ClimMedV: Toxicology (Methylanthines to end)

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heather.dundas
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238616
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ClimMedV: Toxicology (Methylanthines to end)
Updated:
2013-10-03 23:54:59
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vti
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vti
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  1. stimulates the heart and respiratory systems and causes minor diuresis
    methylxanthines
  2. What are some examples of methylxanthines?CTTTSMC
    • caffeine
    • theobromine
    • theophylline (bronchodilator found in coffee)
    • tea
    • stimulants
    • meds
    • chocolate
  3. What is theobromine found in?CCT
    • chocolate
    • cocoa
    • tea
  4. Is milk chocolate more or less toxic than bakers chocolate?
    less it would take a lot more pieces of milk chocolate to be toxic than bakers chocolate because it is diluted
  5. tx theobromine:IGCCDIAC
    • induce v+
    • gastric lavage
    • charcoal
    • cathartics
    • diazepam for seizures
    • IV fluids
    • antiarrythmics
    • catheterize bladder
  6. What is an animals most common exposure to caffeine?
    chocolate
  7. Is caffeine usually lethal?
    no high doses are needed
  8. Caffeine toxicity can cause what c.s.?TTA
    • tachypnea
    • tachycardia
    • arrythmias
  9. What symptoms are associated with ethylene glycol within 12hrs:NCRR
    • neurologic
    • cardiac
    • resp
    • renal
  10. What symptoms are associated with ethylene glycol within 12-24hrs:RD
    • renal failure
    • death
  11. dx of ethylene glycol:HBC
    • hx
    • blood test
    • calcium oxalate crystals
  12. What can cause false positive?
    proplyene glycol in diazepam
  13. tx ethylene glycol:SUGCI
    • symptomatic
    • usually die of renal failure
    • gastric lavage
    • cathartics
    • IV fluids
  14. tx for ethylene glycol part 2:EASFEP
    • emesis
    • absorbants
    • sodium bicarb
    • fluids
    • ethanol(7%)
    • peritineal dialysis
  15. Zinc has been found in pennies since
    1983
  16. What does zinc cause?
    hemolytic anemia
  17. cs zinc:VCLHR
    • v+
    • CNS depression
    • lethargy
    • hemolysis
    • renal failure
  18. tx zinc:FBRCE
    • fluids
    • blood transfusion
    • remove objects
    • chelation with calcium
    • EDTA
  19. Symptoms of lead:AAVDC
    • anorexia
    • abd pain
    • v
    • d
    • constipation
  20. later symptoms of lead:NSBTTU
    • neuro signs
    • seizures
    • blindness
    • trouble walking
    • tremors
    • unusual behavior
  21. What level of lead is diagnostic?
    60
  22. dx lead:BNRBM
    • bloodsmear
    • nRBC
    • RBC w/ basophillic stippling
    • mild anemia
  23. tx lead:CSCC
    • cathartic
    • sx to remove object
    • control seizures
    • chelators
  24. What are the 3 chelators?TCD
    • thiamine
    • calcium EDTA
    • D penicillamine
  25. What 3 toxins are in insecticides?PPO
    • pyrethrins
    • pyrethroids
    • organophosphates
  26. What are the two common ingredients in flea and tick products?
    • pyrethrins
    • pyrethoids
  27. symptoms pyrethrin/pyrethroid:HTSDSH
    • hypersalivation
    • tremors
    • severe muscle twitching
    • dypsnea
    • seizures
    • hypo/hyperthermia
  28. tx pyrethrin/pyrethroid:BDSDAM
    • bathe immediatley
    • decontam
    • supportive care
    • diazepam
    • atropine
    • methcarbamol
  29. Organophosphates are what soluble?
    fat
  30. What do OP's inhibit?
    cholinesterase/interferes with nervous system
  31. OPs symptoms:DUMBELS
    • d+
    • urination
    • miosis
    • bradycardia
    • emesis
    • lacrimation
    • salivation
    • seizures
  32. tx OPs:APIDP
    • atropine
    • pralidoxine
    • IV fluids
    • diazepam
    • pentobarbitol
  33. What does pralidoxine (2-PAM) do?
    reactivates cholinesterase
  34. Why are enemas toxic (Fleet in cats)
    sodium and phosphorus
  35. c.s. enemas:H/K,H/A,H/P,H/C,H/G,A,A,T
    • hyperkalemia
    • hypernatremia
    • hyperphosphatemia
    • hypocalrmia
    • hyperglycemia
    • acidosis
    • ataxia
    • tetany
  36. Hemotoxin is from what 2 snakes;RC
    • rattlesnake
    • copperhead
  37. Neurotoxin is from what two snakes?CC
    • cobra
    • coral snake
  38. cs snake bite:SEACBS
    • swelling
    • edema
    • arrhythmias
    • cns signs
    • bleeding disorders
    • shock
  39. tx snake bite:CASA
    • clean the wound
    • aabx
    • supportive care
    • antivenom
  40. What is strychnine found in?
    snail bate and insecticide
  41. cs of strychnine:srstah
    • seizures
    • rigidity
    • stiffness
    • tachycardia
    • apnea
    • hyperthermia

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