospheric pressure which
    • affects the ability of the human respiratory system to absorb oxygen.
    • Above 10 000 ft the reduction in oxygen absorption is significant enough
    • to adversely affect human and mental performance.
  63. Depressurisation

    Physiological Effects on Aircraft Occupants
  64. • Chilling of body
    • • Pain in middle ear and sinuses
    • • Discomfort/pain due to pressure of gasses trapped in body
    • • Decompression sickness
    • • Hypoxia.
  65. Decompression Sickness
    Formation and build-up of nitrogen bubbles in the blood.

    • Symptoms
    • • Aching/painful joints
    • • Rash
    • • Constriction in chest and throat causing breathing difficulty
    • • Visual impairment
    • • Mental impairment
    • • Collapse.

    • Treatment
    • • Immediate oxygen
    • • Descent
    • • Immobilisation
    • • Medical aid on ground.
  66. Hypoxia
    • Reduction of oxygen to body cells. Continued oxygen deficiency can
    • result in unconsciousness and death.
    • Personal capabilities will be adversely affected without being aware of
    • symptoms. Individuals suffering from hypoxia will think they are acting
    • more efficiently and competently than they actually are. This euphoric
    • condition is dangerous and must be guarded against.

    • Symptoms
    • Severity and symptoms of hypoxia will vary between individuals, type of
    • depressurisation and cabin altitude following depressurisation; however,
    • may include:
    • • Fatigue
    • • Lack of concentration
    • • Headache or nausea
    • • Blurred/tunnel vision
    • • Lack of self-criticism/state of euphoria
    • • Mood change and confusion
    • • Breathlessness
    • • Light headedness/dizziness
    • • Blue tinge to lips and fingers
    • • Loss of consciousness
    • • Death.

    • Treatment
    • Immediate oxygen (full recovery possible within 15 seconds).

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