WHAP, Unit 2, Chapter Six Review

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WHAP, Unit 2, Chapter Six Review
2013-10-03 22:54:33
WHAP Unit2

Unit 2 ch 6
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  1. Aspasia
    A foreign woman resident in Athens and partner of the statesman Pericles who was famed for her learning and wit.
  2. Ban Zhao
    A Chinese woman writer and court official whose work provides valuable insight on the position of women in classical China.
  3. Brahmins
    The Indian social class of priests.
  4. caste as varna and jati
    The system of social organization in India that has evolved over millennia; it is based on an original division of the populace into four inherited classes, with the addition of thousands of social distinctions based on occupation, which became the main cell of social life in India.
  5. dharma
    In Indian belief, performance of the duties appropriate to an individual's caste; good performance will lead to rebirth in a higher caste.
  6. Greek and Roman slavery
    In the Greek and Roman world, slaves were captives from war and piracy (and their descendants), abandoned children, and the victims of long-distance trade; manumission was common.  Among the Greeks, household service was the most common form of slavery, but in parts of the Roman state, thousands of slaves were employed under brutal conditions in the mines and on great plantations.
  7. helots
    The dependent, semi-enslaved class of ancient Sparta whose social discontent prompted the militarization of Spartan society.
  8. karma
    In Indian belief, the force generated by one's behavior in a previous life that decides the level at which an individual will be reborn.
  9. Ksatriya
    The Indian social class of warriors and rulers.
  10. latifundia
    Huge estates operated by slave labor that flourished in parts of the Roman Empire.
  11. Pericles
    A prominent and influential statesman of ancient Athens; presided over Athens's Golden Age.
  12. "ritual purity" in Indian social practice
    In India, the idea that members of higher castes must adhere to strict regulations limiting or forbidding their contact with objects and members of lower castes to preserve their own caste standing and their relationship with the gods.
  13. scholar-gentry class
    A term used to describe members of China's landowning families, reflecting their wealth from the land and the privilege that they derived as government officials.
  14. Spartacus
    A Roman gladiator who led the most serious slave revolt in Roman history
  15. Sudra
    The lowest Indian social class of varna; regarded as servants of their social betters.  The Sudra varna eventually included peasant farmers.
  16. the "three obediences"
    In Chinese Confucian thought, the notion that a woman is permanently subordinate to the male control: first that of her father, then of ther husband, and finally of her son.
  17. untouchables
    An Indian social class that emerged below the sudras and whose members performed the most unclean and polluting work.
  18. Vaisya
    The Indian social class that was originally defined as farmers but eventually comprised merchants.
  19. Wang Mang
    A Han court official who usurped the throne and ruled; noted for his reform movement that included the breakup of large estates.
  20. Wu, Empress
    The only female "emperor" in Chinese history, Empress Wu patronized scholarship, worked to elevate the position of women, and provoked a backlash of Confucian misogynist invective.
  21. Wudi
    The Chinese emperor who started the Chinese civil service system with the establishment of an imperial academy for future officials.
  22. Yellow Turban Rebellion
    A massive Chinese peasant uprising inspired by Daoist teachings that began with the goal of establishing a new golden age of equality and harmony.