LG Animal Quiz Ch 2&3
Card Set Information
LG Animal Quiz Ch 2&3
Quiz Ch 2&3
Three reasons for giving IV fluids.
To support oxygen delivery
Increase circulating volume
Increase cardiac output
Plasma is what % of total body weight?
What is the average percentage used to calculate blood volume?
Dogs & large animals
Force of heart muscle contraction.
large molecular weight plasma proteins
Osmolarity in any fluid compartment must be _____mOms/L.
______ of IV fluids administered will stay intravascular and _______ will diffuse into the interstitial space.
True/False: Colloids pass freely through the vascular endothelium.
K, MG, protein, and phosphate are in the ________ fluid.
Na, Cl, and HCO are in the __________ fluid.
Which of the following is true about crystalloid IV fluids?
A. Water and small molecular weight solutes
B. May contain dextrose and other buffers
C. Often used in anesthetized patients
D- all are true
Crystalloid fluids are replacement solutions that are similar to _______
List some examples of crystalloid replacement fluids.
Plasma-Lyte A and R (PA and PR)
Isolyte S (IS)
List some examples of crystalloid maintenance fluids.
Normosol- M in 5% dextrose (NM5)
Plasma- Lyte 56 in 5% dextrose (PL5)
List some characteristics of crystalloid maintenance solutions in comparison with replacement solutions.
For use over a longer time
Contain less sodium and chloride
Contain more potassium
Contain lower concentrations of buffer
What type of fluid can be used in the place of crystalloid replacement fluids?
Normal Saline (NS) (0.9% saline)
What fluids are administered with isotonic crystalloid fluids and used to treat shock?
Fluid administration rate for anesthesia
10mL/kg/hr first hour
Fluid administration rate for excessive hemorrhage or hypotension
40mL/kg/hr dogs and large animals
Fluid administration rate for shock
90mL- dogs and large animals
Fluid administration rate for colloids
10-20mL/kg/day dogs and large animals
# of drops that must fall into drip chamber of administration set to deliver 1mL of fluid. Expressed in gtt/mL
rate at which fluids should be administered expressed in gtt/unit of time. Usually gtt/min
total time over which fluids will be administered. Expressed in hours
total volume of fluids to be administered, expressed in mL or L
any drug used to induce a loss of sensation with or without unconsciousness.
Not a true anesthetic, used to produce other desired effects.
Routes of administration of anesthetics and adjuncts.
effect the body has on a drug
effect a drug has on the body
Bind and stimulates target tissue
True analgesics do not provide___________
Do not administer a drug combination if a _______ develops when the drugs are mixed.
Most anesthetic agents are __________
List purposes of pre anesthetics
calm/ sedate animal
minimize drug adverse effects
reduce dose of concurrent drugs
smoother induction and recovery
Receptor located on postganglionic neuron at the junction with the preganglioic neuron
Receptor located on the target organ
Slowest onset, longest duration
Faster onset, shorter duration
Fastest onset, shortest duration
Anticholiergics block acetylcholine at the ________ receptor
List some purposes of anticholinergics
Prevent and treat bradycardia
Decrease salivary secretions
Block GI stimulation
Atropine vs Glycopyrrolate
: faster onset, shorter peak, shorter duration
: slower onset longer peak, longer duration
Adverse effects of anticholinergics
thickened respiratory and salivary secretions- cats & ruminants
Intestinal paralysis inhibition- colic or bloat in horses and cattle
Acepromazine is in what class of drug?
Ace is approved for what species?
Horse, dog and cat
How can Ace be administered?
TRUE/FALSE: Ace has no reversal agent.
TRUE/FALSE: Ace is an analgesic.
What are effects of Ace?
calming, reluctant to move
peripheral vasodialation, leads to hypotension, increased HR and hypothermia
protects against arrythmias and decreases cardiac output
decreases allergic response