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When starting a manual-shift car, which gear should it be in?
Where is the clutch pedal located?
To the left of the brake pedal.
Which capital letter does the gear formation of a standard shift make?
What is the friction point?
The point where the transmission and engine engage when letting up the clutch pedal.
How do you stop in a manual shift car?
Press down the brake, push down the clutch and put it in neutral.
What are 3 things that make motorcyclists and bicyclists dangerous?
- 1. Because they're small, they get into our blind spot.
- 2. They have minimal protection.
- 3. They are not as stable and can tip over because they only have two wheels.
What are two forms of tailgating?
- 1. Stopping too close behind another car in traffic.
- 2. Following a person too closely on the road.
How far should you stop behind another car in traffic?
You should be able to see their back tires and a piece of the ground.
What is the formula for how far you should follow someone on the road?
- Make sure there's one car length between you for every 10MPH you're traveling.
- It is also determines by the posted speed limit and weather & road conditions.
What should you do if someone is coming toward you with their high beams on?
Look down and to the right side of the road until the other vehicle is gone. You'll be able to see them go by with your peripheral vision.
What should you do when someone is behind you with their high beams on?
Pull the tab on your rearview mirror toward yourself - this changes the angle of the mirror and turns it darker, like sunglasses do.
What are the three steps in parallel parking?
To begin, put your right blinker on. Slowly pull up beside the other car, with 2 feet between you. Stop when your passenger-side mirror is beside the other car's front door handle.
1. Turn the wheel all the way to the RIGHT toward the curb. Look over your RIGHT shoulder and out the rear windshield. Slowly back up and make a 45 degree angle, then stop.
2. Turn the wheel 1.5 turns to the left. Look over your RIGHT shoulder and out the rear windshield. Back up slowly until your passenger appears to be in line with the driver's side of the other vehicle. Then, stop.
3. Turn the wheel all the way to the LEFT. Look over your RIGHT shoulder and out the rear windshield. Back up slowly until your car is parallel with the curb. Your tires should be 6-18 inches from the curb.
Why are children at a disadvantage as pedestrians?
Because they're smaller and less visible.
What is ground viewing?
Searching beneath parked vehicles for movement while driving.
When is the problem of animals on the road most severe?
Sunrise and sunset.
What is an example of a violent evasive reaction?
Slamming on the brakes.
How many seconds should you stay behind trucks?
How many seconds should you stay behind a regular vehicle?
What does the law require you to do when you are approached by a responding emergency vehicle?
You must pull to the right and stop.
What are car drivers required to do at railroad crossings?
Slow down and look left and right.
How do you dry your brakes?
Drive slow and apply light pressure to the brakes. Friction -> heat -> dry.
Name five factors that affect traction on the roadways.
- 1. Tire condition
- 2. Tire pressure
- 3. Rain
- 4. Ice & snow
- 5. Road conditions
Name the 4 factors which affect your braking distance.
- 1. Speed
- 2. Condition of the vehicle
- 3. Condition of the roadway
- 4. Hills & mountains
What makes it difficult for traction to overcome inertia?
The speed (faster = more difficult).
What three things make vehicles skid?
- 1. Reduced traction
- 2. Changing speed too quickly
- 3. Changing direction too quickly
What three factors affect the force of impact?
- 1. Speed of the vehicle
- 2. Weight of the vehicle
- 3. Impact distance
What is the first thing you should do if your brake pedal goes to the floor when you push on it?
Rapidly pump the brake pedal.
Which brake should you use if the brake pedal doesn't build up pressure?
The parking brake.
How do you start an engine that has been flooded?
Press the accelerator to the floor and hold it there.
What should you do if your engine starts to overheat, & why?
You should turn on your heater - it draws heat away from the engine.
What is the "Blue Book"?
It's a guide to the average price paid to dealers for different makes and models of used vehicles.
Which size and type of vehicle has the highest death rate?
Small utility vehicles.
How often should you change your oil?
Every 3,000 miles you drive.
When is the best time to check your oil?
In the morning, before you start the car.