Nomenclature of Alkyl Groups

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Author:
Kmagallon
ID:
238557
Filename:
Nomenclature of Alkyl Groups
Updated:
2013-10-03 14:03:20
Tags:
OCHEM
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Description:
primary/ secondary, tertiary
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  1. Alkyl Groups are classified AS...
    Alkyl groups are classified as parent, primary(10), secondary (20), and tertiary (30) alkyl grps.
  2. ONE CARBON Alkyl Group: _______

    Abbreviation: Me

    Ex:_____
    • CH3-
    • Methyl Group parent

    Ex: Methanol <<<< MeOH or CH3OH
  3. TWO Carbon Alkyl Groups:________

    Abbreviation: Et

    Ex:_______
    Ethyl Group 10: CH3CH2-

    ex: Ethanol<<< CH3CH2OH or EtOH
  4. TREE Carbon Alkyl Groups: ____
    Abbreviation: n-Pr & i-Pr
    two Ex:______
    • n-Propyl Group 10: CH3CH2CH2-
    • 1st Ex: n-Propanol n-PrOH or CH3CH2CH2OH

    • Isopropyl Group 20: CH3 ClH CH3
    •                                           

    2nd Ex: 2-Propanol CH3CHOHCH3 or i-PrOH
  5. FOUR Carbons Alkyl Groups:_________

    Abbreviations: n-Bu, sec-Bu, i-Bu, t-Bu
    4 Ex:____________
    • 1st: n-Butyl Group 10 CH3CH2CH2CH2- Abbreviation: n-Bu
    • Ex: n-Butanol CH3CH2CH2CH2OH or n-BuOH

    • 2nd: sec-Butyl Group20   CH3ClH2CHCH3
    •                                                
    • Abbreviation: sec-Bu
    • Ex: sec-Butanol CH3CH2CHOHCH or sec-BuOH

    • 3rd: Isobutyl Group 10 (CH3)2CHCH2-
    • Abbreviation: i-Bu
    • Ex: Isobutanol (CH3)2CHCH2OH or i-BuOH

    • 4th: tert-Butyl Group 30  (CH3)3C-
    • Abbreviation: t-Bu
    • Ex: t-Butanol (CH3)3COH or t-BuOH
  6. What is Alkyl?
    is an Alkene portion molecule, with one H atom removed to allow bonding with a functional group.

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