Key terms for Psychology

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Key terms for Psychology
2013-09-30 13:53:16
Key Terms Psychology Penny lesson

Key Terms to learn from Penny's psychology lessons.
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  1. Deception
    Definition;  Why necessary; What precautions must be taken.
    Intentionally with-holding information about the study or its aim from participants. This may sometimes be necessary to avoid participants changing their behavior, but it must be justified and if it is done, we must make sure we debrief our participants afterwards.
  2. Right to withdraw
    All participants should be informed that they can drop out of the study at any time and HOW they can do about doing this if they wish to.
  3. Informed Consent
    Participants know as much as possible about the procedure before they agree to take part in a study - like the sort of things they will be asked to do, how long it will take etc.
  4. Debriefing
    Researchers must speak to all participants at the end of the study explaining fully what the study was about and what their results mean. They should also check that the participant has no further questions and that they have not been harmed in any way (e.g. emotionally distressed) by taking part.
  5. Competence
    Researchers must have the necessary qualifications to carry out the study and must also show that they understand the implications of the study, know the ethical guidelines and adhere to any legal obligations such as the Data Protection act
  6. Generalisibility
    Generalise findings from our research participants to other population groups. You should also make sure the participants are representative of the group of people you want to study.
  7. Reliability
    We need to be able to observe or measure something in the same way time after time and produce the same results. For this reason researchers try to use standardized procedures.
  8. Application
    This refers tot he usefulness of our theory or research e.g. to what extent the research can help us to explain real life behavior or to bring about useful changes in the world
  9. Validity
    The extent to which a specific research method measures what it is intending to measure.
  10. External Validity
    The findings can be generalised beyond the context of the research situation.
  11. Ethics
    • Guidelines put forward by the BPS.
    • A list of rules for how to conduct research with human participants. Psychologists should follow these.
  12. Name some ethics/ precautions to be taken into account during an experiment.
    Debrief, Deception, Informed consent, right to withdraw, protection of participants (psychological and physical) and competance
  13. Ecological Validity
    Whether we can apply our findings to other contexts and situations outside of the research setting. e.g. is it like REAL LIFE?