bio 130 chpt 4

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bio 130 chpt 4
2013-10-02 13:23:55
epithelial tissue

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  1. what is the study of tissue
  2. what are the four basic tissue
    epithelial, connective, muscle, neural
  3. what tissue cover exposed surfaces and internal cavities and passageways
  4. what tissue often contains secretory or gland cells, scattered among other cell types
  5. what tissue are derived from epithelia but more secretory cells
  6. which gland secretes on external areas
    exocrine gland
  7. which gland secretes hormones into interstitial fluid
    endocrine gland
  8. what tissue provides physical protection, control permeability, provide sensation, and produce specialized secretions
  9. what feature of the epithelial tissue faces exterior and internal space
    apical surface
  10. what feature of the epithelial tissue has microvilli often found on cells of digestive, urinary, and reproductive tracts
    apical surface
  11. what feature of the epithelial tissue has cilia often found on cells lining respiratory and some parts of the respiratory tract
    apical surface
  12. what feature of the epithelial tissue faces lumen (space) when lining hollow organs
    apical surface
  13. what feature of the epithelial tissue is attached to adjacent tissues, and have membraneous organelles comparable to other cell types
  14. what feature of the epithelial tissue include base and lateral surface (attached to neighboring cells)
    basolateral surfaces
  15. what are the three epithelial shapes
    squamous (thin and flat) cuboidal (small boxes) columnar (slender rectangles)
  16. what is the single later and double layer in epithelial cells called
    simple and stratified
  17. what epithelial cells are made of peripheral and transmembrane proteins
  18. what epithelial cells are deepest attached
    basal lamina
  19. what basal lamina contains glycoproteins and fine protein filaments
    clear layer (lamina lucida)
  20. what basal lamina contains bundles of coarse protein fibers, gives strength and restricts diffusion
    dense layer (lamina dense)
  21. what intercellular attachments form barrier that prevents lumen contents from getting past cells
    occluding junctions
  22. what intercellular attachments adjacent plasma membranes tightly bound with proteins
    occluding junctions
  23. what intercellular attachments attaches terminal webs of adjacent cells
    adhesion belt
  24. what intercellular attachments reinforces occluding junctions
    adhesion belt
  25. what intercellular attachments has dense protein band surrounding cell
    adhesion belt
  26. what intercellular attachments permits chemical communication to coordinate activates of adjacent cells
    gap junction
  27. what intercellular attachments is formed by interlocking junctional proteins (connexons), ciliated epithelial tissue, cardiac muscle tissue
    gap junction
  28. what intercellular attachments interlock cytoskeletons of adjacent cells, very strong
  29. what intercellular attachments formed by cell adhesion molecules and intercellular cement
  30. what epithelial cell is this and flat, irregularly shaped
    simple squamous
  31. what epithelial cell is found in protected regions, where absorption and diffusion takes place
    simple squamous
  32. what epithelial cell is along kidney passages, inside eye, alveoli of the lung
    simple squamous
  33. what epithelial cell has a slippery surface reduces friction, lining ventral body cavity, lining heart and blood vessels
    simple squamous
  34. what epithelial cell is located where mechanical or chemical stresses are severe, series of layers
    stratified squamous
  35. what epithelial cell is in skin, mouth, throat, esophagus, rectum, anus, vagina
    stratified squamous
  36. what are the two types of stratified squamous cells
    keratinized and nonkeratinized
  37. what type of stratified squamous is tough and water resistant found at surface of skin
  38. what type of stratified squamous is resistant abrasion but can dry out and found in oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, anus, vagina
  39. what epithelial cell resemble hexagonal boxes with nucleus in center
    cuboidal epithelial
  40. what are the two types of cuboidal epithelium
    simple and stratified
  41. what cuboidal epithelium lines exocrine gland and ducts, portions of kidney, secretory chambers of thyroid gland
    simple cuboidal
  42. what cuboidal epithelium is rare, in ducts of various exocrine glands
    stratified cuboidal
  43. what epithelial cell is ususally stratified epithelium that stretches and recoils
    transitional epithelium
  44. what epithelial cell is located in urinary bladder, urethra, and urine-collecting chambers of kidneys
    transitional epithelium
  45. what epithelial cells appear rectangular in sectional view
    columnar epithelium
  46. what epithelial cell is enlongated nuclei near basal lamina
    columnar epithelium
  47. what type of columnar epithelium is located in the stomach, intestine, uterine tubes, and kidney ducts
    simple columnar
  48. what type of columnar epithelium is located in nasal cavities, trachea, and larger airways of lungs
    pseudostratified columnar
  49. what epithelium varies in cell shape and functions, cells typically possess cillia
    pseudostratified columnar
  50. what epithelium has nuclei located at different areas of cells, so appears stratified; every celll attached to basal lamina
    psuedostratified columnar
  51. what type of columnar cell is located in large ducts of salivary glands and pancrease
    stratified columnar
  52. what epithelium is relatively rare, either two or multiple layers, columns appear on superficial cells
    stratified columnar