Biomechanics Quiz Questions set 1.txt

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Biomechanics Quiz Questions set 1.txt
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2013-09-30 20:40:09
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  1. Definition of Biomechanics
    biomechanics is a branch of knowledge that deals with force and energy and their effects on living organisms and vital processes
  2. Examples of Angular Motion
    occurs when an object rotates around an axis of rotation

    • throwing
    • kicking
    • swinging a bat
  3. Examples of Linear Motion
    occurs when an object moves in a straight or curving line without rotation

    • cycling
    • running
    • jumping for vertical height
  4. Examples of Discrete Motion
    this action is usually brief and has a well-defined beginning of movement and end of movement

    • throwing
    • hitting
    • kicking
    • catching

    the influence of fluid forces on discrete motions is relatively small
  5. Examples of Continuous Motion
    this action unfolds without a recognizable beginning and end in an ongoing and often repetitive fashion

    • cycling
    • swimming
    • running

    the influence of fluid forces on continuous motions can be significant
  6. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for spinal right rotation/left rotation is...
    transverse plane (longitudinal axis)
  7. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for spinal right lateral/left lateral flexion is...
    frontal (anterior - posterior axis)
  8. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for ankle plantarflexion/dorsiflexion is...
    sagittal (medial-lateral axis)
  9. The plane of motion and corresponding acis of totation for ankle inversion/eversion is...
    frontal (medial - lateral axis)
  10. The plane of motion and corresponding acis of rotation for forearm pronation/supination is...
    transverse (longitudinal axis)
  11. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for shoulder internal/external rotation is...
    transverse (longitudinal axis)
  12. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for hip abduction/adduction is...
    frontal (anterior-posterior axis)
  13. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for shoulder horizontal abduction/adduction is...
    transverse (longitudinal axis)
  14. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for elbow flexion/extension is...
    sagittal (medial-lateral axis)
  15. The plane of motion and corresponding axis of rotation for wrist radial/ulnar deviation is...
    frontal (anterior-posterior axis)
  16. The two body segments in the torso connected by the spine are...
    the shoulder girdle (connects left and right shoulder joints)

    the pelvis
  17. The body segment that connects the left arm segments to the right arm segments is called the...
    the shoulder girdle

    arm is comprised of

    • upper arm
    • forearm
    • hand
  18. The body segment that connects the left leg segments to the right leg segments is called the...
    the pelvis

    legs are comprised of

    • upper leg
    • lower leg
    • foot
  19. When we talk about the anterior and posterior portions of the body, we are referring to surfaces that are...
    anterior - region towards the front of a body segment

    posterior - region towards the rear of a body segment
  20. When we talk about the medial and lateral portions of the body, we are referring to surfaces that are...
    a region of a body segment that is closer to the midline of the body (medial)

    a region of a body segment that is farther away from the midline of the body (lateral)
  21. When we talk about the proximal and distal portions of the body, we are referring to surfaces that are...
    a region of a body segment that is closer to the point of attachment of a limb to the torso (proximal)

    a region of a body segment that is farther away from the point of attachment of a limb to the torso (distal)
  22. When we talk about the superior and inferior portions of the body, we are referring to surfaces that are....
    a region of a body segment that is closer to the head (superior)

    a region of a body segment that is closer to the feet (inferior)
  23. At which of the following joint(s) are movements in the frontal plane called radial/ulnar deviation movements?
    wrist joint
  24. At which of the following joint(s) are movements in the frontal place called abduction/adduction movements?
    • shoulder joint
    • hip joint
  25. At which of the following joint(s) are movements in the transverse plane called pronation/supination?
    • distal radioulnar joint
    • middle radioulnar joint
    • proximal radioulnar joint
  26. At which of the following joint(s) are movements in the sagittal plane called flexion/extension movements?
    • elbow joint
    • hip joint
    • knee joint
    • shoulder joint
    • thorocolumbar spine (trunk)
    • wrist joint

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