USMLE Step 1

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Author:
Jstudent
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237915
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USMLE Step 1
Updated:
2013-09-30 14:30:13
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USMLE Step
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USMLE Step 1
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  1. Tetracyclines
    Treatable Organisms
    • VACcUme THe Bed Room
    • Vibrio cholerae
    • Acne
    • Chlamydia
    • Ureaplasma urealyticum
    • Mycoplasma pneumoniae
    • Tularemia
    • H. Pylori
    • Borrelia Burgdorferi
    • Rickettsia rickettsii
  2. Macrolides
    Treatable Organisms
    • Atypical pneumonias
    • = legionella pneumophila
    • = mycoplasma pneumoniae
    • = chlamydia pneumoniae
    • URIs
    • = Group A Strep
    • STDs
    • = gonorrhea
    • = chlamydia
  3. 2nd Gen Cephalosporins
    Treatable Organisms
    • HEN PEcKS G
    • Haemophilus influenzae
    • Enterobacter
    • Neisseria
    • Proteus mirabilis
    • E. coli
    • Klebsiella
    • Serratia
    • G + cocci
  4. Signet-ring cells
    Gastric adenocarcinoma
  5. Nutmeg liver
    • Hepatic congestion
    • Budd-chiari syndrome
  6. Maternal elevations of AFP
    • Ancephaly
    • Spina bifida
    • Omphalocele
    • Gastroschisis
  7. RBC casts in urine
    Acute glomerulonephritis
  8. Current-jelly sputum
    Klebsiella
  9. Dog or cat bite
    Dasteurella multocida
  10. Normal flora: skin
    Staphylococcus epidermidis
  11. Normal flora: nose
    • Staph epi.
    • Staphylococcus aureus
    • MRSA common in nose, ointment to eradicate
  12. Normal flora: orophrynx
    • Streptococcus viridans, Group A Strep
    • Streptococcus mutans: can cause subacute endocarditis in patient structural heart disease or defect
  13. Normal flora: dental plaque
    Strep mutans: prophylactic tx. before dental procedure if structural heart disease or defect
  14. Normal flora: colon
    • Bacteroides fragilis: G+bacillus, obligate anaerobe, resistant to PCN due to beta-lactamase production, 90% anaerobic peritoneal infection
    • E-coli
  15. Normal flora: vagina
    • Lactobacillus: may recolonize normal flora by taking lactobacillus tablet especially post abx tx.
    • E-coli
    • Group B Strep: 25% women normally colonized in pregnancy, tx. mother/newborn to reduce meningitis/pneumonia in baby

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