Definitions r/t Kidney, Immunity, DM, Respiratory, Musculoskeletal

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  1. what is acute renal failure
    sudden interruption of renal function caused by obstruction, poor circulation, or kidney disease
  2. What is anuria?
    output of urine < 100 ml/ 24 hours
  3. azotemia?
    increased toxic levels of nitrogenous wastes in blood. happens when kidneys are not functioning properly - as with glomerulonephritis
  4. CFR?
    slow, progressive loss of kidney function and glomerular filtration
  5. Cystitis?
    inflammation of the bladder - as with chronic bladder infections
  6. Glomerulonephritis?
    inflam of renal glomerulus characterized by DECREASED urine production, BLOOD and PROTEIN in urine, and EDEMA
  7. hematuria?
    blood in urine
  8. what is hemodialysis? how often?
    procedure to removes wastes from blood by filtering pt blood through a machine - performed at least 3 x wk
  9. IVP? intravenous pyelography?
    A radiology technique that involves injecting contrast medium (allergy precaution) into a vein and taking an x-ray of kidneys as the medium is cleared from the blood by kidneys.
  10. lithotripsy?
    procedure that breaks up stones within urinary system
  11. nephrotic syndrom?
    renal disease characterized by massive edema and excess protein excretion
  12. oliguria?
    diminished urine production in relation to intake, usually < 400ml in 24 hours
  13. peritoneal dialysis?
    How often?
    what do you need?
    • procedure in which blood is filtered through peritoneal membrane to remove waste products.
    • Performed everyday
    • Using dyalystate in peritoneal cavity and then draining it
    • Fill, dwell, drain
  14. polycystic kidney disease?
    • multiple cysts on kidneys
    • inherited
  15. polyuria?
    excess production of urine
  16. Proteinuria?
    Protein in urine
  17. pyuria?
    puss in urine
  18. pyelonenephritis?
    a puss forming infection of kidney that starts in lower urinary tract and moves upward
  19. urinary diversion?
    when normal urinary channels (ureters, bladder, urethra) are dysfunctional this provides an alternative route for urine to leave the body
  20. vesicoureteral reflux?
    back flow of urine from bladder to ureter
  21. acid?
    a substance that is capable of losing a hydrogen ion
  22. acidosis?
    • condition of increased hydrogen ion concentration in the blood,
    • increased CO2
  23. alkalosis?
    condition of decreased hydrogen ion in blood, increased HCO3
  24. alveolar ventilation?
    volume of air that undergoes gas exchange
  25. anatomic dead space?
    portion of respiratory sys from nose to bronchioles that functions only as an air pathway, about 25% of air inhaled with each breath remains here and is unavailable for gas exchange
  26. base?
    a substance that is capable of accepting hydrogen ions
  27. buffer?
    • a weak acid or a weak base that transfers hydrogen ions between solutions to maintain acid - base balance
    • HCO3, CO2
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Definitions r/t Kidney, Immunity, DM, Respiratory, Musculoskeletal
2013-10-04 05:21:23
N172 SC

Definitions of terms from Hogan
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