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What does DDLL stand for, what does each letter mean & when is it used?
- 1. D: Drive. Put the car in drive by pushing the brake and pulling the shift to "D."
- 2. D: Directional. Turn on your blinker.
- 3. L: Look. Look in your rearview and your side mirrors, but make sure to take a good, long look over your left shoulder into your blind spot for oncoming traffic.
- 4. L: Leave. Pull out and continue.
DDLL is used every time you're going back into traffic.
What should you do when approaching a hill?
- Going up a hill: Press the gas harder; the car needs more energy to go up.
- Going down a hill: Press the gas a little to get you going, then let go and cruise down, lightly tapping the brakes if needed.
- (GRAVITY is the natural force which makes you go faster when going down a hill.)
What does it mean to "cover the brake"?
"Covering the brake" describes when a person puts his/her foot over the brake without pushing, to prepare for braking.
What should you do when you're going to turn, but you're going to pass by several streets first?
Put your blinker on a little late, so as not to confuse other cars who might think you're turning immediately.
Which lane should a person go into when turning from a multi-lane street into another multi-lane street?
Always go into the lane corresponding with the one you just left. For example, if you're on a two-lane street and you're in the left lane when you turn, you should turn into the left lane on the street you're turning onto. If you leave from the right lane, you should end up on the right lane as well.
When are U-Turns not allowed?
- 1. When it's posted that they're not allowed.
- 2. On the highway unless otherwise posted.
- 3. When there are double, solid yellow lines.
What is the purpose of a regulatory sign?
It regulates or controls the movement of traffic; it tells you and other drivers what you must do and what you must not do when you drive.
Who has the right-of-way at a stop sign?
- 1. The person who arrives at the stop sign first.
- 2. The person on the right.
How long must you wait before continuing after stopping at a stop sign?
A person must wait for three seconds.
How does one make a "proper stop"?
- 1. If there are two white lines on the ground next to the stop sign, one must stop at the first white line.
- 2. If there are no white lines, one must stop where the two roads meet each other (at the edge of the intersection).
What should one do when approaching a yield sign?
- 1. Slow down.
- 2. Look over his/her left shoulder for traffic.
- 3. a. If there's a car coming, stop and wait.
- 3. b. If nobody is coming, hit the gas and continue.
How many MPH may one go over the speed limit?
0. It is illegal to go even 1 MPH over the speed limit.
What constitutes "speeding"?
Going 1-29 MPH over the speed limit.
What constitutes "criminal speeding"?
Going 30 MPH+ over the speed limit.
What happens if one is found guilty of "criminal speeding"?
Fines may double or triple, and one can be jailed if damage has been done.
What is a railroad sign called?
A "crossbuck sign."
What should one do when approaching a railroad crossing?
One must slow down a little and look from the left to the right, then continue.
Which types of vehicles must come to a complete stop at a railroad crossing?
- 1. Buses
- 2. Trucks carrying hazardous material (oil, gasoline, oxygen)
What color are warning signs?
What color are construction signs?
What do warning signs do?
They increase one's level of alertness to changes in the roadway, in traffic, or in environmental conditions.
What are some examples of "guide signs"?
- 1. Route markers
- 2. Destination & Mileage signs (GREEN signs tell you how many miles until you arrive somewhere).
- 3. Roadside services (food, gas, motels, camping, hospital, etc) - these are BLUE
Which types of signs are BROWN?
What are International Traffic Signs?
Signs which are recognizable throughout different countries, regardless of language or culture.
What is the purpose of yellow lines?
- 1. Separates traffic going in opposite directions.
- 2. Lets drivers know whether or not they can pass another vehicle (solid - no, broken - yes)
What is the purpose of white lines?
- 1. Separates traffic going in the same direction.
- 2. Lets drivers know whether or not they can change lanes (solid - no, broken - yes)
How can you tell where the "edge of the roadway" is?
The solid white line on the side of the road signifies the "edge of the roadway."
What does a flashing red traffic signal mean, and what must one do when approaching it?
- A flashing red traffic signal is the same as a stop sign.
- 1. Look left, then right, then left again.
- 2. Sit for a full 3 seconds before continuing.
What does a flashing yellow traffic signal mean, and what must one do when approaching it?
Slow down & proceed with caution.
What does a red arrow (traffic signal) mean?
It means you may not turn that way.
What does a steady, red X over a lane mean?
Do not drive in this lane.
What does a green arrow over a lane mean?
You may drive in this lane.
What does a steady yellow X over a lane mean?
Get out of this lane, it's about to change to red.
What does a flashing yellow X over a lane mean?
You may be in this lane for left turns only.
Who can overrule traffic signals?
Police officers only.
