Respiratory System

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Author:
kmkulit
ID:
238692
Filename:
Respiratory System
Updated:
2013-10-04 01:45:27
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Respiratory Terminology Biology
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Vocabulary, Terminology, Cases
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  1. Adenoids
    Lymphatic tissue in nasopharynx; pharyngeal tonsils
  2. alveoli
    Air sacs in the lungs
  3. bronchioles
    Smallest branches if the bronchi
  4. Bronchi
    Branch of the trachea that is a passageway into the lung
  5. Cilia
    Thin hairs attached to mucous membrane lining the respiratory tract
  6. Diaphragm
    Muscle separating chest and abdomen
  7. Epiglottis
    Lid like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventing food from going down the airways
  8. Glottis
    Slit like opening to the larynx
  9. Hilum of the lung
    Midline region where bronchi, blood vessels, nerves enter and exit the lungs
  10. Adenoid/o
    Adenoid
  11. Alveol/o
    Alveolus, air sac
  12. Bronch/o, bronchi/o
    Bronchial tube, bronchus
  13. Cyan/o
    Blue
  14. Epiglott/o
    Eppiglottis
  15. Laryng/o
    Larynx, voice box
  16. Lob/o
    Lobe of the lung
  17. Mediastin/o
    Nas/o
  18. Nas/o
    Nose
  19. Orth/o
    Straight, upright
  20. Ox/o
    Oxygen
  21. Pector/o
    Chest
  22. Pharyng/o
    Throat
  23. Phon/o
    Voice
  24. Pleur/o
    Pleura
  25. Pneum/o, pneumon/o
    air, lung
  26. pulmon/o
    lung
  27. rhin/o
    nose
  28. sinus/o
    sinus, cavity
  29. thorac/o
    chest
  30. tonsill/o
    tonsils
  31. trache/o
    trachea, windpipe
  32. -osmia
    smell
  33. -pnea
    breathing
  34. -ptysis
    spitting
  35. -thorax
    pleural cavity, chest
  36. auscultation
    Listening to sounds within the body.
  37. percussion
    Tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure.
  38. rhonchi
    Loud rumbling sounds heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum.
  39. sputum
    Material expelled from the bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting.
  40. stridor
    Strained, high-pitched sound heard on inspiration caused by obstruction in the pharynx or larynx.
  41. wheezes
    Continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing.
  42. croup
    Acute viral infection of infants and children with obstruction of the larynx, accompanied by barking cough and stridor.
  43. diphtheria
    Acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the diphtheria bacterium (Corynebacterium).
  44. epistaxis
    Nosebleed
  45. pertussis
    Whooping cough; highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by Bordetella pertussis.
  46. asthma
    Chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus production.
  47. bronchiectasis
    Chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection.
  48. chronic bronchitis
    Inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long time; type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  49. cystic fibrosis
    Inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucinous secretions in the respiratory tract that do not drain normally.
  50. emphysema
    Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls.
  51. lung cancer
    Malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchi.
  52. pneumonia
    Acute inflammation and infection alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction.
  53. pulmonary edema
    Fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles.
  54. pulmonary embolism
    Clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung.
  55. pulmonary fibrosis
    Formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs.
  56. sarcoidosis
    Chronic inflammatory disease in which small nodules develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organ.
  57. tuberculosis
    Infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis; lungs usually are involved, but any organ in the body may be affected
  58. mesothelioma
    rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura
  59. pleural effusion
    Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space (cavity).
  60. pleurisy (pleuritis)
    Inflammation of the pleura.
  61. pneumothorax
    Collection of air in the pleural space.

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