Pharmacology Exam 3

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Pharmacology Exam 3
2013-10-02 16:03:16

ch. 34, 36 and 37
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  1. what is the lobe of the pituitary gland that produces stimulating hormone, as well as growth hormone, prolactin, and melanocyte-stimulating hormone?
    anterior pituitary
  2. what is the response of the hypothalamus and then the pituitary and adrenals to wakefulness and sleeping?
    diurnal rhythm
  3. what is the interconnection of the hypothalamus and pituitary to regulate the levels of certain endocrine hormones through a complex series of negative feedback systems?
    hypothalamic-pituitary axis
  4. what is the "master gland" of the neuronendocrine system; regulates both nervous and endocrine responses to internal and external stimuli
  5. what is the combination of the nervous and endocrine systems, which work closely together to maintain regulatory control and homeostasis in the body
    neuroendocrine system
  6. what is the gland found in the sella turcica of the brain; produces hormones, endorphins and enkephalins and store two hypothalamic hormones
    pituitary gland
  7. what is the lobe of the pituitary that receives antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin via nerve axons from the hypothalamus and stores them to be released when stimulated by the hypothalamus
    posterior pituitary
  8. what are the chemicals released by the hypothalamus into the anterior pituitary to stimulate the release of anterior pituitary hormones
    releasing hormones or factors
  9. what is the outer layer of the adrenal gland; produces glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids in response to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation; also responds to sympathetic stimulation
    adrenal cortex
  10. what is the inner layer of the adrenal gland; a sympathetic ganglion, it releases norepinephrine and epinephrine into circulation in response to sympathetic stimulation
    adrenal medulla
  11. what are the steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex; include androgens, glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids
  12. what is the response of the hypothalamus and then the pituitary and adrenals to wakefulness and sleeping; normally, the hypothalamus begins secretion of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in the evening, peaking at about midnight; adrenocortical peak response is between 6 and 9 AM; levels fall during the day until evening, when the low level is picked up by the hypothalamus and CRF secretion begins again
    diurnal rhythm
  13. what are the steroid hormones released from the adrenal cortex; they increase blood glucose levels, fat deposits, and protein breakdown for energy
  14. what are the steroid hormones released by the adrenal cortex; they cause sodium and water retention and potassium excretion
  15. what are the drugs used to block bone resorption and lower serum calcium levels in several conditions
  16. what is the hormone produced by the parafollicular cells of the thyroid; counteracts the effects of parathyroid hormone to maintain calcium levels
  17. lack of thyroid hormone in an infant; if untreated, leads to mental retardation
  18. a synthetic salt of thyroxine (T4), a thyroid hormone; the most frequently used replacement hormone for treating thyroid disease
  19. a genetically linked disorder of overactive osteoclasts that are eventually replaced by enlarged and softened bony structures
    Paget disease
  20. produces thyroid hormone and calcitonin
    thyroid gland
  21. the L-isomer of triiodothyronine (T3) and the most potent thyroid hormone, with a short half life of 12h