WHAP-Unit 2, Chapter Seven Terms

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WHAP-Unit 2, Chapter Seven Terms
2013-10-03 23:18:05
WHAP Unit Chapter Seven Terms

WHAP-Unit 2, Chapter Seven Terms
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  1. Ancestral Pueblo
    Formerly known as the Anasazi, this people established a mixed agricultural and gathering/hunting society in the southwestern part of North America.
  2. Apedemek
    The lion god of classical Meroë; his popularity shows a turn away from Egyptian cultural influence.
  3. Axum
    Classical-era kingdom of East Africa, in present-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia
  4. Bantu expansion
    Gradual migration of Bantu speaking peoples from their homeland in what is now southern Nigeria and Cameroons into most of eastern and southern Africa, a process that continued for several millennia.  The agricultural techniques and ironworking technology of Bantu-speaking farmers gave them an advantage over the gathering and hunting peoples they encountered.
  5. Bathwa
    Forest-dwelling people of Central Africa who adopted some of the ways of their Bantu neighbors while retaining distinctive features of their own culture; also known as "Pygmies."
  6. Cahokia
    The dominant center of an important Mississippi valley mound-building culture, located near present-day St. Louis, Missouri
  7. Chaco Phenomenon
    Name given to a major process of settlement and societal organization that occurred among the peoples of Chaco canyon, in what is now northwestern New Mexico; the society formed is notable for its settlement in large pueblos and for the building of hundreds of miles of roads.
  8. Chavin
    Andean town that was the center of a large Peruvian religious movement.
  9. Coptic Christianity
    The Egyptian variety of Christianity distinctive in its belief that Christ has only a single, divine nature.
  10. Ezana
    King of Axum who established Christianity in his state.
  11. Hopewell culture
    Named from its most important site (in present day Ohio), this is the most elaborate and widespread of the North American mound building cultures.
  12. Jenne-jeno
    Largest and most fully studied of the cities of the Niger Valley civilization.
  13. Maya
    The major classical civilization of Mesoamerica
  14. Meroë
    City in southern Nubia that was the center of Nubian civilization
  15. Moche
    An important regional civilization of Peru, governed by warrior-priests
  16. Mound Builders
    Members of any of a number of cultures that developed east of Mississippi River in what is now the United States and that are distinguished by their large earthen mounds.
  17. Nazca
    A civilization of southern coastal Peru, the Nazca became famous for their underground irrigation channels and their gigantic and mysterious lines int he desert in the form of monkeys, birds, spiders, and other designs.
  18. Niger Valley civilization
    Distinctive city-based civilization that flourished int he flood plain of the middle Niger and that included major cities like Jenne-jeno; the Niger Valley civilization is particularly noteworthy for its apparent lack of centralized state structures, having been organized instead in clusters of economically specialized settlements.
  19. pueblo
    "Great house" of the Ancestral Pueblo people; a large, apartment building-like structure that could house hundreds of people.
  20. "semi-sedentary"
    Term frequently used to describe the peoples of the eastern woodlands of the United States, Central America, the Amazon basin, and the Caribbean islands who combined partial reliance on agriculture with gathering and hunting.
  21. Teotihuacán
    The largest city of pre-Columbian America with a population between 100,000-200,000; seemingly built to a plan in the Valley of Mexico, Teotihuacán flourished during which time it governed or influenced much of the surrounding region.  The name Teotihuacán is an Aztec term meaning "city of the gods"
  22. Tikal
    Major Maya city, with a population of perhaps 50,000 people.