What does an unprotected left turn mean, and what must one do when approaching this situation?
- An unprotected left turn is when a turning lane has a green light, rather than a green arrow. One must:
- 1. Put on his/her/their turning signal.
- 2. Go into the middle of the intersection and stop.
- 3. Wait for traffic to pass through before continuing.
- 4. Finish his/her/their turn.
What does a protected left turn mean, and what must one do when approaching this situation?
- A protected left turn is when a turning lane has a green arrow, rather than just a green light. One must:
- 1. Put on his/her/their turning signal.
- 2. Go into the middle of the intersection and continue with the turn.
- (This means that drivers going straight have a red light and it is safe to turn without stopping.)
What happens when one is in the process of making an unprotected left turn, but their light turns red while they're in the intersection?
He/she/they should continue to make his/her/their turn. He/she/they have the right of way.
What is a "fixed speed limit"?
The maximum and minimum speed that a vehicle may be driven on a particular roadway.
What is an "advisory speed limit"?
A speed limit which interrupts the normal driving speed for a limited time.
What is the "Basic Speed Law"?
A law which states that one should always drive at a speed that is reasonable and proper for existing weather & road conditions.
What letter does a gearshift for manual transmission make?
Generally, an H.
Where is the clutch pedal located?
To the left of the brake pedal (all the way to the left).
What is another name for the gas pedal?
What are two ways to get rid of cruise control?
- 1. Press on the gas or brake.
- 2. Turn it off manually, the same way it was turned on.
What is the purpose of power steering/power braking?
It requires less effort to steer the car; it requires less effort to stop the car.
What are 5 things which improve visibility?
- 1. Lights
- 2. Windshield wipers & washer
- 3. Mirrors
- 4. Sunglasses/sun visors
- 5. Defroster
What are 5 things which can protect you from injury?
- 1. Safety belts/seat belts
- 2. Airbags
- 3. Head restraints
- 4. Door locks
- 5. Structural features (impact-resistant bumpers, tempered safety-glass windows, etc)
How do you turn on your signal for a right turn?
You pull the stick up.
How do you turn on your signal for a left turn?
You push the stick down.
How do you turn on your parking lights?
Turn the stick toward the windshield once.
How do you turn on low-beam headlights?
Turn the stick toward the windshield twice.
What does SIPDE stand for, when is it used and what is its purpose?
- S: Search; Look up and ahead 20-30 seconds down the road.
- I: Identify; Identify potential problems.
- P: Predict; Predict what could happen.
- D: Decide; Decide the safest course of action.
- E: Execute; Put your plan into action.
SIPDE is used constantly while driving in order to problem-solve and stay safe.
What are the steps in the Smith System and what is it used for?
- 1. Aim high and look ahead, not down. (20-30 seconds down the road)
- 2. Keep your eyes moving.
- 3. Get the big picture.
- 4. Make sure others see you (headlights, blinkers, etc)
- 5. Leave yourself a way out or a margin of safety (space cushion).
What does the HTS stand for, what does it describe and what is its purpose?
Highway Transportation System. This includes motor vehicles, streets and highways, drivers, cyclists and pedestrians. The goal is to enable people and goods to move from place to place as safely and efficiently as possible.
What is the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act?
Requires automakers to build safety features into their motor vehicles (e.g., shatter-proof windshields, air bags, etc).
What are 5 ways to reduce the risk of an accident?
- 1. Keep your vehicle in top condition
- 2. Anticipate the actions of others.
- 3. Take steps to protect yourself and others (headlights, seat belts, etc).
- 4. Drive only when you're in sound physical and mental condition/health.
- 5. Make a conscious effort to develop your driving skills.
What is a defensive driver?
Someone who is aware of their surroundings at all times and has a positive attitude.
What is a "space cushion"?
The space in front of, behind, and to the sides of a vehicle.
What is the key to becoming a skilled driver?
What is "threshold breaking"?
Pressing the brakes firmly and holding it just before the wheels lock to prevent them from locking.
What does ABS stand for?
Antilock Brake System.
What is the friction point of the clutch?
The point when the engine and the transmission engage as you let up the clutch pedal.
When starting a car with manual transmission, what gear should the selector be in?
Why should the emergency brake be on when starting a standard shift car?
To prevent the car from rolling.
Name two types of vehicles which accelerate very slowly.
Tractor trailer rigs and interstate buses.
What is "tracking"?
Driving in a straight line.
When should you check your mirrors when driving down the road?
Whenever you see anything in your path that could change your speed and/or direction.
When backing up straight, how should you position your hands?
Keep both of your hands on the wheel.
When stopping behind another car in a lane of traffic, how do you know where to stop?
Make sure you can see their back tires and a piece of the road.