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- 1st, 2nd, and 4th: change "e" to "i"
- ex. portare to portari
- 3rd (and 3rd io): change "ere" to "i"
- ex. mittere to mitti
3rd principle part + "sse"
ex. portare to portavi + "sse" = portavisse
4th principle part + "esse"
ex. portatus esse
future (always active)
4th principle part with a "ur" before the "us", then add "esse"
ex. portatus becomes portaturus esse
For deponent verbs, the present and perfect infinitives are _______ in form; the future infinitive is ______ in form.