PE Topic 5 - Skill

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PE Topic 5 - Skill
2013-10-02 01:22:05
physical education PE

Topic 5
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  1. Discrete motor skills
    • The skill has a beninning and an end
    • may be repeated
    • eg. throwing a ball, shooting a goal
  2. Continuous motor skills
    • has no distinct beginning and end
    • time taken depending on the length of the task
    • eg. running, riding a bike,
  3. Serial motor skills
    • skill that joins movements together
    • eg. complete soccer movement, rally in tennis
  4. Fine motor skills
    small muscle groups eg. darts a
  5. gross motor skills
    movements from large muscle groups, legs and quads eg. kicking a football
  6. Open skill
    • unpredictable environment
    • externally paced
    • eg. netball outdoors
  7. Closed skills
    • internally paced, predictable environment
    • predetermined motor program
    • eg. darts
  8. characteristics of a skills performer (5)
    • 1. all the time in the world
    • 2. correct decision making
    • 3. anticipation and timing
    • 4. smooth and effective technique
    • 5. ability to cope with pressure
  9. factors affecting input
    stimulus intensity, noise level, speed of the cue, arousal, functioning sensory organs.
  10. define response time
    the time it takes to complete a motor skill after the detection of the stimuli.
  11. define: reaction time
    the time it takes to initiate (start) a response to a stimuli
  12. functions of a cognitive learner
    • large frequent errors
    • new to sport or skill
    • visual demonstrations are handy
    • fatigue quickly, uncoordinated, skill should be closed.
  13. functions of associative learner
    • increase the amount of cues and skill as it becomes more open
    • error rate decreases
    • player begins to feel for the movement
  14. functions of autonomous learner
    • errors are rare, movements are automatic allowing the player to concentrate on tactics and placement
    • good technique and tactics
    • copes well under pressure