Soc Vocabulary Chapter 1

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  1. Sociology:
    the scientific study of social structure
  2. Microsociology:
    the level of analysis concerned with the study of people as they interact in daily life
  3. Macrosociology:
    the level of analysis that focuses on relationships among social structures without references to the interaction of the people involved
  4. Sociological Imagination:
    the set of mind that allows individuals to see the relationship between events in their personal lives and events in their society
  5. Humanist Sociology:
    the theoretical perspective that places human needs and goals at the center of sociology
  6. Liberation Sociology:
    the theoretical approach to sociology that seeks to replace human oppression with greater democracy and social justice
  7. Clinical Sociology:
    the use of sociological theories, principles, and research to diagnose and measure social invention
  8. Positivism:
    the use of observation, experimentation, and other methods of the physical sciences in the study of social life
  9. Social Statistics:
    the study of stability and order in society
  10. Social Dynamics:
    the study of social change
  11. Bourgeoisie:
    Members of a society who the means for producing wealth
  12. Proletariat:
    members of a society who labor for the bourgeoisie at subsistence wages
  13. Class Conflict:
    the conflict between those controlling the means for producing wealth and those laboring for them
  14. Economic Determinism:
    the idea that that the nature of a society is based on the society’s economy
  15. Mechanical Solidarity:
    social unity based on a consensus of values and norms, strong social pressure for conformity, and dependence on tradition and family
  16. Organic Solidarity:
    social unity based on a complex of highly specialized roles that makes members of a society dependent on one another
  17. Verstehen:
    the method of understanding social behavior by putting oneself in the place of others
  18. Value-Free Research:
    research in which personal biases are not allowed to affect the research process and its outcomes
  19. Rationalization:
    the tendency to use knowledge and impersonality in social relationships to gain increased control over society
  20. Functionalism:
    the theoretical perspective that emphasizes the contribution (functions) made by each part of society
  21. Dynamic Equilibrium:
    the assumption by functionalists that a society both changes and maintains most of its original structure over time
  22. Manifest Functions:
    an intended and recognized consequence of some element of a society
  23. Latent Functions:
    an unintended and unrecognized consequence of some element of society
  24. Dysfunction: a negative consequence of some element of a society
    a negative consequence of some element of a society
  25. Conflict Theory:
    the theoretical perspectives that emphasizes conflict, competition, change, and constraint within a society
  26. Power:
    the ability to control the behavior of others, even against their will
  27. Symbol:
    something that stands for, or represents, something else
  28. Symbolic Interactionism:
    the theoretical perspective that focuses on interaction among people based on mutually understood symbols
  29. Dramaturgy:
    the symbolic interactionist approach that depicts social life as theater
  30. Presentation of Self:
    the ways that we, in a variety of social situations, attempt to create a favorable evaluation of ourselves in the minds of others
  31. Liberal Feminism:
    the feminist social theory that focuses on equal opportunity for woman and heightened public awareness of woman’s rights
  32. Radical Feminism:
    the feminist social theory that races oppression of women to the fact that societies are dominated by men
  33. Modernism:
    the broad social changes beginning in the late nineteenth century and ending around the time of World War II
  34. Postmodernism:
    the theory that rejects the idea that individuals are autonomous begins, that reason is a reliable way to interpret the world, and that a discoverable reality exists
  35. Postindustrial Society:
    the type of society in which knowledge and service organizations are the major source of power and the prime mover of social life
  36. Globalization:
    the process by which increasingly permeable geographical boundaries lead different societies to share in common some economic, political, and social arrangements
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Soc Vocabulary Chapter 1
2013-09-30 22:17:56

Sociology 101
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