WHAP-Unit 2, Chapter Seven Terms
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Formerly known as the Anasazi, this people established a mixed agricultural and gathering/hunting society in the southwestern part of North America.
The lion god of classical Meroë; his popularity shows a turn away from Egyptian cultural influence.
Classical-era kingdom of East Africa, in present-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia
Gradual migration of Bantu speaking peoples from their homeland in what is now southern Nigeria and Cameroons into most of eastern and southern Africa, a process that continued for several millennia. The agricultural techniques and ironworking technology of Bantu-speaking farmers gave them an advantage over the gathering and hunting peoples they encountered.
Forest-dwelling people of Central Africa who adopted some of the ways of their Bantu neighbors while retaining distinctive features of their own culture; also known as "Pygmies."
The dominant center of an important Mississippi valley mound-building culture, located near present-day St. Louis, Missouri
Name given to a major process of settlement and societal organization that occurred among the peoples of Chaco canyon, in what is now northwestern New Mexico; the society formed is notable for its settlement in large pueblos and for the building of hundreds of miles of roads.
Andean town that was the center of a large Peruvian religious movement.
The Egyptian variety of Christianity distinctive in its belief that Christ has only a single, divine nature.
King of Axum who established Christianity in his state.
Named from its most important site (in present day Ohio), this is the most elaborate and widespread of the North American mound building cultures.
Largest and most fully studied of the cities of the Niger Valley civilization.
The major classical civilization of Mesoamerica
City in southern Nubia that was the center of Nubian civilization
An important regional civilization of Peru, governed by warrior-priests
Members of any of a number of cultures that developed east of Mississippi River in what is now the United States and that are distinguished by their large earthen mounds.
A civilization of southern coastal Peru, the Nazca became famous for their underground irrigation channels and their gigantic and mysterious lines int he desert in the form of monkeys, birds, spiders, and other designs.
Niger Valley civilization
Distinctive city-based civilization that flourished int he flood plain of the middle Niger and that included major cities like Jenne-jeno; the Niger Valley civilization is particularly noteworthy for its apparent lack of centralized state structures, having been organized instead in clusters of economically specialized settlements.
"Great house" of the Ancestral Pueblo people; a large, apartment building-like structure that could house hundreds of people.
Term frequently used to describe the peoples of the eastern woodlands of the United States, Central America, the Amazon basin, and the Caribbean islands who combined partial reliance on agriculture with gathering and hunting.
The largest city of pre-Columbian America with a population between 100,000-200,000; seemingly built to a plan in the Valley of Mexico, Teotihuacán flourished during which time it governed or influenced much of the surrounding region. The name Teotihuacán is an Aztec term meaning "city of the gods"
Major Maya city, with a population of perhaps 50,000 people.
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