Chapter 3 Quiz

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yesi13badilla
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238723
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Chapter 3 Quiz
Updated:
2013-10-04 12:47:17
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Sociology
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Sociology 101
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  1. In American society, the prohibition against incest is an example of a(n) ____.
    taboo
  2. A football team that receives a penalty for unsportsmanlike conduct is receiving a(n)
    formal sanction.
  3. According to Shepard, a counterculture is defined as
    subculture that is deliberately and consciously opposed to certain central aspects of the dominant culture.
  4. Which of these is not true of the importance of language?
    Language determines how each of use thinks.
  5. Rules that cover customary ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving but lack moral overtones are called ____.
    folkways
  6. Which of the following is an advantage of ethnocentrism for society?
    it promotes social integration, high morale, and loyalty
  7. The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis holds that
    our view of the world depends on the particular language we have learned.
  8. The only consciously created types of norms are called ____.
    laws
  9. Cultural universals
    wrong
  10. Rewards and punishments used to encourage socially acceptable behavior are called ____.
    sanctions
  11. Which of the following is not consistent with the “tool kit” view of culture?
    wrong
  12. Ideal culture refers to
    cultural guidelines publicly embraced by members of a society.
  13. Which of these is not considered a disadvantage of ethnocentrism for society?
    it promotes social integration, high morale, and loyalty
  14. Why are values important?
    they permeate every aspect of daily life.
  15. Which of the following is not part of the cognitive dimension of culture?
    the speed limit
  16. All of the following are matched correctly except ____.
    substantive / tall buildings
  17. The movement that emphasizes the cultural uniqueness of subgroups within society is called ____.
    multiculturalism
  18. General cultural components, such as family, education, and religion that exist in all societies, are known as ____.
    cultural universals
  19. What dimension of culture enables humans to think, remember, recognize, and imagine?
    cognitive
  20. Body movements or facial expressions that convey a meaning are called ____.
    gestures
  21. Understanding cultural traditions and practices in terms of their meaning within a particular culture is termed ____.
    cultural relativism
  22. ____ refers to the study of the biological basis of human behavior.
    Sociobiology
  23. According to the text, which of these widely shared American values has apparently undergone the most change over the past 30 years?
    group superiority
  24. Norms of great moral significance which are thought to be vital to the well-being of a society are called ____.
    mores
  25. Which of the following is not a fundamental value of American culture?
    communalism
  26. Which of these are examples from the text of values that both Arabs and Americans consider important to teach children?
    self-respect, health, and hygiene
  27. Functionalism is the basis of the ____ dimension of culture.
    normative
  28. An estimated ____ of the diversity in measured personality traits has been attributed to genetic heritage.
    wrong
  29. According to the ____, the words and structure of a language cause the people who speak that language to perceive the world in distinct ways.
    hypothesis of linguistic relativity
  30. Which of these is not true of real (as opposed to ideal) cultural patterns?
    Real culture refers to the guidelines publicly embraced by members of a society.

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