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What is an std?
A disease passed from one person to another during sexual contact. FOrmally known as (VD) venereal diseases. Most dangerous is AIDS
What is Gonorrhea
Bacterial STD that can infect the mucous memebranes of the penis, vagina, throat or rectum
– 1 million cases reported each year
- – 80% of women who have gonorrhea
- have no signs or symptoms.
- • If they do have signs or symptoms they are
- so mild that they aren’t noticed.
- Irritation of the vagina that is accompanied by a
Pain in the lower abdomen
Heavy yellow discharge of pus from the penis
Frequent, painful urination
Tenderness in the groin or testicles
Swelling of the lymph nodes in the groin
Appear 2-10 days after infection
- • Sometimes the signs and symptoms go away but
- the infections does not.
How do you get infected with ghonerrea?
• Mother to infant during child birth
- • Directly from one warm, moist body
- surface to another
- • This disease would only live on a
- toilet seat for a few seconds
How is ghonnera treated? What are the consequences of not treating?
- appropriate antibiotics.
- • Mayspreadtothereproductiveorgans
- inside the pelvic cavity (females)
- • Maybecomeinfertileasaresultof
- scarring of the reproductive organs (male
What is PID?
- of the uterus and fallopian tubes
– Painful sexual intercourse
– Can cause scarring of the fallopian tubes
resulting in infertili
What is CHlamydia?
- The most common STD in the
- United States; caused by bacteria
– 3 to 10 million new cases each year
- – It’s not a new disease although it is
- becoming more common each year.
- – Like Gonorrhea it does not cause signs
- or symptoms in the majority of women.
- – One-fourth of infected men do not get
- signs or symptoms
What are the symptoms of Chlamydia?
- White or yellow watery discharge
- from the penis
- • Painful urination both men and
Pain in the lower abdomen
Bleeding between menstrual periods
How do you become infected with Chlamydia?
- Transmitted from on person to
- another through sexual contact
- A major reason Chlamydia is so
- common is because it is spread by
- people who don’t even know they are infected.
What are the consequences of Chlamydia?
- • Morelikelytohavedifficultywith
- • Babies may get eye infections or
- • Pregnant women should be screened
- even if they don’t show signs or
What are Genital Herpes
- painful blisters or ulcers; cannot be cured
- – Type I is found above the waist appearing as
- a cold sore or fever blister on the mouth
– Type II is usually found below the waist
– More than 40 million Americans
– 500,000 more become infected each year
- – Once an individual has herpes they have it for
- the rest of their lives!!
- • Inactive in the nerve endings when there are no
- symptoms but can be reactivated by anything that
- stresses the immune system.
What are symptoms of Herpes?
- • Theother75%stillhavethediseaseand
- can give it to someone else
– Painful blisters on the cervix, vagina or vulva
– Blisters and ulcers on the penis
– Pain with urinating
- – Redness and blisters on site of contact (male,
– Itching, tingling or burning
– Sluggish feeling, fever and flu like symptoms
How do you become Infected with herpes
- Always transmitted by sexual contact
- Any direct contact with a herpes sore can cause infections
- Most infectious during blisters or outbreaks
How do you treat Herpes
- as often as every few weeks
- • Thereisadrugacyclovirthatwillhelpto
- reduce the pain of outbreaks and cause
- them to go away sooner
- • Caesareanmaybenecessarytoprevent
- the baby from being born infected
- • Halfofthesurvivingbabieswillhave
- severe brain or eye damage
What is Syphilis
Caused by bacteria that can spread through the bloodstream to any organ of the body
- • Can be spread through the
- • More than 120,000 new cases are
- reported each year
What are the sign and symptoms of Syphilis
- Painless sore called a Chancre
- • Asmall red bump that later become san
- open sore that oozes fluid
- • Chancre onthe penis or on the lips of the
- • Chancre also onthe cervix;
- • Vagina
- • Mouth
- • Throat
- • rectum
What is Secondary Syphilis
- Appear 2 to 6 months after exposure
- – Rash on the body
• On the palms of the hands
• Soles of the feet
- • Does not itch and it goes away without treatment
- but will come back
large moist sores around the sex organs or mouth
What is Tertiary Syphilis
- Severe damage to parts of the body such
- as the skin
- – Blood vessels
- – Heart
- – Bones
- – Spinal cord
- – Brain
- • Can cause blindness
- – Brain damage
- – Paralysis
- – Even death
How do you becomed infected with Tertiary Syphilis?
- Cannot survive drying or chilling
- • Dies within a few seconds after
- exposure to air
• Transmitted during sexual contact
• From a chancre or rash to an open
wound or sore
• From mother to unborn child during
How can Teriary Syphilis be treated?
Can be cured at any stage by using the right antibiotics
- • If treated during the last stage it can
- stop the progression but not reverse
- the damage, such as blindness or
Nongonccoccal Urethritis (NGU)
Any infection of the urethra
Most cases caused by Chlamydia
- Fastest growing STD
- Caused by hte Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
- Penile and cervical cancers
- Treated with drugs, lasers, liqued nitrogen and surgery.
Any inflammation of the vagina
– Itching, pain, discharge
- – Normal for discharge to occur, if it becomes
- yellowish or has an unpleasant odor, or much more
- than usual it is a sing of vaginitis
– Caused by Gonorrhea or Chlamydia bacteria
- – Yeast infection caused by an imbalance in the
- normal environment inside the vagina
- – “Trick” often transmitted through sexual intercourse,
- or exposure to moist objects contain the organism
• Such as using someone else’s towel or bathing suit
Hepatitis A & B
- Inflammation of the liver caused by
- several different viruses.
- – Type A not usually transmitted sexually
- but passed by oral contact
- – Type B easily transmitted sexually,
- present in body fluids, saliva, urine,
- blood, semen and vaginal secretions.
Sharing toothbrushes razors and needles
Damage to the liver
• Early signs similar to the flu
- • Dark urine and yellowing of the skin
- and whites of the eyes
- • Treatment needs to sought out
- • There is now a vaccine available
- that will help to “prevent” Hepatitis B
Pubic Lice: "Crabs"
- Spread by either casual or sexual
- – Small insects that live in the pubic hair
- and attach their eggs to hair shafts
– Feed on tiny blood vessels of the skin
- – Occasional swelling of the glands in
- the groin
Tiny mite that can barely be seen
– Burrows under the skin
– Intense itching
– Formation of pus
- – Genital area, under breast, armpits,
- between fingers
– Medicated shampoo
– Medicated lotion
HOw can you prevent STDs
Safe sex, delay sexual intimacy, stay in control of your actions, alcohol and drugs, use condoms, break cycle of infection, get checked by doctor, act responsibly