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Beta Adrenergic Blockers (Beta Blockers)
- Help lower blood pressure, pule and cardiac output.
- Name end in "olol" (propanolol)
- Side Effects: orthostatic hypotension, bradycardia, NV, diarrhea, mask hypoglycemia symptoms.
- Nursing Care: monitor BP, pulse and rhythm, signs of edema, lung sounds, BUN & creatinine levels.
- Anticonvolsant and anti-anxiety
- Name contains "pam", "pate" or "lam" all will contain "azo" or "aze" (diazepam).
- Side Effects: drowsiness, lethargy, ataxia, depression, restlessness, slurred speech, bradycardia, hypertension, diplopia, nystagmus, NV, constipation, and urinary retention.
- Nursing Care: monitor respirations, liver function, kidney and bone marrow function.
- Interfere with protein synthesis of the bacteria, active agains most aerobic gram negative bacteria and some gram positive.
- Name ends in "cin" or "mycin" (streptomycin)
- Side effects: ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, seizures, blood dyscrasia, hypotension, and rash.
- Nursing Care: history of allergies, I&O, VS during infusion, monitor therapeutic levels, signs of nephrotoxicity, peak and trough levels.
Angiotension-converting enzyme inhibitors
- Treat primary and secondary hypertension by inhibiting conversion of angiotension 1 to 2.
- Names include "pril" (benazerpril)
- Side effects: hypotension, cough, NV, rash, angioedema.
- Nursing care: Monitor VS, white blood cell count, potassium and creatinine and electrolyte levels.
- Antipsychotic and Antiemetic
- Some used to treat psychosis in schizophrenia, neuroleptic and treat NV.
- Name contains "zine" (chlopromazine)
- Side Effects: extrapyramidal effects, drowsiness, sedation, orthostatic hypotension, dry mouth, photosensitivity and neuroleptic malignant syndrome.
- Nursing care: protect medication from light, monitor liver enzymes and renal function and protect client from overexposure to the sun.