Common Functional Groups

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Author:
Kmagallon
ID:
238543
Filename:
Common Functional Groups
Updated:
2013-10-03 13:06:38
Tags:
Ochem General Formula Example Name
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Ochem
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  1. General Formula: RH
    Ex:
    Methane  CH4     CH4
    Ethane    C2H6   CH3CH3
    Propane  C3H8   CH3CH2CH3
    Butane   C4H10  CH3CH2CH2CH3
    Pentane  C5H12  CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3
    Heptane  C6H14  CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
    Hexane   C7H16  CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
    Octane  C8H18 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3

    Nonane C9H20 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3

    Decane C10H22 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
    Alkane (no functional group)
  2. GF: RCH=CH2
    Ex: CH3CH2CH=CH2
    Alkene: (FG= carbon-carbon double bond)
  3. GF:RC≡CH
    Ex:CH3C≡CH
    Alkyne (FG= carbon-carbon triple bond)
  4. GF:ArH
    Ex: 
    Arene: Arenes or Aromatic rings may have
  5. GF:RX
    Ex: CH3CH2CH2Cl
    Alkyl halide (FG: carbon-halogen bond)
  6. GF:ROH
    Ex:CH3CH2OH
    Alcohol (FG: C-O-H)
  7. GF:ROR
    Ex:CH3CH2OCH3
    Ether (FG: C-O-C... "Alkyl groups on the 'O' can be replaced with Alkyl groups")
  8. GF:RNH2
    Ex:CH3CH2CH2NH2
    Amine (FG: C-N. "The other H's on the 'N' can be replaced with alkyl groups")
  9. GF:
    Ex:
    Aldehyde(FG: C=O with at least on H on the C)
  10. GF:

    Ex:
    Ketone (FG: C=O with two alkyl groups on C. The alkyl groups may be different.)
  11. GF:

    Ex:CH3CH2COOH
    Carboxylic acid (FG: C=O with the OH bonded to C)
  12. GF:

    Ex:CH3 COCl
    Acyl chloride (FG: C=O w/ a Cl bonded to the C)
  13. GF:

    Ex:
    Acid anhydride (FG: The TWO C=O's bonded to another O. Alkyl groups may be different.)
  14. GF:

    Ex:
    Ester (FG: C=O bonded to another O that is bonded to a C )
  15. GF:
    Ex:CH3CH2CONH2
    Amide (FG: C=O with N bonded to C. Other groups on "N" could be Alkyl groups or H's)
  16. GF:RC≡N
    Ex: CH3CH2CH2C≡N
    Nitrile (FG: C≡N)

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