SOCIO221 CH3

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oathkeepr
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SOCIO221 CH3
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2013-10-16 13:12:12
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SOCIO221
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SOCIO221 Chapter 3 notecards
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  1. Family refers to...
    a social institution based on kinship that functions to replace members of society and to nurture them
  2. Family also refers to a group of...
    people related by blood, marriage, or adoption.
  3. An example of a family would be...
    The Cosby family; the Obama family; the Bush family
  4. What are the three types of families?
    • Nuclear
    • Extended
    • Alternative
  5. Nuclear family refers to...
    a family consisting of parents and their children
  6. Nuclear family traditionally includes...
    a man, a woman, and children if they have any.
  7. Extended family refers to...
    a family consisting of two or more generations of people who live together or in close proximity and whose lives and livelihoods are closely intertwined.
  8. Examples of extended families include...
    • a grandparent and a grandchild in the same household
    • a grandparent, a parent, and a grandchild in the same household
    • a grandparent, a parent, a grandchild, and other relatives living in close proximity
  9. Modified Extended Family is also known as...
    Fictive Kin
  10. Modified Extended Family refers to...
    a situation in which elaborate networks of visitation and support are found even though each nuclear family unit lives separately.
  11. An example of modified extended family would be...
    fictive kin will play the role of blood relatives to help nurture youth as in the case of Little League baseball coach becoming a surrogate father.
  12. Alternative family refers to a family consisting of...
    • a single mother and her children;
    • a single father and his children;
    • two women and their children if they have any;
    • two men and their children if they have any;
    • a group of people engaged in group marriage
  13. What is the percentage of families with children 1 month old - 18 years that have at least one woman/mother in their household?
    97 percent
  14. What is the percentage of families with children 1 month old - 18 years that do not have a woman/mother in their household?
    Three percent
  15. Blended family refers to...
    a family based on kinship ties that accumulates as a consequence of divorces and remarriages.
  16. Blended families also refers to a family wherein...
    one or both of the two people in the relationship will bring a child from a previous relationship.
  17. An example of a blended family would be...
    the Brady Bunch.
  18. Pluralistic family refers to...
    a situation wherein a number of different types of families exist side by side, each having an attraction for some people
  19. An example of a pluralistic family would be...
    a family clan consisting of nuclear families, extended families, alternative families, and blended families; such as, a family reunion
  20. Divorce refers to...
    a social condition wherein two people become no longer married to each other legally.
  21. What is the rate of divorce in the United States?
    50 percent
  22. Of the divorced people, (1)__% to (2)__% will remarry.
    • 1. 75%
    • 2. 80%
  23. An example of divorce would be...
    The man or woman in the relationship will file legal documents to end a marriage.
  24. Divorce can create what types of families when a person remarries?
    Blended families.
  25. Social differences between a couple, such as differences in (1)________, (2)____, (3)______ _____ background, or (4)______.
    • 1. religion
    • 2. race
    • 3. social class
    • 4. values
  26. Low (1)_____________ standing, such as low (2)______ or (3)_________ have been causes of divorce.
    • 1. socioeconomic
    • 2. income
    • 3. education
  27. (1)_____ at marriage and (2)_________ romances have also been causes for divorce.
    • 1. Youth
    • 2. whirlwind
  28. Social Interaction
    The process of influence with each other.
  29. Examples of a social interaction would be...
    • waving "hello"
    • saying "hello"
    • essentially "meeting" a person
  30. Social Relationship
    is a pattern of repeated social interactions
  31. Examples of social relationships are...
    • talking often
    • having a date
  32. Social Structure
    is a web of social relationships
  33. Examples of social structure would be...
    that when a couple has a baby they create a family
  34. Monogramy refers to...
    the situation of having one spouse
  35. An example of monogamy would be...
    Barak and Michelle Obama; George and Laura Bush
  36. Serial Monogramy refers to...
    the situation of having one more than one spouse, but not at the same time
  37. An example of serial monogramy would be...
    Zsa Zsa Gabor has been married nine times to seven men.
  38. Polgamy refers to...
    the situation of having more than one spouse at the same time
  39. An example of polygamy would be ...
    Joseph Smith, the founder of the Church of Latter Day Saints, had at least 28 wives according to Andrew Jensen, an official historian of that church.
  40. What are the two types of polygamy?
    Polygyny and polyandry
  41. Polygyny is when...
    one man has more than one spouse at the same time.
  42. Polyandry is when...
    one woman has more than one spouse at the same time.
  43. Egalitarian family refers to...
    a family structure wherein the two people in the relationship are sharing the duties on a relatively equal basis in terms of being a provider, nurturer, and handling the second shift
  44. Patriarchy refers to...
    a family in which males dominate the regulation of political and economic decision making, whereas women and children are subordinate.
  45. Matriarchy refers to...
    a family in which females dominate in the regulation of political and economic decision making, whereas men and children are subordinate.
  46. Arranged marriage refers to...
    a situation wherein parents select marriage partners for their children, sometimes shortly after birth.
  47. Participant-run courtships refers to...
    a situation wherein the two people in the relationship select the marriage partner
  48. Cohabitation refers to...
    a relationship in which two people live in the same household and share sexual, emotional, and often economic ties without being legally married.
  49. An example for a term that refers to cohabitation would be to say...
    two people are "shaking up".
  50. What type of social structure could be effective in contrasting the "bystander effect"?
    The Modified Extended Family or Fictive Kin.
  51. Second Shift refers to...
    after a person works, they also have tasks to take care of at home; such as, cleaning, cooking, helping children, etc.

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