WHAP-Unit 2, Chapter Five Terms

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rkrell
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238665
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WHAP-Unit 2, Chapter Five Terms
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2013-10-03 22:55:30
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WHAP Terms
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List of Unit 2, Ch 5 Terms
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  1. Aristotle
    A Greek polymath philosopher; student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great.
  2. atman
    The human soul, which in classic Hindu belief seeks union with Brahman.
  3. Ban Zhao
    A major female Confucian author of Han dynasty China whose works give insight into the implication of Confucian thinking for women.
  4. Bhagavad Gita
    A great Hindu epic text, part of the much larger Mahabharata, which affirms the performance of caste duties as a path to religious liberation.
  5. bhakti movement
    An immensely popular development in Hinduism, advocating intense devotion toward a particular deity.
  6. Brahman
    The "World Soul" or final reality in upanishadic Hindu belief.
  7. Brahmins
    The priestly caste of India.
  8. Buddhism
    The cultural/religious tradition first enunciated by Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha).
  9. Confucianism
    The Chinese philosophy first enunciated by Confucious, advocating the moral example of superiors as the key element of social order.
  10. Constantine
    Roman emperor whose conversion to Christianity paved the way for the triumph of Christianity in Europe.
  11. Daodejing
    The central text of Daoism; translated as The Way and Its Power.
  12. filial piety
    The honoring of one's ancestors and parents, a key element of Confucianism.
  13. Greek rationalism
    A secularizing system of scientific and philosophic thought that developed in classical Greece in the period 600 to 300 B.C.E; it emphasized the power of education and human reason to understand the world in nonreligious terms.
  14. Hinduism
    A word derived from outsiders to describe the vast diversity of indigenous Indian religious traditions.
  15. Hippocrates
    A very influential Greek medical theorist; regarded as the father of medicine.  (Hippocratic oath)
  16. Isaiah
    One of the most important prophets of Judaism, whose teachings show the transformation of the religion in favor of compassion and social justice.
  17. Jesus of Nazareth
    The prophet/god of Christianity.
  18. Judaism
    The montheistic religion developed by the Hebrews, emphasizing a sole personal god (Yahweh) with concerns for social justice.
  19. Laozi
    A legendary Chinese philosopher of the sixth century B.C.E.; regarded as the founder of Daoism.
  20. Mahayana
    "Great Vehicle," the popular development of Buddhism in the early centuries of the Common Era, which gives a much greater role to supernatural beings and proved to be more popular than original (Theravada) Buddhism.
  21. moksha
    In Hindu belief, liberation from separate existence and union which Brahman.
  22. nirvana
    The end goal of Buddhism, in which individual identity is "extinguished" into a state of serenity and great compassion.
  23. Plato
    A disciple of Socrates whose Dialogues convey the teachings of his master whle going beyond them to express Plato's own philosophy
  24. Siddharth Guatama (the Buddha)
    The Indian prince turned ascetic who founded Buddhism.
  25. Socrates
    The first great Greek philosopher to turn rationalism toward questions of human existence.
  26. Thales of Miletus
    A Greek natural philosopher, noted for his application of reason to astronomy and for his questioning of the fundamental nature of the universe.
  27. Theodosius
    Roman emperor who made Christianity the official religion of the Roman state, banning all polytheistic rituals.
  28. Theravada
    "The Teaching of the Elders," the early form of Buddhism according to which the Buddha as a wise teacher but not divine and which emphasizes practices rather than beliefs.
  29. Upanishads
    Indian mystical and philosophical works.
  30. Vedas
    The earliest religios texts of India, a collection of ancient poems, hymns, and rituals that were transmitted orally before being written down.
  31. Warring States period
    Period in China from 403 to 221 B.C.E. that was typified by disorder and political chaos.
  32. Zaruthustra
    A Persian prophet, traditionally dated to the sixth or seventh century B.C.E., who founded Zoroastrianism. (Persian monotheistic religion)
  33. Zhuangzi
    A Chinese philosopher who spelled out the teachings of Daoism.
  34. Zoroastrianism
    Persian monotheistic religion founded by the prophet Zaruthustra.

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