Policing

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Author:
mandamari3
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237798
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Policing
Updated:
2013-09-29 22:45:10
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  1. Constable
    • can be traced back to anglo saxon times in england.
    • Pursued felons "hue and cry"
  2. political era of policing
    • established a full time preventative police force
    • placed under the control of the city government and politicians
  3. reform era of policing
    • law and professionalism
    • crime control
    • centralized & classical
  4. wickersham commision
    • national commission on law observance & enforcement
    • completed the 1st national study of crime and criminal justice
  5. william h parker
    professional era of policing
  6. department of justice
    • official legal arm of the u.s. government 
    • headed by the attorney general
  7. NCIC
    National Crime Information Center
  8. Department of Homeland security
    • formed after 9/11
    • to safeguard the nation,develop vacinned to protect against chemical threats,training first responders
  9. uniform crime reports
    • fbi
    • includes data reported concerning part 1 index crimes 
    • crime clock
  10. computer based training
    • popular police training
    • stimulates real life observations
  11. sixth sense
    suspicion
  12. police training officer program
    embraces new officers & evaluates them on understanding & application of comm. oriented policing & problem solving
  13. peace officer bill of rights
    greater procedual safeguards to protect themselves against infringement of rights
  14. stress
    • brought on by the job 
    • silent epidemic
  15. fair labor standards act
    passed to protect working conditions in the private sectors of policing
  16. job action
    an activity in which employes engage to express their satisfaction w a particular person event or condition
  17. tything system
    • 10 men responsible for policing if one sees crime Hue & cry
    • "stop and chase"
    • head of tithing issues punsihment
  18. hundred
    • 10 tithings 
    • connection among villages
    • headed by reeve/constable
  19. shire-reeve
    • collected taxes
    • head of multiple hundreds
  20. thief taker
    leaded to distrust
  21. sir robert peel
    • father of modern policing
    • metropolitan police act of 1829
  22. metropolitan police act
    • 24 hr day force
    • uniformed
    • no lethal weapons
    • high standards 
    • good behavior both on and off street
    • pay = to skilled workers
  23. slave patrols
    • policing in the south
    • slave revolts
    • issue punishment right on the spot
    • fairly organized but corrupt
  24. august vollmer
    father of police professionalism
  25. police professionalism
    • pre service academy
    • military discipline
    • removed political influence
  26. sheriffs
    originally out of south
  27. 6 largest police dep.
    • ny
    • chicago
    • LA
    • philadelphia
    • houston detroit
  28. homeland security
    • all about preventing terrorist attacks
    • customs, secret service, coast guard
  29. US marshals
    • old section of law enforcement agencies
    • allowed to hire own deputy
    • helped settle the west
  30. secret service
    • worked on currency and counterfeiting orig,
    • post civilw ar protect for president
  31. FBI
    • fraud anti-trust violations and fugitives
    • expanded role after WW1
    • J edgar hoover
  32. J edgar hoover
    • director of fbi from 1924-1972
    • began collecting crime statistics in 1935
  33. Penn state police
    • 1st modern state force
    • well structured and organized, mounted uniform force
  34. texas rangers
    • earliest example of policing
    • semi unofficial law enforecment to stop cattle
    • became organized in 1935v
  35. highway patrol
    • patrol highways 
    • largest dep. is CA
  36. private police
    • agencies for profit 
    • more $ spent on private than public
    • securitas group & GS4
    • duties: physical,information & personnel security
  37. U.S. pinkerton
    • protect railroads 
    • got involved in labor disputes
    • bought out by securitas group
  38. wells & fargo
    provide secure stagecoaches
  39. positive selection
    more applicants than openings-> best selection
  40. negative selection
    more openings than applicants-> less strict
  41. basic requirements to enter LE
    • age 21-37
    • height/ weight normal
    • HS diploma
    • past exam
  42. screening recruits
    • multiple hurdle approach
    • written exam, phys, med,mental, oral exams/interview
    • polygraph & background
  43. FLETC
    fed law enf training center
  44. quantico
    fbi training center
  45. feild training officer
    • in service: 3-6 months, 3-6 months to 1 year of probation 
    • can be fired easily
    • -> importance of recruitment
  46. rude awkakening
    • 1st few weeks/months 
    • public interaction 
    • justice system
    • attitude may change
  47. public hostility
    • disrespect
    • selective contact(more likely to remember bad ones)
  48. selective contact
    • usually with criminals
    • stereotyped
  49. rotating vs stable assign
    • most dep. usually get rotating shift
    • most officers prefer stable assignments
  50. police subculture
    • is there one because of some attitude/personality changes
    • studied by william westley
  51. william westley
    • researched on police subculture
    • determined-> group solidarity
    • secrecy"us vs them"
    • violence "if necessary"-> disrespect
  52. working personality

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