chapter 4 nutrition exam 1

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melissag94
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237998
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chapter 4 nutrition exam 1
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2013-09-30 21:53:54
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NTD200
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powerpoints for exam 1
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  1. a relatively coherent system of values, beliefs or ideas shared by some social group and often taken for granted as natural or inherently true
    ideology
  2. dietary patterns are influence by what 3 related aspects of ideology?
    • worldview
    • health beliefs
    • religion
  3. 3 western religions?
    • christianity
    • judaism
    • islam
  4. 2 eastern religions?
    • hinduism
    • buddhism
  5. largest religious group in the us?
    christians
  6. largest religion in the world? 2nd largest?
    • Christianity
    • islam
  7. this religion has little involvement of food as part of their religious beliefs except for communion
    protestantism
  8. this religion says no tobacco, alcohol, tea, coffee and they eat sparingly and are grain based
    mormonism
  9. what religion keeps a one year reserve or food for each family member in case of a 2nd coming
    mormonism
  10. which 3 religions are lacto ovo/vegetarian?
    • seventh day adventist
    • hinduism
    • buddhism
  11. what is the biggest holiday for eastern orthodox? and the major symbol?
    • easter
    • red egg
  12. what does the red egg symbolize?
    victory after death
  13. eating is part of worship in which religion?
    islam
  14. unlawful or prohibited foods
    haram
  15. permitted or lawful foods
    halal
  16. prohibited foods in the islam religion?
    • pork and shellfish
    • alcohol
    • coffee, tea, tobacco, vanilla extract
    • whey
  17. halal foods are denoted by a symbol of what letter?
    M
  18. during Ramadan, how long do muslims fast?
    an entire month
  19. at the end of the day during Ramadan, the fast is broken with a prayer and a meal known as
    iftar
  20. meaning of Ramadan?
    time for inner reflection, devotion to God, and self control
  21. fasting is a way of learning?
    self control
  22. Ramadan ends with? which is?
    • id-al-fitr
    • the feast of fast breaking, large meal
  23. Sabbath day for Judaism?
    saturday
  24. fast day for Judaism?
    yom kippur
  25. feast day for Judaism?
    • rosh hashanah
    • passover
  26. jewish dietary laws are known as?
    kashrut
  27. jewish diet prohibits?
    • pork
    • shellfish
    • all animals with split hooves and which chew the cud
  28. foods obtained and prepared in accordance with religious law
    kosher
  29. in what religion do they separate milk and meat?
    judaism
  30. most commonly observed jewish holiday?
    passover
  31. neutral kosher foods?
    fish, eggs, fruit and vegetables
  32. unleavened bread made simply for flour and water and cooked very quickly
    matzah
  33. celebrated on the first night of pesach, a special family meal
    sedar
  34. dietary practices of Hinduism?
    • many are vegetarian
    • avoid pork
    • dairy is allowed
    • cow is sacred
  35. hinduism has a lot of ?
    feast days
  36. which animal is considered sacred in hinduism?
    cow
  37. in Buddhism, fasting is required on all?
    monks
  38. believe that a contributing cause of human aggression is violence against animals?
    buddhists
  39. which religion has the 5 contemplations while eating?
    buddhism
  40. which religion focuses on new testament?
    christianity
  41. which religion focuses on old testament?
    judaism
  42. a jew of central or eastern European descent
    ashkenazi
  43. a jew who is of Spanish or portuguse descent?
    ssephardic

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