classical; wrote The Dialogues (The Apology - on Socrates, The Republic, etc.);
philosopher-teachers; sold wisdom; criticized by Socrates
Plato's Republic; in the cave = "comfort zone"
"common sense" approach to morals; moral rationalist
Theory of Moral Sentiments
by Adam Smith
"hypothetical consent"; contractualism; veil of ignorance - imagine self w/o race, gender, nationality, etc. and then decide what is right for all, regardless of effect personally; wrote Theory of Justice
Second Treatise of Government
by Locke; on contract theory
by William Barrett
Dread; stages aesthetic to ethical to religious (most stay at aesthetic)
Lorenz; consider environment of species & how they adapt within it.
speaking creatures; classic tradition; people are political by nature
a founder of western philosophy; portrayed in Plato's dialogues; trial & death
Four Stages Theory
hunting, shepherding, agriculture, commercial
by Plato; about Socrates
Plato's Republic; advanced version of Socrates' Cave Allegory; distinction between physical (the sun) & non-physical (the good)
reinforces Aristotle; linguist, children use context clues to learn language, don't just memorize image of a chair as "chair"
Theory of Justice
by John Rawls
Twilight of the Idols
Nietzsche; play on title from section of Wagner's play; 4 errors - church is hostile to life
John Stuart Mill
higher or lower pleasures? - It is better to be a disappointed Socrates, than a satisfied pig.
wrote On Agression; Naturalist
by Giacometti; sold for most money ever.
Jean Paul Sartre
radical freedom - "condemned to be free," accept the burden
sculptor of Walking Man
Greek philosopher; refined Hedonism (finder things in life)
The Nicomachean Ethics
by Aristotle; considers how humans can achieve best life
moral realism = nonsense; skepticism
moral philosopher; profit of capitalism; justice = most important virtue; wrote Theory of Moral Sentiments
wrote Private Vices, Public Benefits; said without contacts/consent, there is a natural harmony when people follow our own impulses in private that benefit the public
Private Vices, Public Benefits
Death of God; Ubermenschen & The Last Man (best of us vs. zombies); egoist/existentialist; christianity = slave morality
Michaelangelo brought the figure out of the marble; represents classical tradition (good life) & cardinal virtues