Ch. 3 Biochemistry

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Ch. 3 Biochemistry
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2013-10-02 23:40:20
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Honors Biology Sparks
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Honors Biology
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  1. Type of bond between hydrogens & oxygen
    Covalent
  2. Polar charge on each end of a water molecule
    Positive Hydrogen & Negative Oxygen
  3. Overall charge on a water molecule
    Zero or no charge
  4. Bonding that causes water to cling to itself
    Hydrogen Bonding or Cohesion
  5. Attraction of water that produces surface tension
    Adhesion
  6. Compounds with covalently bonded carbon atoms
    Organic Compound
  7. Number of covalent bonds carbon can form
    Four
  8. Type of bond that carbon forms
    Single, Double, or Triple
  9. A monosaccharide
    Glucose, Fructose or Galactose
  10. Carbon shape resulting from the attachment of side groups to a chain
    Branched Chain
  11. Effect a functional group has on organic compounds
    Change the properties
  12. OH- group gives this property to organic compounds
    Polar
  13. -COOH group
    Carboxyl Group
  14. -NH2 group is found on this type of macromolecule
    Proteins
  15. -PO4 group is found on this macromolecule
    Nucleic Acids
  16. Small subunits bonded together to make large carbon compounds
    Monomers
  17. Simplest type of bond between two carbon atoms
    Single covalent bond
  18. Repeating linked carbon units or monomers make this
    Polymers
  19. Large polymers are called this
    Macromolecules
  20. Process that links monomers by removing molecules of water
    Condensation or Dehydration Synthesis
  21. Allows some insects to walk across the top of water
    Surface Tension
  22. Adhesion and cohesion produce this property in plants
    Capillarity
  23. Responsible for the upward movement of water in plants
    Capillarity
  24. Must occur for water to change from water into ice at 0oC
    Lost or gain of a lot of energy
  25. Extra energy absorbed by water to change its state breaks these
    Hydrogen Bonds
  26. Meaning of the prefix poly-?
    Many
  27. Process that breaks down polymers
    Hydrolysis
  28. Molecule removed to break polymers into monomers
    Water
  29. Amino acids link to make this polymer
    Polypeptides or proteins
  30. Backbone element in organic polymers
    Carbon
  31. Lipids can store more energy than carbohydrates because of this bond
    Carbon to Hydrogen Bond
  32. Macromolecules that can store the most energy
    Lipids or fats
  33. Original source of energy stored in organic compounds
    Sunlight
  34. Energy molecule stored in cells
    ATP
  35. Functional group found on ATP that stores energy
    Phosphate Group
  36. Monomer for carbohydrates
    Monosaccharaides
  37. Three simple sugars
    Glucose, fructose, & galactose
  38. General formula for any monosaccharide
    C6,H12,O6
  39. Two monosaccharaides bonded together
    Disaccharide
  40. Two common polysaccharides found in plants
    Cellulose & starch
  41. Monomers of proteins
    Amino acids
  42. Bond that forms between amino acids
    Peptide bond
  43. Two functional groups found on amino acids
    (-NH2) & carboxyl (-COOH) groups
  44. Temperate and pH can have this effect on a protein
    Change shape or denture
  45. Main difference among the twenty amino acids
    R groups
  46. Enzymes are this type of macromolecule
    Proteins
  47. Reactant catalyzed by an enzyme
    Substrate
  48. Effect on the enzyme whenever the reactant joins it
    Change shape
  49. Effect on an enzyme of changing pH or temperature
    Change the enzyme’s shape
  50. Enzyme lipase digests these
    Lipids
  51. Can store lots of energy because of a large number of these
    Carbon-hydrogen bonds
  52. Hydrophilic end of a fatty acid
    Carboxyl end
  53. Alcohol forming the backbone of fats
    Glycerol
  54. Makes a fatty acid saturated
    Single bonds between carbons in chain are filled
  55. Two fatty acids joined with a molecule of glycerol in cell membranes
    Phospholipid
  56. Five elements in nucleic acids
    CHONP
  57. Pentose sugar on DNA
    Deoxyribose
  58. Copies DNA so proteins can be made
    RNA
  59. Monomers of nucleic acids
    Nucleotides
  60. Along with a sugar & phosphate, the 3rd part of a nucleotide
    Nitrogen-containing base
  61. Cholesterol is this type of macromolecule
    Steroid

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