One who believes that under certain circumstances involving criminal threat to public safety, the intrests of society should take precident over individual rights
Embraces all aspects of civilized life-- linked to fainess and cultural beliefs of right and wrong
Crim Justice perspective that assumes that the systems componets work together harmoniously to achive the social product we call justice
Perspective that assumes the systems components function primarily to serve their own intrests.
strictly, the hearing before a court having jurisdiction in a criminal case in which the identity of the defendent is est, the defendent is informed of the charge and their rights and they are required to enter a plea. Also in some usages, any appearance in criminal court before trial.
Guaranteed by the 5th amd-- due course of legal proceedings according to the rules and forms established for the protection of individual rights
sentence is served one after another for multiple crimes
Sentences run at the same time
Crime control model
emphasis of arresting and convicting criminals
Due process model
emphasis of individual rights at all stages of the justice system processing
unlawful taking or attempt of taking property of another by force, violence, or fear
unlawful entry to a structure to commit a felony or theft
most common of 8 major offenses; stealing excluding motor vehicles
Part II Offenses
Gambling, Sex offenses, Runaways, Fraud .. ect
Viruses, worms & trojans
written law- the law that is "on the books"
the body of judicial precedent historically built on legal resoning and past interpretations of statutory laws- serves as a guide
Rule of Law
The maxim that an orderly society must be governed by est. priciples and know codes that are applied fairly to all its members
The Philosophy of law- also the science and study of law
Substansive Criminal Law
the part of the law that defines crimes and specifies punishment
a wrongful act, damage, or injury involving a breach of contract (or breaking the law)
"Standing by decided matters"
The gathering, transmiting, or losing of info related to National Defense
Acts that have not been fully carried out-- an offense not yet completed-- like hiring a "hitman"
The coexhistence of 1) an act in violation of the law and 2) cupable mental state
Ex post facto
can not be punished for something you did prior to a law being est.
the fact that shows the crime has occured-- "The body of the crime"
a serious violation of islamic law that is reguarded as an offense against god
a minor violation of islamic law against society
" based on premise that the def. is truly innocent" A statement or contention by an individual charged with a crime that he or she was so distant when the crime was commited, or so engaged in other provable activities that ther participation in the commision of the crime is impossible.
Claiming that the def. was discriminated against in the justice process or that some important aspect of the trial process was not followed
alter ego role
rule of law that holds that a person can only defend a 3rd party under circumstance and only to the degree that they third party could legally act on its behalf.
rule for determining insanity that askes whether the defendent knew what he or she was doing or if they knew it was wrong
The Durham Rule
a person is not criminally resonsable for actions (crime) due to mental disease or deficit.
improper or illegal inducement to crime by agents of law enforcment