EthicalGlobalPolitics-Test1Review-Terms.txt

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Anonymous
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238015
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EthicalGlobalPolitics-Test1Review-Terms.txt
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2013-09-30 22:41:23
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ethics
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Key Terms for ethics test
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  1. Plato
    classical; wrote The Dialogues (The Apology - on Socrates, The Republic, etc.);
  2. Sophists
    philosopher-teachers; sold wisdom; criticized by Socrates
  3. Cave Allegory
    Plato's Republic; in the cave = "comfort zone"
  4. Thomas Reid
    "common sense" approach to morals; moral rationalist
  5. Theory of Moral Sentiments
    by Adam Smith
  6. John Rawls
    "hypothetical consent"; contractualism; veil of ignorance - imagine self w/o race, gender, nationality, etc. and then decide what is right for all, regardless of effect personally; wrote Theory of Justice
  7. Second Treatise of Government
    by Locke; on contract theory
  8. Irrational Man
    by William Barrett
  9. Soren Kierkegaard
    Dread; stages aesthetic to ethical to religious (most stay at aesthetic)
  10. On Agression
    Lorenz; consider environment of species & how they adapt within it.
  11. Aristotle
    speaking creatures; classic tradition; people are political by nature
  12. Socrates
    a founder of western philosophy; portrayed in Plato's dialogues; trial & death
  13. Four Stages Theory
    hunting, shepherding, agriculture, commercial
  14. The Republic
    by Plato; about Socrates
  15. Divided Line
    Plato's Republic; advanced version of Socrates' Cave Allegory; distinction between physical (the sun) & non-physical (the good)
  16. Ludwig Wittgenstein
    reinforces Aristotle; linguist, children use context clues to learn language, don't just memorize image of a chair as "chair"
  17. Theory of Justice
    by John Rawls
  18. Twilight of the Idols
    Nietzsche; play on title from section of Wagner's play; 4 errors - church is hostile to life
  19. John Stuart Mill
    higher or lower pleasures? - It is better to be a disappointed Socrates, than a satisfied pig.
  20. Konrad Lorenz
    wrote On Agression; Naturalist
  21. Walking Man
    by Giacometti; sold for most money ever.
  22. Jean Paul Sartre
    radical freedom - "condemned to be free," accept the burden
  23. Alberto Giacometti
    sculptor of Walking Man
  24. Epicurus
    Greek philosopher; refined Hedonism (finder things in life)
  25. The Nicomachean Ethics
    by Aristotle; considers how humans can achieve best life
  26. David Hume
    moral realism = nonsense; skepticism
  27. Adam Smith
    moral philosopher; profit of capitalism; justice = most important virtue; wrote Theory of Moral Sentiments
  28. Bernard Mandeville
    wrote Private Vices, Public Benefits; said without contacts/consent, there is a natural harmony when people follow our own impulses in private that benefit the public
  29. Private Vices, Public Benefits
    Bernard Mandeville
  30. Nietzsche
    Death of God; Ubermenschen & The Last Man (best of us vs. zombies); egoist/existentialist; christianity = slave morality
  31. David
    Michaelangelo brought the figure out of the marble; represents classical tradition (good life) & cardinal virtues
  32. Being and Nothingness
    by Sartre

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