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What is archeology?
is the scientific or systematic study of a past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material evidence, such as graves, buildings, tools, and pottery.
What is an artifact?
- An artifact is something created by humans especially a tool, weapon, or object of archaeological or historical interest.
What is a primary source?
- A primary source is a document, photo, object, or written work that was created during the time under study.
- Ex: a speech, letter, manuscript, film footage, photograph, poetry, novel, pottery, furniture, or building. (to name a few)
What is a secondary source?
A secondary source is information that has been gathered by researchers and recorded in books, articles, and other publications.
What is stratigraphy?
Stratigraphy is the study of soil layers and what they represent. It also refers to the layer of a particular site.
What is crossmending?
is when Archeologists put fragments of pottery back together.
Culture is the beliefs, customs, arts, etc. of a particular society, group, place, or time.
What does excavation mean?
Excavation is the action of digging or hollowing out a hole.
is the study of the human past as it is described in the written documents left by human beings.
What is earthenware?
is common ceramic material used for pottery.
How do we get information about people and cultures of the past that did not leave written histories?
In order to find information about people and cultures of the past, archeologists can study...
- Excavation sites
- Artwork carved into rocks
- Artifacts (pottery, weapons)
- Animal and plant remains
- Human skeletal remains
People who study people/objects (artifacts)from the past are called....
What tools are used by archeologists?
- Pick ax
- Magnifying glass
- Dental pick
- Small hoe
Why do archeologists use tools?
Archeologists use tools to unearth artifacts without damaging them.
What do the tools archeologists use say about the speed and care with which the archeologist works
Excavation of artifacts is a very slow and lenghty process. This ensures that the artifacts will not be damaged in the excavation process.