THA 136 Midterm 1 Identifications.txt

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THA 136 Midterm 1 Identifications.txt
2013-10-01 12:20:21

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  1. Charlie Chaplin
    • Started acting at age 11 to get money because Chaplin and his brother got abandoned by their parents.
    • Signed with various production companies like Cartwell company, Essanay and Mutual.
    • In 1916 he signed with Mutual and made more money than the president at the time.
    • He gained international fame in 1917.
    • At the peak of his career he acted in the Gold Rush (1925). He planned it as an epic comedy. It cost $1 million and grossed $6 million.
  2. Kinetoscope
    • This device was invented by Thomas Edison in 1894.
    • It was considered the first commercial development of motion picture.
    • It first showcased at the Chicago World Fair.
    • Had no sound, no story, no character development and was not projected film.
    • The first film was titled Fred Ott’s Sneeze.
  3. Motion Picture Patents Company
    • Created by Edison on 1908.
    • The MPPC exploited key industry patents of motion-picture technology to fix prices, restrict the distribution and exhibition of foreign-made pictures, regulate domestic production and control film licensing and distribution.
  4. D.W. Griffith
    • He was a success with Biograph where he directed his first film.
    • -His contributions to cinema:
    • Strong Victorian acting
    • Animal instincts of villians
    • He was an actor so he knew what he wanted
    • Used a sequence of shots (long, medium, short)
    • 180 degree rule
    • No cameras over invisible line
    • First to use cross cutting
    • Birth of a Nation (1915) was one of his most controversial films but a commercial success.
  5. Carl Laemmle
    • Originally an immigrant that use to watch Nickelodeons.
    • He established his own distribution exchange, the Independent Moving Picture Company of America (IMP).
    • He formed Universal Studios.
    • He jump-started the Star System.
  6. Rudolph Valentino
    • Was a sexual celebrity.
    • He played romantic and exotic characters in most of his films.
    • The epitome of attractiveness and sex appeal.
  7. Lumiere Brothers
    • Auguste and Louis
    • Created the Cinematographv in 1895
    • The first film-makers to screen a program of projected motion pictures to a paying audience.
  8. William Kennedy Laurie Dickson
    • Help invent sprocket holes which enables the movement of film through the camera and the projector.
    • Founded the American Mutoscope and Biograph Comapany.
  9. Will Hays
    • He was the first head of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA).
    • MPPDA intended to regulate the industry, industry wanted to control itself.
    • Hays was former head of the Republican Committee and supposed to be the watchdog of the film industry.
    • He was best known for lack of control of the industry.
  10. The Jazz Singer (film)
    • Made in 1927 with the Warner Brother Studios and was the first film with sound.
    • The film was shot silently and the actors lip synced.
    • The Vitaphone Company had done the sound on film.
    • It was $500,000 to make but grossed $2.2 million even though it was only shown in two theatres.
  11. Irving Thalberg
    • Helped create MGM studios.
    • In partnership with Louis Mayer they formed the strongest partnership.
    • He never appeared in the credits even though he was a workaholic and worked 16 hour days.
    • He loved retakes and introduced the concept of “sneak previews.”
    • He helped revived the Marx Brothers with the film Night at the Opera.
  12. PCA (identify)
    • Production Code Administration
    • Created in 1934 when Will Hays and the MPPDA was not successful.
    • PCA was made to clean things up in Hollywood and improve the Public Image of the industry as a whole.
    • First head of the PCA, Joseph Breen, was very successful.
  13. Georges Melies
    • Considered the father of special effects.
    • He ran Star Film Company and made for that 500 films.
    • He was the jack of all trades, he directed, wrote, acted, a cameraman, etc.
    • He played with stop motion and double exposure.
    • The first person to make a movie with different scenes.
  14. Cinematograph
    • Created by the Lumiere Brothers.
    • It is a combination of a projector and a camera.
    • On December 1895 the Lumiere’s first showed projected films in France.
    • In comparison to Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope it was more portable and practical machine.
  15. Nickelodeon
    • Considered the first chapter of the industry.
    • It was available during the years of 1902 and 1912.
    • They are actual theatres but are considered hybrid, live entertainment mixed with film.
    • Film length were usually 12 to 15 minutes long.
    • Predominately male immigrants.
    • Were not respectable and had to be 200ft away from a church.
  16. Biograph
    • Made by William Kennedy Laurie Dickson in New York
    • It was an access to young actors.
    • Where D.W. Griffith began as a director
    • Made the Mutoscope, for individual viewing, but it wasn't as successful as the kinetoscope.
  17. Mack Sennett
    • Known for his slap-stick comedy and chase scenes.
    • His films were based on vaudeville.
    • He had impressive cutting.
    • He believed that gag had to begin and end in 100 seconds and no retakes.
    • He liked the stationary camera.
    • In 1915 he became a producer instead of the director.
    • He influenced the movie, “Monty Python.”
  18. Movie Palace
    • Was the new type of theatre and way better and cleaner than nickelodeons.
    • These theatres had ushers to help serve them.
    • Women began working and having disposable income to spend at movies.
    • Movie palaces were a congenial environment for women.
  19. The Mutual Case
    • Mutual Film Corporation versus Industrial Commission of Ohio (1915).
    • It was a case between a film production and a distribution company.
    • The distribution company was routinely prohibiting the screening for profit of movies it found offensive and/or a threat to public safety and welfare.
    • Court was in favor of the Industrial Commission of Ohio which allowed other states have censorship.
    • Judge claims that they should treat cinema differently from the press.
  20. Buster Keaton
    • The rival of Charlie Chaplin.
    • He was the “sad face fool.”
    • His gags were connected to character.
    • He made 19 shorts between 1920 and 1923.
  21. Herbert Kalmus
    • Founded the Technicolor Corporation
    • Introducted the three strip color process
    • Each strip captured different colors of the color spectrum
    • First to use technicolor was Walt Disney
    • It was expensive to shoot in Technicolor
    • Studios couldn't use their own cameras, cameramen, and their film was developed in the Technicolor studio.