Grade 9 English Literary Terms

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  1. What is a protaganist?
    The main character in a story, novel or play
  2. What is an antagonist?
    The character who struggles or fights against the protaganist
  3. What is the point of view?
    The perspective from which the story was told in.
  4. What is the First person point of view?
    When the narrative is told by one of the characters from the "I" point of view. This point of view is limited because the reader knows only what the character narrating knows.
  5. What is the Third Person Limited view?
    The narrator tells the story using "he" and "she". This point of view can be limited witht he narrator knowing only the thoughts and feelings of only on character.
  6. What is Third Person omniscient point of view?
    The narrator also tells the story using "he" and "she", but in this case, the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all the characters and presents the thoughts of all characters involved
  7. What is Foreshadowing?
    A technique for providing clues about the events that may happen later in the story.
  8. What is a flashback?
    A technique for presenting something that helps explain something about the current (present) situation.
  9. What is a genre?
    Refers to the literary form or the type of writing, for example, short story, play, novel....
  10. What is a theme?
    The main idea of the selection.
  11. What is atmosphere?
    The overall mood of the story, for example, comic, mysterious...
  12. What does suspense mean?
    The feeling of growing tension and excitement felt by the reader as the plot develops. It is what keeps the reader turning the pages and wondering what will happen next.
  13. What is a surprise ending?
    An unexpected twist in plot at the end of the story.
  14. What does resolution mean?
    The conclusion of the story in which the problem or conflict is solved.
  15. What is a climax?
    The highest point of emotional intensity, usually the turning point.
  16. What is contrast?
    The consideration of two or more things with respect to differences.
  17. What does diction mean?
    Word choice used by a writer.
  18. What is fiction?
    Any narrative that is invented or imagined ie made up
  19. What is non-fiction?
    Prose that presents actual happenings ie true
  20. What is a thematic statement?
    A one sentence statement that generalizes a story's message.
  21. What is a thesis?
    The main idea of an essay, usually found in the first paragraph.
  22. What is irony?
    A literal device that is used to achieve a meaning opposite to what is actually being said.
  23. What are the three types of irony?
    • Dramatic irony
    • Verbal irony
    • Situational irony
  24. What is dramatic irony?
    irony created when the reader knows things that the character does not know and therefore the character's actions or words become either tragic or humorous. This form of irony is meant to be tragic, humorous or both.
  25. What is verbal irony?
    The use of figures of speech such as hyperbole and under statement to create an ironic effect. ( the opposite is said from what is intended)
  26. What is situational irony?
    Discrepancy between appearance and reality, or between what is and what would seem appropriate. 
  27. What is mood?
    Feelings created in the reader by the selection.
  28. What is a plot?
    the story line or series of episodes
  29. Define setting
    the time, place and circumstances in which a story, book, drama.... takes place.
  30. What is a short story?
    A brief fictional prose narrative, usually focuses on one character, has a limited setting and a single plot.
  31. What is prose?
    Writing that uses ordinary language (not poetry)
  32. What is a satire?
    The use of irony to ridicule an idea, person or thing.
  33. What is a sub-theme?
    A minor idea often related to the main theme.
  34. What is a sub-conflict?
    Minor conflict often related to the main conflict.
  35. What is dialogue?
    Any conversation between characters or people.
  36. What is conflict?
    The struggle between opposing forces;
  37. What are three forms of conflict?
    • Internal conflict (man vs himself)
    • External conflict (man vs nature)
    • Interpersonal conflict (man vs man)
  38. What is internal conflict?
    A character must deal with his/her own thoughts and feelings
  39. What is external conflict?
    A character struggles against something in the outside world
  40. What is interpersonal conflict?
    A character struggles against another character
  41. What does characterization mean?
    A writer's portrayal of a character through dialogue actions, appearance, habits, beliefs, way of speaking, etc...
  42. What are six character types?
    • Flat character
    • Round character
    • Stock character
    • Unique character
    • Static character
    • Dynamic character
  43. What is a flat character?
    Is known by one or two traits
  44. What is a round character?
    Is complex and has many ideas. Through selection, we learn what he or she thinks, fells and wants
  45. What is a stock character?
    A stereotyped character, for example, a mad scientist, a cruel mother, etc
  46. What is a unique character?
    Not one of the other character types. They are not predictable and they face unique situations and conflicts
  47. What is a static character?
    Remains the same from the beginning to the end.
  48. What is a dynamic character?
    Is developing and undergoes permanent change. The character learns something fromthe story and is different at the end.
  49. What does tone mean?
    The way in which a writer's choice of words reveal his/her attitude to the subject or characters. for example, is the author poking fun at someone, or angry.
  50. What is symbolism?
    The use of a concrete object to stand for an abstract or more complicated idea. For example, a lion symbolizing courage.
  51. What is an essay?
    A short piece of nonfiction writing dealing with a single topic or theme. It expresses a person's point of view or understanding of a particular issue.
  52. What fantasy?
    Often referred to as a fairy tale. They often invite mysterious or supernatural characters or events. Traditionally, fairy tales like "Hansel and Gretel" were intended for the "adult " community and not children as it is now thought.

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Grade 9 English Literary Terms
2013-10-01 00:13:48
literary terms grade english

learning the terms for stories
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