Card Set Information
-extend childrens' learning
-interpret for meaning
-make decision to act or to do nothing
A brief account of an event. Tells a story. Taken over time and of development areas-gives picture of child's development.
A brief account of an important developmental event.
One directly observed incident written in a short, concise, nonjudgmental narrative
A specific incident or event that teacher identifies as important in the child’s development
Meaningful Anecdotal Notes
Have a beginning, middle, and end
-snapshots of child's skills and abilities
Advantages of Anecdotal Notes
-most commonly used because they are quick and easy to do
-only pen and paper required
-can focus on significant behaviors in different developmental domains
-include valuable info about the context of the behavior
-can be done without separating self from ongoing class activities
-can focus on both typical and atypical behavior
Disadvantages of Anecdotal Notes
-not a complete picture of behavior
: observer chooses what to record
When to Use Anecdotal Notes
-anytime observing children: tell a story about what you see
Important Things to Remember When Writing Anecdotal Notes
1.Set the stage: where are you, what is happening, describe setting, how many children, what are they doing/saying
2.Use direct quotes
4.Provide detailed descriptions
**no emotion/feeling words unless quoting a child
**no "looks like", "I think"
Record in past tense
growth occurs from head to toe (upper body before lower body)
growth proceeds from torso outward (e.g. sucking, before kicking)
Predictable Physical Development Stages
*Principles of Motor Skills Development
Cephalocaudal - head to toe (1. head lift 2. sit, stand, walk)
Proximal Distal - inside to out (1. sucking 2. kicking)
Physical development is individualized, cuture and ethnicity can influence
Fine Motor Skills
most difficult to master
develop step by step
contribute to child's ability to explore
are enhanced by development of gross motor
developed at same sequence as gross motor but age differs
involves small muscles that control extremities
Fine Motor Development-Writing
age 3-5 = most rapid growth in fine motor skills
learning to write: Development Stages
-scribble stage (w/any instrument)
-string of letters
Grounded Artwork & Fine Motor Skills
Understands placement of letters=ready to begin writing.
Artwork is a tool for assessing a child.
Most nerves are in the fingertips.
***Relationship between art and writing is important for literacy development.
Observer Role Guidelines
Do not engage with the children
Do not stand over the children, sit down
Do not interfere with teachers
Gross Motor Development Milestones
Develop body awareness
Perfect eye/hand coordination
Awareness of position and space
Improvement in throwing, catching, and jumping skills
Engaging in imaginative activities that foster creativity while enhancing large muscle skills
Has a begin and end time. Is written in present tense.
A sequential record over a given time to recorded while the behavior is occurring.
Advantages of Running Record
Can be used when a teacher is concerned about the behavior of a particular child or a small group of children.
Disadvantages of Running Record
Require time and training to do.
When recording the teacher cannot interact with the children.
Behaviors are not seen in context, making it easy to miss some important information.
Small sample of time may cause frequency of occurence of certain behaviors to be overestimated.
The whole child - whole growth
Classroom Tools for Encouraging Gross & Fine Motor Skills Development
Provide play time
Provide crayons, pencils, paper, scissors, paint, variety of everyday items for fostering creativity