test 1 Pesonality ch. 4

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  1. Accusation
    Blaming other for one's own short comings and failures.
  2. Aggression drive
    (Adler) One of the two major drives, along with the sex drive.
  3. Avoidant type
    Individuals who consistently avoid or ignore problems or challenges.
  4. Birth order
    Different birth orders create different situations to which children must adjust, and that adjustment may influence personality development and adherence to specific lifestyles.
  5. Compensation/overcompensation
    A process by which a perceived weakness or frailty is both denied and converted into a strength.
  6. Distance strategies
    the neurotic strategy of self-guarding self-esteem by restricting one's participation in life. The person protects his self-image by not exposing himself to challenge, or by failure. Four distancing strategies are termed moving backward, standing still, hesitation, and construction of obstacles.
  7. Ego (Adler)
    the center of a person's sense of wholeness; the source of autonomy and creative processes.
  8. Excuses/rationalizing strategies.
    Excuses and rationalizations that serve the purpose of escaping life's demands or of avoiding the burden of feelings responsible for performing at one's best.
  9. Feelings of inferiority
    A sense of feeling that one has of being inferior, which Adler asserted was universal.
  10. Individual psychology
    A term used to identify Adler''s theory to distinguish it from other approaches. It stresses that each person, as on integrated whole, engages in goal-directed behavior.
  11. Fictional finalism
    the process of inventing of formulating a goal and working toward it's fulfillment.
  12. Gemeinshaftsgefuhl.
    (literally "fellow-feeling") The feeling of conctedness with and sympathy for one's fellow humans, translates by Adler as social interest.
  13. Getting-leaning type
    Individuals who expect others to satisfy their needs. They attain personal goals by relying on others for help.
  14. Inferiority complex
    An individuals sense of helplessness, of powerlessness, beginning in infancy and childhood.
  15. Masculine protest
    Attempt by both males and females to compensate for feelings of inferiority. Over-compensatory striving to demolish dependency, to assert autonomy, and to achieve superiority.
  16. Oedipus complex (Adler)
    An only partly sexual rivalry felt by a son towards his father. Much of this rivalry has to do with over-coming a sense of inferiority and attaining a sense of power and superiority.
  17. Organ inferiority
    A damaged, diseased, or defective organ, usually accompanied by inferiority feelings.
  18. Ruling-dominant type
    A personality type composed of individuals who are assertive, aggressive, and active. they strive for personal superiority by trying to exploit or control others.
  19. Social interest
    Adler's preferred translation of Gemeinschafsgerfuhl; desire to contribute to the welfare of others and to society. It has differed meaning than sociability.
  20. Socially useful type
    Individuals who actively confront and solve problems in a pragmatic and thoughtful manner. Such people are socially oriented and prepared to cooperate with others.
  21. Striving for superiority
    Striving for autonomy and masculinity to compensate for a sense of inferiority. the fundamental urge to achieve sense of compensate and self-fulfillment.
  22. Style of life
    the consistent approach people have in coping with variety of situations. This term in Adler's theory, does not refer to consumer behavior.
  23. Teleological
    Goal-directed puposeful; examining behavior in terms of its goals.
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test 1 Pesonality ch. 4
2013-09-30 15:24:44
psychology adler personality

Vocabulary for test 1 on chapter 4
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