Pysch: Chapter 2 Neuroscience and Biological Foundations

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  1. Receives information from other neurons
  2. Integrates incoming information from dendrites, absorbs nutrients, and produces proteins necessary for the functioning of the neuron
    Cell body
  3. Transmits messages from one hemisphere to the other
    Corpus Callosum
  4. Electrochemical impulse that travels down the axon
    Action Potentional
  5. Interprets bodily sensations
    Parietal Lobes
  6. Involved in emotions, drives, and memory
    Limbic system
  7. Controls automatic functions like the heartbeat
  8. Thin surface layer on the cerebral hemisphere
    Cerebral Cortex
  9. Provides structural, nutritional and other support for neurons
    Glial Cells
  10. A long, tube like structure that conveys impulses away from the neuron's cell body toward other neurons or to muscles and glands
  11. George has been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis and has trouble walking because of his poor muscle coordination. His coordination problem is primarily due to the progressive deterioration of the...
  12. The principle whereby an axon either fires or does not fire an action potential is called....
    All-or-none law
  13. Where information transfers from neuron to neuron
  14. Chemical messengers that are secreted into the synapse are called...
  15. The neurotransmitter that is a suspected factor in Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia
  16. Manufactured by endocrine glands and circulated in the bloodstream to produce bodily changes or maintain normal bodily functions
  17. Neurotransmission at the synapse is similar to making an individual phone call. In contrast messages from this same system resemble a very large group email message...
    Endocrine system
  18. The major divisions of the central nervous system are...
    Brain and spinal cord
  19. Consists of all the nerves that connect to sensory receptors and control skeletal muscles
    Somatic Nervous System
  20. The parasympathetic and sympathetic are major divisions of what nervous system?
    Autonomic Nervous System
  21. The parasympathetic nervous system is dominant when a person is...
  22. Damage to the medulla can lead to loss of...
  23. The pons, cerebellum, and the medulla are all parts of the...
  24. The frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes make up the
    Cerebral Cortex
  25. If you are accidentally hit on the head and you see flashes of light, most likely the blow activated cells in the...
    Occipital lobes
  26. The brain's ability to reorganize and change its structure and function throughout its life span
  27. Branching neuron structures that receive neural impulses from neurons and convey impulses toward the cell body are called ...
  28. An Action Potential is an impulse that travels through a neuron, but what is an Action Potential?
    an electrochemical
  29. Chemical messengers that are released from an axon and stimulate dendrites on another neuron
  30. Some drugs, called agonists work by doing what to the action of neurotransmitters?
  31. The sensory and motor nerves that go to and from the central nervous system, body organs, and skeletal muscles make up what nervous system?
    Peripheral Nervous System
  32. Where do reflexes occur?
    Spinal Cord
  33. What system prepares your body to respond to stress?
  34. The brainstem is involved with your...
    Emotional Behavior
  35. An interconnected group of lower-level brain structures particularly responsible for emotion is called what?
    The Limbic System
  36. What lobes govern motor control, speech production, and high functions such as thinking, personality, emotion, and memory?
  37. A stroke that damages the Broca's area would affect a person's ability to...
    Make speech sounds
  38. Split Brain Patients have a hard time...
    Naming an object if they hold it in their left hand without without looking at it
  39. The proportion of observed variance in a particular trait that can be attributed to inherited genetic factors in contrst to environmental ones is..
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Pysch: Chapter 2 Neuroscience and Biological Foundations
2013-12-02 21:25:05
jun barbagallo pysch pyschology neuroscience chapter test
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