Atherosclerosis

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Author:
jordan1128
ID:
237999
Filename:
Atherosclerosis
Updated:
2013-09-30 21:31:06
Tags:
CAD
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Description:
CAD
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  1. Atherosclerosis
    • Coronary Artery Disease
    • -Fatty deposits building up in the blood vessel walls.
    • -leads to eventual blockage of the coronary arteries and a MI
  2. Signs of atherosclerosis
    • none (silent killer)-most common in diabietes
    • angina
    • sob
    • MI
  3. Levinge's sign
    hand over chest
  4. Causes of Atherosclerosis
    • high blood cholesterol
    • high blood pressure
    • smoking
    • obesity
    • being a lazy fat ass (lack of physical activity)
  5. Uncontrollable Risk Factors for Atherosclerosis
    • -Sex
    • -Hereditary
    • -Race (Blacks)
    • -Age
  6. Controllable
    • High blood pressure
    • high blood cholesterol
    • smoking
    • physical activity
    • obesity
    • diabetes
    • stress and anger
  7. metabolic/chemistry profice
    blood serum test that looks at electroysits in blood
  8. treatment of athercosclerosis
    • lifestyle changes
    • medications
    • angioplasty
  9. drug therapy for athercosclerosis
    • antiplatelet agents/antigulants
    • ace inhibitors (reduce blood pressure)
    • beta blockers
    • calcium channel blockers
    • nitrates
  10. Antiplatetlet Agents
    • Aspirin
    • Reduce Clotting
  11. Beta Blockers
    • slow heart rate and lower blood pressure
    • slow av rate
  12. calcium channel blockers
    slow rate across av node
  13. Nitrates
    • relieve ischemia through vasodilation
    • -sublingual or sprays
    • nitrogylcern
  14. NTG
    nitroglycerin
  15. Statins
    • lower cholsterol
    • Lipitor
  16. Prevention to Atherosclerosis
    • life style changes (excerise, smoking,diet)
    • blood pressure control
    • control hyperglycemia
    • cardioprotective drugs

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