Carbohydrates

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Author:
adriana321
ID:
238259
Filename:
Carbohydrates
Updated:
2013-10-01 21:51:54
Tags:
Biology Carbohydrates
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Description:
Carohydrates
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  1. Functions
    short term energy store and supply
  2. Structure
    • simplest form of glucose= C6H12O6
    • hexagon structure
  3. Monosaccharides
    • fuel that cells use for cellular work
    • cellular respiration- process to create energy
    • 1 sugar (unit)
    • contain between 3 and 7 C atoms
    • name indicates # of C atoms
    • Hydroxyl (O-H)
    • Carbonyl (C=O)
  4. Isomers
    glucose, fructose, galactose (simple sugars)
  5. Isomer
    same chemical but different structural formulas
  6. Examples
    • "-ose"= sugar
    • glucose- sports drinks
    • fructose- fruits
    • glucose &fructose- honey
    • galactose- milk
  7. Disaccharides
    condensation and dehydration synthesis- combine 2 monosaccharides through this process
  8. Glycosidic Bonds
    where Disaccharides are joined
  9. Examples(Disaccharides)
    • sucrose- table sugar
    • lactose- milk sugar
    • maltose- milk sugar
  10. Sucrose
    glucose+fructose
  11. Maltose
    glucose+glucose
  12. Lactose
    galactose+ glucose
  13. Polysaccharides
    • many monosaccharides together
    • complex carbohydrates
  14. Starch
    • long chains of glucose(potato); straight
    • plant cells store starch for energy in bonds
  15. Glycogen
    • human/animals
    • long chain of glucose that branches off in different directions
    •     - store excess sugar in glycogen
  16. Cellulose
    • plant
    • forms cable like chains in tough walls that enclose plants
  17. Sugars
    Hydrophilic

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